Collectors call Echinopsis subdenudata the Easter Lily Cactus because of the striking similarity in Lily flowers. The echinopsis cactus flower is large with a long white stalk, and it can even rebloom several times each season, making it an excellent specimen for your cactus and succulent garden collection.
The small stature of this cactus and basic care instructions make it an ideal houseplant. It will even grow well in a brightly lit office where it adds a touch of color and excitement to otherwise drab surroundings.
The Echinopsis subdenudata has somewhat different care instructions from an ordinary cactus. The best way to understand how to care for an Easter lily cactus is to examine the natural environment and conditions where adventurous botanists find these plants growing.
We will tell you how you can care for this cactus to give it the best life possible.
Echinopsis Subdenudata Care Instructions
The first thing we will examine is where and how these unique cacti grow in the wild.
Echinopsis species grow in the rocky and mountainous environment of Bolivia in South America. These plants grow with a moderate climate with warm summers and cool winters, but only rarely will these plants experience extremes at either end of the thermometer.
Rather than picturing wind-blown sand dunes and parched riverbeds, try to imagine rock-strewn hills and clefts. These adorable little cacti make their home nestled comfortably in crevices and gaps between stones that protect them from gusts of wind. Making this cactus happy in your home is no more challenging than providing it with the kinds of conditions in which it thrives in nature.
Most people will buy this cactus in a garden center or nursery where it will already be growing. A reputable seller will have the cactus in proper soil and a proper pot. You will need to provide the correct lighting and temperature.
If you have a cutting from a mother plant, you will also need to understand how to mix the appropriate soil for keeping this fascinating plant alive. We will cover every bit of information you need to grow healthy Echinopsis subdenudata cacti in your home.
– Light Requirements
One mistake many novice cacti keepers make is assuming these plants will thrive in bright, direct sunshine. Some species will do just fine; others will suffer greatly.
One of the leading causes of cacti dying is too much sunlight. Small species -like Echinopsis subdenudata- are best suited for less sunny lighting environments. This does not mean your cactus will grow in the shade or dark areas of your home.
You should select a place where your Echinopsis subdenudata cacti receive lots of bright, indirect light. You can move your cacti closer to sun-lit areas every few days or so, and it will acclimate. Placing a plant that has grown in indirect light straight into the sun is a recipe for disaster. In the problems section, we will describe how to identify when your cactus gets too much light.
– Temperature Preferences
You probably can guess that this plant doesn’t like the cold. Cactus plants are not known for cold tolerance, and this species is no different. Unlike cactus that come from the deserts of America and Africa, this species does not like extremely high temperatures.
Ideal conditions should remain within a comfortable, room-temperature range. If you can keep your cacti in an area that is between 65 degrees and 85 degrees consistently, you should have no problems with temperature.
While many cacti are intolerant of chilly weather, Echinopsis subdenudata shows remarkable resilience to light frosts. You should consider covering your cacti if you are expecting temperatures to dip below 34 degrees.
Your best course of action if you are expecting frost is to move your cacti inside. If that isn’t possible, the next-best solution is to cover the plant with a thick tarp to trap surface warmth and prevent moisture from freezing on the plant.
Can Echinopsis Subdenudata Grow Outside?
Many people have success growing these cacti as far north as parts of Colorado. The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Hardiness Map indicates that Echinopsis subdenudata will thrive in zones 9a through 11. That means many people living in the Southwest U.S. will have success with outdoor planting.
– Water Requirements
The number one reason people struggle to grow Echinopsis subdenudata is overwatering. Cacti store water in their fleshy green parts, so they have a ready supply when drought happens. Unfortunately for the cacti, they are not able to stop storing water when there is an abundance.
Too much water is a sure way to kill Echinopsis subdenudata. This plant is highly susceptible to root rot, a fungal condition that occurs when the roots stay in the water too long. Unfortunately, root rot is almost always fatal to cacti. In the Problems section, we will describe what root rot looks like and what you can do to save your Echinopsis subdenudata if rot happens.
There is no decent rule of thumb for watering these plants. They prefer more moisture than many desert-dwelling varieties, but not as much as most succulents. During the hot growing season, you will want to provide at least a small amount of water once per week.
During dormant periods in the fall and winter, reduce watering to an infrequent level to avoid rot from overwatering your cacti.
– Humidity Level for Optimal Health
Echinopsis subdenudata prefers a higher amount of humidity than many plants in the cactus family. This is because the plant grows in higher elevations that are washed with moist, warm air.
Your Easter lily cactus grows best when humidity levels are above 30 percent and below 70 percent. These are the typical conditions inside your home, so you shouldn’t have humidity troubles if you grow Echinopsis subdenudata indoors.
