Growing herbs from seeds can seem daunting at first, but it can be a rewarding and fulfilling experience with the proper guidance and patience. By growing your herbs, you’ll not only have access to fresh and flavorful ingredients for cooking, but you’ll also be able to enjoy the natural beauty and fragrance of these versatile plants.

Growing Herbs From Seeds

This beginner’s guide will discuss the basics of growing herbs, so read on!

How To Start Growing Aromatic Herbs From Seeds?

To start growing aromatic herbs from seeds, it is essential to practice the basics like gathering the right tools, choosing the right location, preparing the soil, watering, and caring for them. This activity is cost-effective and provides fresh, flavorful herbs that you can use in cooking or for medicinal purposes.

1. Gather Your Materials

You will need to gather all the necessary materials to plant seeds. These include grains, planting pots, high-quality soil, plant labels, a watering can, and a spray bottle. On Day 1, you will need everything except the grow lights. After the seeds sprout, the lights will be needed (about seven days for most herbs). Make sure you have everything ready before starting.

2. Choose the Right Location and Medium

Before planting your seeds, select the location where your plants will thrive. Herbs need plenty of sunlight, so choose a sunny spot in your home or garden. For growing dwarf and compact herb types, such as globe basil, small containers (4 to 6 inches) are appropriate. You can also plant seeds of larger-growing types.

However, you don’t have to wait for them to fully mature before using them (such as parsley or cilantro). When adding an ingredient to your dish, just cut a few leaves.

3. Prepare the Soil

The next step is to prepare the soil. Herbs grow best in well-drained soil with plenty of organic matter. If you’re planting culinary herbs in pots, choose a starting mix formulated explicitly for herbs. Enriches the soil with compost to improve drainage and add nutrients if planting in the ground.

Aromatic Herbs Soil Composition

Herbs thrive best in well-draining soil that is rich in nutrients. Fill your planting pots with high-quality potting soil and moisten it. Avoid using garden soil or topsoil as they may contain diseases and pests that can harm your plants.

When starting your herbs from seed, choosing the growing medium is an important step. Knowing the differences is crucial, particularly if you are beginning herbs from seed. There are various types of soil used for various purposes.

How to grow herbs from seeds outdoors? For outdoor pots, you can use either potting soil or potting mix. Be aware that the amount of compost or perlite in the bag often distinguishes potting soil from the potting mix. For indoor or smaller-sized pots, a lighter mixture should be utilized, but for larger containers, the potting soil can be heavier.

When your herbs are sturdy enough, put them in garden soil outside. If required, this can be bought in the garden center. You may also mix it with the soil or dirt on the ground to make it better. Always leave plain old ground dirt where it belongs—in the ground. Put it in pots but don’t bring it indoors.

4. Plant the Seeds

Now it’s time to start seeds. Fill your planting pots with soil up to an inch below the rim. Then, sprinkle your seeds on the soil’s top and cover them lightly with more soil. Once you’ve prepared the soil, it’s time to plant seeds.

Follow the guidelines on the seed packet for the recommended planting depth and spacing. Generally, you’ll want to plant seeds at a depth of 1/4 to 1/2 inch. If you have seeds that need to be sown shallowly (such as 1/4 or 1/8 deep), plant them first, then water them.

Water has two effects. The seed’s tough shell is first made softer. The seed should then make good contact with the earth, which is helpful. The seed must be “waked up” to sprout, accomplished through moist contact with the soil and solar heat.

5. Water Your Seeds

After planting the seeds, water them gently using a watering can. Be careful not to disturb the seeds or soil. Use a spray bottle to spray the soil to keep it moist without drowning the seeds. Ensure the soil doesn’t dry out completely, which can hinder germination.

6. Label Your Pots

Labeling your pots with the names of the easy herbs you planted and the date you planted them is important. This will facilitate you to keep track of the different herbs and when to harvest them.

