Fruits that grow on vines are fruit-bearing plants that produce edible fruits. Edible vine fruits do not occupy too much space, considering that you can train them to grow up a trellis or fence.
This article will enlighten you on what you should know about these fruit plants. Before you start cultivating your garden, saturate yourself with the important information you need by reading this guide.
|Vining Fruits||Why You Should Choose Them|
|Grapes||Grapes can be used to make wine, jelly and juices.|
|Passion Fruits||There are over 40 varieties of passion fruits including banana, panama red and panama gold.|
|Raspberries||Raspberries can be grown directly from bare roots to become a full plant.|
|Blackberries||You can train your blackberries to grow along a fence, wire or trellis.|
|Kiwi||Kiwi plants produce small fruits that have brown skin and sweet flesh.|
|Melons||Melons have a sweet, edible and fleshy fruit that comes in many varieties.|
|Pumpkins||Pumpkins exist in different varieties and can be used in a lot of dishes.|
|Strawberries||Strawberries are characteristically bright red and sweet to taste.|
|Blueberries||Blueberries are small, sweet and can be added in a lot of dessert dishes.|
|Cucumbers||Cucumbers can grow large, producing a long and crunchy fruit.|
- What Fruits Grow On Vines?
- Types of Trellis
- Advantage of Trellising
- How To Grow Fruit on Vines
- Taking Care of Fruit on the Vine
- Why Grow Fruits on Vines?
- Side Effects
What Fruits Grow On Vines?
Some examples of vining fruits include grapes, passion fruits, raspberries and kiwi fruits, which all carry highly nutritious components and are very delicious in taste. They are easy and inexpensive to grow, even in a limited space.
Mostly we think that growing fruits require much space, but this is not the case with fruits that grow in vines. Most of the vining fruits are perennial and favor warm and sunlight-exposed climates.
Fruits in vines require pruning and trellising to produce high-quality products. Trellising them is helpful as it makes it possible to grow these plants even in limited spaces. Here are some of the vine fruits that you need to know about.
Grapes are vining fruits in the Vitaceae family that produce green fruits that become reddish when they ripen. Training for trellising grape plants is necessary because they can spread up to 17 meters on the ground and cover a lot of space. Grapes produce greenish flowers that precede to form a more or less globular juicy and fleshy fruit.
Grapes are used for making wine, jelly and juices. They take up to three years from planting for them to bear the delicious fruits.
– Passion Fruits
There are over 40 varieties of passion fruits, including banana, panama red and panama gold. Some varieties are cold-tolerant, but most are just like other vining fruits. Try to shield them from strong winds because their stems are relatively weak. The best time for planting passion fruits is during the spring.
Unlike grapes, passions fruits produce fruits faster. Within about 12 to 18 months from planting, your passion fruit will be ready for consumption.
Raspberries are edible vine plants that belong to the Rose family. They consist of many varieties which include black, purple and golden raspberries, but the red one is the most common. They come in two groups, which are the summer fruiting and fall fruiting. Raspberries can be grown directly from bare roots to become a full plant.
Blackberries are edible fruits in the Rosaceae family. They do best in well-drained, sandy soils with a pH that is around 6. Blackberries require good soil aeration and produce fruits after two years from the time of planting.
You can train your blackberries to grow along a fence, wire or trellis. These vine fruits require regular pruning for quality growth and timely production of healthy fruits.
Kiwi plants produce small fruits that have brown skin and sweet flesh. These fruits are much larger than grapes. They are dioecious, meaning that the male and female plants grow separately.
Melons are vining fruits in the Cucurbitaceae family. They have a sweet, edible and fleshy fruit that comes in many varieties. Melons require large amounts of water, so you should keep their soil wet. As the fruit matures, reduce watering frequencies.
Just like melons, pumpkins exist in different varieties as well. They can be grown on a hard and strong trellis that can hold the weight of the pumpkin fruit. This orange fruit that grows on a vine matures in a short period depending on the variety. However, four to six months is usually enough for the fruit to grow and mature.
Strawberries are vine fruits that creep on the ground. If you have little space around and you still want to grow this fruit, a trellis would help. Their maturity depends on their variety, and they grow best in sandy loam soils that are rich in organic manure. These popular fruits are characteristically bright red and sweet to taste.
Blueberries favor full sun exposure and growth in acidic soils. Like most vine plants, blueberries can be grown on a trellis and in a limited space. Water the plant weekly from planting until harvesting. These fruits are small, sweet and can be added in a lot of dessert dishes.
Cucumbers are rapid growers that belong to the same family as melons and squash. Cucumbers can grow large, producing a long and crunchy fruit. These fruits require controlled amounts of water. Also, they thrive well in climates where they are exposed to the full sun.
