Floating water plants improve more than just the aesthetics of your fish tank. These aquatic plants can offer your aquarium and its occupant several advantages, including more consistent water quality, a quick snack, and easier tank maintenance.
The Floating plants come from a wide variety of species. Today, we are breaking down the top ten floating water plants you need!
List of Floating Water Plants
You will find below the floating water plants that are aesthetically pleasing and easy to take care of:
Duckweed is an excellent floating pond plant that maintains low ammonia and nitrate levels in a tank. This is because it consumes all the nutrients and toxins that could kill the fish. This plant would grow rapidly and provides an extraordinary spectacle in the tank because it always has little low roots along the aquarium’s surface.
Duckweeds are also great for bigger fish that like to eat them. It provides food for them when you are on holiday or cannot feed your fish on time. Note that if you have Betta fish in your tank they are the fish that love it since they can skulk around among the small hanging roots and under the tiny bright-green leaves thanks to their nano-size.
These plants don’t need any special care, and they can grow in both soft and hard water, as well as in settings of low and high light. Nonetheless, keep in mind that it’s more difficult to stop the growth of duckweed than it is to do nothing and let it happen naturally.
2. Brazilian Penny Wort
These are unique pond plants, as they do excellent coverage, and are slow-growing floating plants that will levitate beautifully on top of your aquarium.
Another reason why this pond plant is a fantastic addition to your collection is because of its easygoing characteristics. Brazilian Penny Wort does not need any special water needs or even carbon dioxide. You would love it because it is quite the perfect floating plant for beginners trying to start.
Note that this plant that floats on the water enjoys light but can survive on medium to low lighting features. Because the stems of this plant are robust, flexible, and vine-like, check to see if they are unbroken, limp, or brown.
Brazilian pennywort roots, found under the stem joints, are fine-textured and white-ish in color. If sources are put in the substrate, they may even resemble bean sprouts.
Brazilian Pennywort might not be wise as aquarium plants for tanks only if the tank contains hardy fish like goldfish or cichlids. It is essential to verify with the store clerk before purchasing if there are compatibility concerns.
3. Rotala Rotundifolia
Originating from South-East Asia, the Rotala Rotundifolia is a unique variety of floating water plants that make great additions to your aquariums. These pond plants slowly grow and start marching out of the tank. They are excellent plants and do not require any special water, in other words, there is no unique acidity requirement.
It forms clusters of waxy leaves with a beautiful reddish-green color. Rotala Rotundifolia produces aerial roots that adhere and intertwine effortlessly, and its stems behave like stolons by bending downward to spread.
Note that blossoming only happens on aerial or emergent plant tips, these pond plants also develop points of tiny pink-colored flowers that grow at the top of the stems.
Even though the Rotundifolia can survive a wide variety of temperatures, tropical aquariums with temperatures that vary between 68 and 82 degrees Fahrenheit are ideal for it; however, it can resist quite cool temperatures just as well.
Aquarium plants that can thrive in medium light include Rotala Rotundifolia. However, for optimal growth and to display its natural colors, it requires a somewhat high light condition. It will value the 35 to 50 PAR that full spectrum lights deliver.
4. Amazon Frogbit
Amazon frogbit is one of the perfect floating pond plants. It is a perennial aquatic plant native to Central and South America that grows quickly, reproduces, and resembles giant duckweed or Lemna minor. Although leaves would typically float on the surface of the water, they occasionally become emergent in densely packed plants.
You can find various Amazon Frogbits in fishponds, aquariums, and water features. This aquatic invasive plant clogs up streams with its presence. Large, dense runners can arise, and adult plants can grow quickly. Additionally, it may obstruct irrigation systems and streams, reducing recreational opportunities.
Although this plant is relatively simple to maintain, there are a few measures that must be followed to make sure it grows successfully. Making sure that the plant’s top is always dry is the most crucial part of taking care of it.
This plant’s tops will start to rot if they remain damp for a long time. The latter means that you must take into consideration what must be given while adding to a tank’s water supply or when a filter splashes up into the tank.
The Amazon Frogbit floating plants would typically sit close to the lighting. Thus, illumination isn’t as big of an issue for it. It functions best when exposed to moderate to intense lighting. Although some people have recently claimed success with LED lights, full-spectrum T5 or T8 bulbs should be utilized in all lighting applications.
5. Java Moss
Java moss is another top pick of the best floating plant species for beginning aquarists and is perfect for an aquarium with small fish and shrimp colonies.
It requires less maintenance and is adequately adaptable for different tank placements. These plants can be placed on aquarium walls, floated on the water’s surface, tied to driftwood, or spread out like a green carpet.
These mosses are bryophytes that grow densely and in various green hues. They are hairy and have numerous little, delicate stems. The plant is well-liked by aquarists due to its low maintenance requirements, advantages for aquascaping, and affordability.