– Potting Mix for Echinopsis Subdenudata
It is common to purchase young echinopsis cacti that are growing in less-than-ideal soil. Many companies will ship plants with a dense soil mix to prevent shifting while in transport.
If your Echinopsis subdenudata is in a little pot that doesn’t drain very well, you will want to replace the potting mix. The primary thing you must remember with these plants is that they need fast-draining soil that doesn’t accumulate moisture.
Commercial cacti and succulent potting mixes make a good choice for Echinopsis subdenudata. These products typically contain a large percentage of sand and other elements to speed up drainage. You can make your own potting mix at home and save money when you are planting lots of cactus and succulent plants.
A good DIY cacti mix starts with equal parts coarse sand and potting mix. Don’t use garden soil or topsoil because these products will hold too much water for your cactus. Adding one part perlite can provide the airiness and drainage that your cactus needs. Other things you can add include pumice and small pebbles to improve the chance roots will grow strong.
– Choosing the Right Pot and When to Repot
Your pot choice will make a big difference in the long-term health of your Echinopsis subdenudata. You want to find a pot that provides as much drainage as possible. One of the worst things you can do is plant these cacti in a pot with poor drainage holes. Water will accumulate in the bottom of the pot, which can be lethal to the plant.
The size of the pot isn’t that critical. This cactus does not grow tall, so you won’t need to worry about getting a heavy pot to keep it stable. Root growth from Echinopsis subdenudata plants is slow and small. Choosing a large pot is unnecessary unless you decide to plant similar cacti or succulents alongside Echinopsis subdenudata.
Repotting is seldom necessary. These plants will happily grow in 6 to 8-inch terra cotta pots and won’t need more space than that. You should plan on replacing the potting mix in your pot at least once every two years. This improves nutrient access and keeps the soil clean and fresh.
– Fertilizer Choices
Nutrient requirements for cacti are somewhat different than most plants. Providing your cactus with fertilizer can improve growth and encourage blooming. This is a cactus with large white flowers that grow on stalks. Cactus with flowers benefit from a weak fertilizer.
You can buy a commercial fertilizer made for cactus or use any regular fertilizer for houseplants. The best choices are low in nitrogen or balanced. Look for 5-10-10 or 10-10-10 fertilizers and dilute to one-quarter strength.
A mature plant will sprout new growth at the soil level. This growth looks like a miniature cactus and is called a pup. Using a sharp, sterile knife, carefully cut the pups from the mother.
Lay them on a plate to dry for a few days. When the cut has scabbed over, you can put the pups cut-down in cactus potting mix. Do not water for a few weeks. If you water the cutting, it will absorb the water and not grow roots. It may also rot. Roots should form in a few weeks.
Echinopsis subdenudata is a great plant for people who don’t like fussy gardening. Most pests avoid cactus. You may see mites or even aphids, but these rarely cause problems for your cactus. There are also few diseases that are a common problem.
The most frequent issue you can expect is the result of overwatering and poorly draining soil. Cacti are highly susceptible to rot, a fungal infection that is associated with too much water. In the very earliest stages, you may notice yellowing of the cactus near the soil line.
As the disease progresses, the cactus will look like an insufficiently aired balloon. At this point, it is most likely too late to save your plant. If you happen to catch rot quickly, you’ll want to trim off any areas that are showing signs of a problem. If the middle of the cactus looks dark brown or black, the rot has infected the main body of the plant, and it will not survive. Discard the plant and the soil to prevent cross-contamination.
You can prevent rot by ensuring that your potting mix drains very well and doesn’t retain water. You should only water the plant once or twice a week. It isn’t necessary to flood the pot as you do with most plants. Cacti grow roots just below the surface — too much water can cause rot.
Another common problem is too much exposure to light. If you notice your plant fading to a yellow or orange color, it is getting too much direct sun. Sunburn will make the surface look wrinkly, and you’ll likely see areas that turn red. You should remove the plant to lower light conditions if you notice a change in color.
- Echinopsis Subdenudata is a cactus from South America that is a popular houseplant
- It is known for the large white flowers it develops in the summer
- This plant prefers bright, indirect to full sun, warm temperatures, and minimal watering
- A cactus potting mix and mild fertilizer improve growth and blooming
- Propagate when the mother grows pups
- Rot from overwatering and bleaching from too much sun are the main problems
Echinopsis subdenudata is a fun and unique species to add to your cactus and succulent collection. The small stature makes this an adorable plant that pairs well with other hedgehog cactus varieties, and it makes an ideal desktop plant for your office.
It has straightforward care requirements that make it a good choice for novice cactus gardeners, busy people, and anyone who wants a low-care plant.
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