Types of Trellis
A trellis is a support system that is required by some plants, especially vines, so that it lifts them away from the ground. There are many types of trellis that you can consider using when you are growing vines that bear fruit. Let’s explore some of these types of trellis in this section.
Teepees are made from trees such as bamboo, which is the most commonly used. This type of trellis is suitable for different vine fruits which include fruits like strawberries.
You can craft some fences into a cage. This strategy builds a flexible trellis for vine fruits. It can be decorated in any design which holds your vining fruits as desired.
Arbors look attractive, especially when placed on entryways. They can be designed from plastic, metal or wood, depending on the type of vine to be trellised. Wooden arbors are mostly used for flowers.
Advantage of Trellising
Trellising comes with great advantages to vining fruits. It has a part in creating a healthier plant for better harvests. Insects usually attack fruits that are on the ground rather than climb up a trellis, fence or arbor.
How To Grow Fruit on Vines
Most of the vines that bear fruit are grown from either seeds or cuttings from the plant. They all favor full sunlight exposure and require water for them to grow healthy and happy.
Pruning is essential as it allows the plant to grow tall. Pruning your plants also helps to reduce the competition for nutrients that comes with keeping unproductive parts.
– Growing From Seeds
Dig a hole of about 12 to 20 inches in depth. Depending on seed size, plant dry seeds and cover them with wet soil. The smaller the seed, the more of them you can put in one hole. Keep the ground wet until the plant emerges from the ground.
To increase the germination chances of your vine plant, put your seed in a germination chamber or small flowerpot with air, water and a favorable temperature of about 95 F. After germination of the plant, you can then transplant the seedling to the correct positing.
– Growing From Cuttings
Cut a short shoot stem from another vining fruit. Dig a hole measuring 9 to 12 inches and place the stem in the ground. Cover it with soil and water the area. The stem will produce roots underground and shoots above the soil.
Taking Care of Fruit on the Vine
Vining fruits need a lot of care for them to produce high-quality fruits in large numbers. They need enough water depending on the type of fruit and its variety for their smooth growth.
Mulching is essential on vining crops as it helps them to retain moisture. You can mulch using wood shavings, hay, bark mulch or any other organic mulch of your choice.
Vines may need the extra provision of nutrients. To cater to this, consider applying fertilizers that are relevant to each type of vining fruit. Since vining fruits produce flowers, they can attract some pests and insects. Herbicides like Lambda can be used to protect the plant and fruit from pest damage.
Like all other crops, weeding is of paramount importance in a vineyard because this reduces the competition for nutrients between your vines and the weeds.
Why Grow Fruits on Vines?
In most instances, the key reason why we grow fruits in vines is because of limited space. It may be difficult to create space for fruits in a small yard. This enables you to grow vining fruits vertically, including heavy fruits like watermelons and pumpkins, as long as they are steadily supported.
Some of the products from vining fruits are pure juices and wines. Most of these fruits are rich in nutrients that may be very essential to your health. However, some fruits like pumpkins cannot produce juice. Some of the green fruit that grows on vines like cucumbers have edible leaves which are very nutritious.
– Red Wine
The most common wine made from vining fruits is red wine, which is made specifically from red grapes. The healthy effects of red wine are evident when the wine is consumed moderately.
One glass of red wine per day for females and two glasses for males is the moderate consumption. It helps in dissolving excess cholesterol in the blood, thereby reducing the chances of suffering from coronary heart disease.
Red wine helps type two diabetic patients as it plays a crucial role in metabolizing glucose. It prevents vision loss by reducing inflammation and oxidative stress that might affect ocular lenses. Some researches show that red wine even reduces the risks of certain cancers.
Excessive consumption of vining fruits and their products may have negative implications on a person’s health. Some of the side effects of eating too many vine fruits include stomach upset, nausea, vomiting, sore throat and muscular problems. It is also possible that some people might be allergic to vine fruits, especially grapes.
This article unpacked the vast library of fruits that grow on vines. Here is a quick summary of what we learned from the article above:
- Some fruits that can be grown on vines include grapes, strawberries, passion fruits and melons.
- Fruits on the vine are highly nutritious, and they can also be used in decorating entryways and pathways depending on the design of the trellis.
- Growing fruit on vines saves space when you have a small yard or limited space.
- Most vining fruits are perennial and grow best in full sun exposure and warm climates
- Trellising is common in fruit bearing vine as it facilitates the effective usage of limited space, protects the plant from insect damage, and prevents diseases from the ground.
It’s time to incorporate the practical aspects of the theoretical concepts that you learned today. Try to plant vining fruits today and enjoy the experience of caring for your orchard!
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