This Java is a robust plant that thrives in most types of water. They don’t require specialized nutrition or certain water conditions, and they don’t overgrow the tank, making them simple to care for.
The Java moss can be encouraged to grow more quickly than usual by adding fertilizer and carbon dioxide. However, if the moss is living with fish, these extra nutrients are not required, and if the plant is overfed, hair algae are likely to form.
6. Red Root
The Red Root Floater is a welcome variation in a flourishing aquarium ecosystem because most floating aquatic plants are green. This variety of floating plants is simple to maintain and has leaves that are green in low light and become deep red in higher light levels, in addition, it thrives in fresh water. No of the illumination, the roots stay red, giving rise to the moniker.
As mentioned, care for Red Root Floater is quite simple. It can flourish between low and high lighting levels and a fairly wide pH range. According to reports, its only significant special requirement is that it struggles with intense surface agitation.
The ideal place or water surface for keeping it is a calm water flow. It will grow rapidly under these circumstances and contribute significantly to denitrification and oxygenation. It is crucial in aquariums with low water flow, and remember that it doesn’t need extra carbon dioxide added to it.
Generally, note that the red leaves in intense lighting provide shade in certain aquarium regions Extremely resilient and robust in low water flow.
7. Floating Fern
This floating plant is perfect for aquariums that don’t require as high of a water temperature. It is a species of fast-growing plant that is ideal for fish communities because the fish have enormous stomachs and similarly productive excrement.
They don’t require adding carbon dioxide to the water and do best in low-flow conditions. On the other hand, another distinguishing feature that sets floating ferns apart from the majority of other ferns we recommend as aquarium plants is their preference for PH.
Floating Fern thrives in neutral settings, unlike most ferns, which prefer more acidic situations. As a result, the ideal range for water characteristics will be between 6.5 and 7.5 PH.
This water Fern is another super easy plant to grow. It will spread most effectively when a mass is divided into discrete clumps. Disperse the smaller fern pieces so that reformation might colonize them.
This fern spreads so quickly that it hardly takes time to establish itself. Please keep it in a container with standing or slowly moving water and good lighting to promote growth. Trim down and eliminate excess portions after becoming accustomed.
8. Salvinia Cucullata
Floating ferns called Salvinia Cucullata have hood-like leaves. Your aquarium fish won’t jump out of the tank with the Cucullata being on top of their tank as it acts as a barrier Additionally, it improves their level of comfort inside the tank.
While this type of floating plant may be less popular amongst aquarium enthusiasts because of its low visibility, it does have an essential role in filtering the water and protecting your fish. However, one thing you must take into account is that the Salvinia does an excellent job at reducing the growths of algae in the tank.
Another excellent feature this pond plant has is its ability to filter nutrients like other floating plants. Nonetheless, it does this without stealing any spotlight because of how invisible it is.
Are you sick and weary of your aquarium fish jumping out? Well, you’re not alone. Jumping fish can be an issue, mainly if a lid does not cover the tank. Your fish won’t be able to escape the aquarium if Salvinia Cucullata is inside your aquarium.
Overall, Salvinia Cucullata only thrives in warm, slowly flowing waters, which you should be aware of if you wish to adjust the water’s wave-making machine. You should introduce your Salvinia Cucullata in a tank with little to no surface water movement in order to prevent issues.
9. Water Sprite
Water Sprite is an excellent variety of floating plants because you can grow it in the substrate, and it does well at floating too. They are super low maintenance and require minimal care or effort. They do not need fertilizer or special lighting features.
Many people enjoy keeping their Sprite plants in low lighting, and it seems to thrive pretty well. Water Sprite’s leaves resemble those of Water Wysteria except that they are slightly thinner and less broad.
When buying these plants, choose Water Sprite varieties that appear healthy, and have a lot of leaf blades, strong stems, and enough root systems. Water Sprite leaves in good health are thin, fern-like, light green in color, and free of tears, cracks, rips, and holes.
Despite being slightly darker than the leaves, stems are still on the lighter side of the green. The stems should be strong enough to hold the entire plant erect, whether it is planted or in a plastic container. The length and number of plant roots should be as great as feasible.
These floater plants swiftly develop adventitious plantlets that scurry away from the parent plant. When the time is ripe, these plantlets will establish root systems, separate from the mother plant, and survive on their own.
Taking a clipped stem with a decent number of leaves and lowering it back into the water is another approach to propagating these plants. The cut stems should develop roots and live as a new floating plant in a few days.
These floating water plants are the ideal aesthetics to add to your water tank today. You can learn all about the differences each variety offers and consider which plant suits your needs best.
Consider the water requirements and then make use of the plant that would float on the surface of the water which is best for you!
With so many types available with so many variations, anyone can find their perfect plant! Now the question would be, have you chosen which plant to grow on the surface of the water that you wish?