7. Provide Proper Care

Once your seeds sprout, they need proper care to grow into healthy plants. Herbs need plenty of sunlight and regular watering. Ensure the soil is evenly moist but not too wet, and provide adequate drainage. You can also fertilize your plants with a natural herb fertilizer to promote growth.

8. Stake Your Herbs During the Growing Cycle

Some herbs will grow so quickly that they need to be staked. Feel free to prune the herb plant back if its bushes appear out of control. Herb plants must be regularly pruned. If your pets and pests don’t do it for you, you’ll need to do it yourself.

9. Harvest Your Herbs

Once your plants have matured, it’s time to harvest your herbs. You can use them fresh or dry them for later use. Always harvest herbs in the morning after the dew has dried and before the day’s heat. Cut the stems and leaves above a set of leaves, and use them immediately or store them properly.

Once your herbs have matured, it’s time to start harvesting them. Most herb plants like lemon balm are ready to harvest when they’re about 6 to 8 inches tall. Use scissors or pruning shears to cut off the top few inches of the plant. Be sure that some leaves remain on the plant so that it can continue to grow.

How To Start Growing Herbs From Seeds Indoors?

To start growing herbs from seeds indoors, the first step is to select the right herbs. Choose the right-sized containers, prepare the soil, plant seeds, provide adequate water and ideal indoor conditions, and remember to care for and monitor the plant. Herbs can easily survive indoors if cared for properly.

1. Selecting the Right Herbs

The first step to planting seeds indoors is selecting the right herbs. Some are the most convenient herbs to grow, and some require more sunlight than others.

Selecting the Right Herbs

Here are some easiest herbs to grow from seed:

  • Basil
  • Chives
  • Cilantro
  • Dill
  • Mint
  • Oregano
  • Parsley
  • Rosemary
  • Sage
  • Thyme

2. Choosing the Right Containers

Once you have selected the herbs you want to grow, the next step is to choose the proper containers. Herbs can be grown in almost anything holding soil that has drainage holes. Some of the best choices include:

  • Seedling trays
  • Plastic pots
  • Terracotta pots
  • Grow bags
  • Recycled containers

3. Preparing the Soil

The next step is to prepare the soil. You can buy seed starting mix from a garden center or create your own by adding equal proportions of peat moss, vermiculite, and perlite. Fill your containers with the soil, leaving a little space at the top.

You might wonder how to grow herbs from seeds in pots. Let us tell you that indoor gardening is almost the same as outdoors. You have to be cautious with growing conditions. By following good gardening tips, you can easily ace the process!

4. Planting the Seeds

Start herbs according to the instructions on the seed packet. Generally, the seeds should be planted twice as deep as their width. Make sure to space them out evenly and cover them with soil.

For raising herbs from seed indoors, a seed starting mix is created. As your herbs reach a particular age, you can either transplant them or use a mix for pots or other indoor containers if you want to keep your herbs growing indoors.

5. Indoor Watering and Lighting

After planting the seeds, water them gently to avoid displacing them. Keep the containers in a warm and bright spot. Herbs need at least six hours of direct sunlight daily, so consider placing them near a south-facing window.

You can also grow herbs indoors with artificial light. While metal or plastic planters will keep the soil damp slightly longer, terra cotta pots allow the soil to dry quickly. For these kinds of planters, regular potting soil works great. You can use grow lights for a sunny windowsill with enough sunlight.

6. Caring for the Herbs

Keep the soil moist but not waterlogged. Water the herbs when the soil feels dry to the touch. You can also mist them with water to keep the leaves from drying out. Once the herbs have germinated, you can start fertilizing them with a balanced fertilizer.

Caring for the Herbs

Herbs grown from seeds have incredibly robust root systems, and their above-ground development can be regulated. Later staking may be required, so be prepared to support the “trunk” by driving the stake close to the plant’s main stem.

7. Preserving the Herbs

Herbs can be cut when blossom buds begin to emerge. Remove between 3 and 6 inches of the plant, leaving roughly a third to regenerate for upcoming harvests. Herbs should be rinsed in cool water, dried with a towel, and placed in a plastic bag in the fridge.

