All blue potatoes are a wonderful 100-year-old heirloom that is known by many names like Purple Peruvian, Fenton Blue, Adirondack Blue, and Vitelotte.
There are many cultivars of these potatoes, but all have deep blue skin and inked flesh. These potatoes are high in antioxidants and can be used in several ways. While they are not as common as other potato varieties, this unique variety will add color to your garden!
- What Is All Blue Potatoes?
- All Blue Potatoes Care
- Common Problems
What Is All Blue Potatoes?
The All blue potato is a variety of potatoes characterized by its blue or purple skin and flesh. They are rich in potassium. These potatoes contain a high level of anthocyanins, which are antioxidants, responsible for the striking blue color.
All Blue Potatoes Care
As soon as you have these potatoes, it is time to start caring for them. Remember these care requirements while planting and growing these all blue potato plants:
– Water Requirements
These growing potatoes need at least one inch of water per week. Be sure to water more frequently during hot, dry weather. When watering, soak the ground around the potato plants to a depth of six to eight inches. This will help encourage deep rooting and prevent drought stress.
– Light Requirements
These potatoes, need more light than others to grow well. When planning your garden, be sure to choose a spot that gets plenty of sunlight. This means they need direct sunlight for a minimum of six hours each day. If you are located in a place where summer days are long, your potatoes will do best in a location that receives full sun all day.
– Soil Requirements
These potatoes require well-drained, loose soil with a pH of 4.5 and 5.5 to thrive. It is also essential to ensure that the soil is not too wet or too dry; the potato plants will not do well if the soil is too waterlogged or parched. If you are unsure about the moisture levels in your soil, it is best to take a sample to your local county extension office for testing.
– Temperature Requirements
As with any plant, it requires a specific range of temperatures to thrive. The ideal temperature range is between 60 and 70 degrees Fahrenheit. However, they can also tolerate cooler temperatures down to 50 degrees Fahrenheit. Nonetheless, if the temperature gets too hot, the potato plant will wilt, and the leaves will turn brown.
– Humidity Requirements
The ideal relative humidity for these plants is between 60 and 70 percent. If the air is too dry, the plant leaves will begin to turn brown and wilt. To increase the humidity around the potato plant, you can try growing your potato plant with other humidity-loving plants.
– Fertilizing Requirements
You must feed these certified seed potatoes with a high-quality, well-balanced fertilizer. These potato plants should be fertilized once every two weeks during the growing season. However, it is essential to fertilize more frequently if the plants show signs of stress or are not growing as vigorously as they should be.
If you’re lucky to have this potato plant in your garden, you know how fun it is to harvest these beautiful blue vegetables. However, did you know that you can do a few things to ensure a bountiful harvest?
– How to Harvest
You can harvest blue seed potatoes in the summer or fall after the plant has flowered. They must be harvested right before the first frost. The time to harvest is in the morning after the dew has evaporated but before the sun gets too hot. This will ensure your potatoes are nice and crisp.
To harvest these potatoes, dig around the base of the plant with a shovel to loosen the soil. Then, gently pull the plant out of the ground, careful not to damage the potatoes. Once you see that the plant is out of the ground, shake off any excess dirt and remove any damaged or small potatoes.
– How to Store
You can store these potatoes in a cool, dark place for up to two weeks. If you plan on keeping them for longer, you can cure them by placing them in a warm dry place for 10 to 14 days. This will help them to last for several months. With these tips, you will indeed have a successful blue harvest!
These potato plants are susceptible to various problems, including pests and diseases. Some of the most common issues include:
– Potato Bugs
One particular problem with these potato plants is the infestation of potato bugs. These pests are small, black, and brown beetles that feast on the leaves of potato plants, causing extensive damage. A potato bug infestation can quickly decimate an entire crop. Unfortunately, these potato plants are particularly susceptible to infestation by these pests.
Aphids are tiny insects that can be a big problem for potato plants. They suck the sap out of the plant, which can cause it to wilt and die. They also spread diseases, which can further damage the plant. If you see aphids on your potato plants, simply blast them off with a strong stream of water from a hose.
Psyllids are small, soft-bodied insects that pierce plant tissue to feed on sap. They are related to aphids and whiteflies and are sometimes called plant lice. The first sign of psyllid feeding is usually the cupping or rolling of new leaves. Psyllids insert their long, slender mouthparts into the leaf tissue and feed on sap.
This feeding activity causes the leaves to curl or cup. Heavily-infested leaves may turn yellow, brown, and eventually die.
– Black Scurf
Black scurf can be a problem if you have these potato plants. This fungal disease affects the tubers of potatoes and can cause them to rot. The affected tubers will have black spots and may also be covered in a black mold. Black scurf is most common in humid conditions, so keeping your potato plants well-ventilated is essential.
– Verticillium Wilt
Verticillium wilt is a fungal disease that can affect any potato plant. The fungus enters the plant through the roots and then spreads throughout the plant, causing the leaves to turn yellow and eventually die.
The ideal method to control this disease is to prevent it from happening in the first place. You can do this by planting these potato plants in well-drained soil and keeping the foliage dry.
Here is a detailed plant guide on taking care of, harvesting, and storing this blue variety of potatoes.
Here are the key points we covered:
- The plant is also easy to grow and care for, making it an excellent choice for beginner gardeners.
- They have shallow roots, need frequent watering, and are susceptible to disease and pests.
- Store them in a cool, dark place; don’t wash them before storing them, as this can cause them to spoil.
Start planting this potato in your garden today, and experience how fast these plants enhance the garden’s beauty and taste in your kitchen!
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