Growing bell peppers in pots can be a rewarding experience, regardless if you’re a seasoned gardener or a beginner. They add color to your garden or balcony and are versatile and healthy to your diet. With minimal effort and care, you can quickly grow your peppers in pots, even with limited space.

Growing Bell Peppers in Pots

This extensive guide will take you through everything you need to know to grow peppers successfully in pots, from selecting the right pot and soil to caring for your plants and troubleshooting common problems.

How To Grow Beautiful Bell Peppers in Pots?

To grow beautiful bell peppers in pots, choose the right container, select the right potting soil, sow the seeds, provide adequate care, prune, and harvest your bell peppers when they’re ready! Planting peppers in pots is an easy and enjoyable way to have fresh produce at your fingertips.

1. Choosing the Right Container

Choosing the right container size for bell peppers is the first step in planting bell peppers in pots. Peppers require space for their roots to spread, so pick a pot with a minimum diameter of 12 inches. Although a young pepper plant may initially seem modest in such a huge pot, it will eventually fill the space.

To guarantee proper drainage, buy a pot with holes on the bottom or drill your own. Instead of terra cotta, which dries out quickly, use a plastic or metal container, especially since peppers need continually moist soil.

2. Selecting the Right Potting Soil

Bell pepper start seeds need well-draining soil with a pH between 6.0 to 7.0. You can use a potting mix specifically prepared for vegetables or make your own by combining equal portions of peat moss, vermiculite, and perlite.

For your peppers, use a seed starting or potting mix. They drain considerably better than garden soil, which is essential for avoiding waterlogging peppers.

Bell Peppers Ideal Potting Soil

Look for a natural, organic potting mix, as these are made especially for pots and contain added nutrients. The plant roots will receive aeration and vital nutrients from a proper potting mix, which will also retain moisture.

3. Sowing Seeds or Transplanting Seedlings

You can start growing bell peppers in pots from seeds or transplant seedlings into the container. Start by planting bell pepper seeds in the soil and shelter them with a thin layer of soil if you plan to grow them in containers. Make a hole in the soil for transplants and gently take out the plant from its container before placing it in the spot. You can follow the same step while growing bell peppers in grow bags.

4. Ensuring Adequate Plant Spacing

While developing young plants, plant spacing is essential because overcrowding can result in poor development and poorer yields. Bell pepper plants should be spaced at least 18-24 inches apart to allow for adequate air circulation and sunlight.

Ensuring Adequate Plant Spacing

If you are growing multiple plants in a pot, ensure it is large enough to accommodate the plants without crowding them.

5. Watering the Plants

How often to water bell pepper plants in pots? Watering is crucial when you plant peppers as this ensures their growth. Water them regularly, especially during hot weather, and ensure that the soil remains wet but not soggy.

Check the soil moisture by putting your finger 1 inch into the soil. If it feels dry, it’s time to water. This is equally important for growing pepper seeds indoors to make your vegetable garden. Avoiding soggy soil when growing bell peppers from seed is important to prevent them from rotting instead of sprouting.

6. Providing Adequate Light

Peppers need at least 6 hours of sunlight daily, so choose a location with plenty of direct sunlight. While planting sweet peppers, you can use grow lights if you don’t have access to direct sunshine, especially if you’re growing bell peppers in pots indoors.

7. Fertilizing the Plants

Fertilizing peppers in containers every two weeks with an even fertilizer high in phosphorus and potassium but low in nitrogen is recommended. Pepper plants require frequent fertilization, and you should do it every 15 days. Keep in mind that too much nitrogen-rich fertilizer can encourage the growth of foliage when fertilizing.

Fertilizing Bell Pepper Plants

The plant can also be fed with tomato fertilizer, compost or manure tea once a month as well. To promote health and boost the production of tomato and pepper plants, you can add Epsom salt (2 teaspoons/gallon of water) at the time of watering. You may also spray the plants with this solution. However, take care that over-fertilizing can lead to excessive foliage growth and less fruit production.

8. Managing Pests and Diseases

Peppers can be susceptible to bell pepper pests and diseases like aphids, spider mites, and blossom end rot. Inspect your plants regularly and take action immediately if you find any indications of infestation or disease.

Pest control is essential while bell peppers grow, as they are quite vulnerable. These pests can damage the leaves and fruit and kill the plant if left unchecked. To control pests, insecticidal soap or neem oil is beneficial. These organic methods are safe for the plant and the environment.

Blossom end rot can be avoided by putting calcium in the soil. Following these simple plant care steps, you can grow bell peppers from seed and enjoy fresh, flavorful produce at home.

9. Pruning Bell Pepper Plants

Pruning is essential when you grow bell peppers, as it helps promote healthy growth and increase yields. Pruning involves removing the suckers that grow at the base of the plant and any damaged or diseased leaves. This allows the plants to grow rapidly and focus their energy on producing fruit rather than growing new leaves.

Deadhead the blooms if your pepper plant is blooming too early. The plant’s energy will then be directed toward developing and maintaining health. If you want to hasten the maturation of pepper fruits already growing on the plant, you can also stop the development of new fruits by clipping off emerging blooms.

10. Harvesting

After transplantation, bell peppers are available for harvesting 60 to 90 days later. You can harvest them green when they reach their full size and remain solid. The color will turn orange, yellow, or red if allowed to ripen.

Harvesting Method of Bell Pepper

Harvesting peppers at the right time ensures the best flavor and texture. The color of the pepper varies based on the pepper variety, but it should be bright and even. To harvest bell peppers, use a pair of garden scissors or a sharp knife to cut the stem cleanly.


Planting pepper plants in pots is an excellent way to have fresh produce at your fingertips. It is easy and enjoyable, and anyone can do it with a little effort and care. You can follow the gardening tips discussed in this article that are:

  • Choosing the correct container and selecting suitable soil.
  • Sowing seeds or transplanting seedlings.
  • Providing adequate light and watering the plants regularly.
  • Fertilizing plants and managing pests and diseases.
  • Mini Belle peppers, Lipstick peppers, California Wonder peppers, and Chocolate Beauty peppers are some of the best peppers to grow in containers.

You can enjoy fresh, flavorful produce right at home by following these simple steps, so good luck growing tasty bell peppers.

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