A few stems of herbs can be placed in a plastic bag and frozen. Or, cut some and freeze them in ice cube trays with a little water. To add garden-fresh flavor to your soup, stew, or sauce, pop out a cube as you prepare it. After tying a few sprigs together, herbs can also be dried upside-down in a cool, dark place, such as a closet or basement storage area.

Growing herbs from seed indoors in winter can be a delightful experience. Just make sure to use strong enough grow lights to ensure the plants develop properly.

How To Select the Right Seeds for Growing Herbs?

To select the right seeds for growing herbs, check for the growing climate of each seed, maturity period, quality of seeds, soil pH, and type, and research the growth pattern of the herb. Herb growing from seeds is an enjoyable and rewarding experience.

1. Check the Growing Climate for Different Seeds

Different herbs thrive in different climates, and it’s essential to consider the weather conditions of your area before choosing herb seeds. Some herbs, like basil and oregano, prefer warm weather, while others, like chives and parsley seeds, prefer cooler temperatures.

Additionally, you’ll want to select appropriate seeds for the current season, as some herbs grow better in certain seasons than others.

Herbs that are hard to grow from seed include bay leaf, white sage, aromatic mints, and lavender. You might want to get seedlings of these instead of trying to grow them from seeds.

2. Check the Maturity Date

Seeds have a shelf life, and checking the maturity date before purchasing seeds is essential. Maturity dates can vary depending on the type of herb, and it’s crucial to select fresh seeds. Older seeds have a lower germination rate, and there’s a higher likelihood of failure to grow.

3. Verify the Quality of Seeds

Seed quality is an essential factor in determining successful herb growth. High-quality seeds are necessary to ensure that your herbs grow healthy and robust.

Verify the Quality of Seeds

Look for certified organic and non-GMO seeds, free from harmful chemicals and less likely to have genetic modifications that can impact the plant’s growth. Additionally, buying seeds from reputable companies will increase the chances of purchasing quality seeds.

4. Research the Growth Habit of the Herb

Before selecting seeds, research the growth habit of the herb. Some herbs, like basil, have a bushy growth habit, while others, like mint, have a spreading growth habit. Suppose you’re planting in a small garden or container; select herbs with a compact growth habit. Also, check what herbs need to be soaked before planting to make sure they germinate properly.

Growth habits pertain to the plant’s growth and development, as well as changes in the plant’s height, shape, and kind of growth. There are genetic elements as well as environmental factors that influence their growing habits.

5. Consider the Soil Type and pH Level

Different herbs require different soil types and pH levels for optimum growth. Knowing your garden’s soil type and pH level is essential before selecting herb seeds. For instance, basil thrives in well-draining soil with a pH of 6-7.

Most herbs require soil that is well-drained and has a pH range of 6.0 to 7.5. Avoid damp locations and dense clay soils while planting outdoors. Avoid using soils with a lot of nutrients.


Like vegetable gardening, growing herbs takes work, but the rewards are enormous, such as spending time outside and producing your own food. The article is a beginner’s guide on starting herbs from seeds, and the main points that were discussed are:

  • Follow the basics of planting seeds, including selecting the right seeds for your climate.
  • Consider the best soil type and pH levels for different herbs, and find the fast-growing herbs from seeds you can plant in your garden or indoor space.
  • Some popular herbs that are easy to grow from seeds include basil, cilantro, chives, dill, mint, oregano, and parsley.
  • To ensure a successful harvest, it is essential to consider various factors that affect seed selection, such as the climate, maturity date, quality of seeds, and the growth habit of the herb.

In conclusion, planting seeds is a fulfilling and enjoyable experience that can provide you with fresh and flavorful ingredients for cooking. With the proper guidance, patience, and knowledge, anyone can cultivate their herb garden and enjoy these versatile plants’ natural beauty and fragrance.

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