African Milk Tree Care InfographicThe African milk tree derives its name from the white sap that comes out when the plant is cut. Its stem has three sides and reaches an average of 36 to 60 inches in height, as well as 18 to 36 inches in width.

This succulent plant produces tear drop-like leaves that grow from the ridges of each side, making them unique.

Read through our educative care guide to learn more about this plant, whose foliage usually has a burgundy red color but gets green under lower light conditions.

What Is the African Milk Tree?

The African milk tree is a succulent, native to West Africa and is commonly known as the Euphorbia trigona due to its triangular-shaped stems. It grows some thorns that are about a centimeter apart along the sides. The leaves of this plant grow after every thorn, making a stunning pattern. 

African Milk Tree Care

The Euphorbia trigona care does not need much of your time or attention when growing because this plant is quite resilient to harsh conditions. It is also pest resistant but, you have to meet certain requirements to grow it with success. 

– Water Requirements

The African milk tree plants are succulents, although many growers confuse them for cactus. Unlike cacti, these plants do not tolerate prolonged stay on completely dry soil. Although the African milk trees’ succulent form allows them to store water that takes them through for some time, remember, do not expose them to dry soil for a long time. 

However, these succulents do not do well when overwatered so, water the soil once every two weeks or when the top few inches of the soil have dried out. Bear in mind that water loss in the soil and plants differs with climates. Higher temperatures lead to increased water loss so be prepared to regularly water your African milk tree during spring and summer.

 However, note that lower temperatures in winter reduce water loss, meaning that the soil will be wet for a long time so reduce watering. Hence, the watering process goes hand-in-hand with the drainage qualities of the soil and the type of pot used.

When you water your plant, excess water needs to be drained off with the enhancement of a well-draining soil mix and out of the pot through the holes. If the plant sits in soggy soil for long, root rot is a possible result. 

We strongly advise that you water this succulent once a month during winter as the plant enters dormancy and increase water application during the growing season to aid development. Also, avoid splashing water on the leaves when watering as this might cause fungal infections on the foliage.