Hot pepper companion plants are a great way to get more value from your vegetable garden. Adding vegetables and fruits compatible with hot pepper plants will give many fresh edibles at home.

Hot Pepper Companion Plants

Companion planting is a great way to get more value out of your space, add variety to your garden, and grow more aesthetic or edible options from the comfort of your home.

They complement each other’s growth patterns, secure each other against natural pests and diseases and fill up unused empty gaps in your garden, so read this article and know all about them.

👩🏻‍🎓 Scientific Reference

“Pattern, distance, timing, and other factors contribute to the overall success of companion planting. These principles are complex and require skillful management.”Iowa State University Extension and Outreach

Best Hot Pepper Companion Plants

1. Corn

Corn is a good companion plant in a vegetable garden with hot peppers. In fact, most of the time, corn is cultivated alongside beans and squash.

Growing Corn on Field

Together, they are called The Three Sisters. These plants mutually benefit each other with their different properties and help each other grow.

– Characteristics

Corn is one of the best vegetables to grow. It is delicious, and it tastes even better when it is freshly harvested. However, the taste is not the only attraction to growing this plant.

Growing and cultivating corn in home gardens is surprisingly easy, making it a great option for beginners and veterans. Additionally, corn protects peppers from the disease Phytophthora as they disperse antimicrobial chemicals from their roots.

These hairy plants are tall with straight stalks. These stalks produce husked ears that house the corn itself. On the outside, most corn varieties look the same, but the differences show themselves once you look inside the ears. Corn can be of different colors, like white and yellow, but sometimes they are also bi-colored.

The different varieties of corn also give you options to choose the one best for you. Modern types have been developed to mature early compared to others. Although you get an early yield, their taste may not be as delectable compared to the other late-growing varieties.

The most commonly cultivated sweet corn is an annual plant that is planted in early spring. It continues to grow throughout the summer season. It takes about three months for it to be ready for harvesting. Although, the modern varieties can be prepared in two months.

– Growth Requirements

Corns prefer acidic to neutral soil that is well-draining but moist. It is a good idea to get the soil tested before planting them.

When you are cultivating some maize remember that they need its time under the full sun. This exposure will ensure the ears are filled with sweet-tasting corn and develop to their full potential. It requires at least six hours of sunlight on most days.

Regular watering is a good idea to achieve a plentiful harvest. But instead of watering the surface daily, it is better to do one session of deep watering. Another thing to keep in mind is to keep the area free of weeds that may take over the water and nutrients

2. Beans

As mentioned above, beans, corn, and squash are a group of vegetables that are often planted together because of the mutual benefits they provide to each other.

Green Leaves of Beans

Beans are one of the tastiest vegetables that often require a trellis fence to support their plants. These plants have long green pods that house the beans.

– Characteristics

Pole beans benefit significantly from the tall corn stalks as they act as the trellis support needed for the beans. In addition, squash plants produce mulch which is also beneficial for their growth. The benefit of the beans to the table is their ability to add nitrogen to the soil. So, beans, corn, squash, and hot pepper plants mutually benefit each other.

Heirloom pole beans are the tastiest among the pole beans and have a lot of different varieties. These varieties can be identified by their varying pod shapes ranging from long rounded pods to flattened pods. The many varieties are associated with different parts of the world in which they were developed.

– Characteristics

Pole beans need well-draining loamy soil that is slightly acidic in pH. Another thing to keep in mind is to remove any weeds in the ground, so they do not compete for nutrients and moisture.

It is also key to note that they would require about two months to mature and develop, and they cannot grow until the soil temperatures have risen to a considerable level. This can be a problem in areas where the growing season is not long enough. In those areas, you can plant them indoors a couple of weeks before the last frost and bring them outside in spring.

Beans need their time under the full sun. It will also allow the plant to be dry and avoid fungal diseases.

Moreover, these plants need moderate watering to grow to their fullest. Drip irrigation is the best method for beans as it will prevent any soil from splashing on the leaves, which can result in soil-borne diseases. If the soil is dried up about one inch from the surface, it is a good time to water the plant.

3. Oregano

Oregano is different from many other entries on the list as it is an edible herb rather than a flowering plant. It is a prevalent herb used primarily in different foods, adding its characteristic flavor to various dishes.

Green Leaves of Oregano


This herb is safe to consume but does not provide an evident health benefit. It’s mainly used to make the flavor a little richer, and when they grow and thrive, you will feel the aroma spread all over the garden, and it will help repel the unnecessary pests away. 

– Characteristics

The leaves of this herb are olive-green and have purple flowers. As this is a member of a large family of plants, it is closely related to other herbs like thyme and basil. The leaves have a strong taste and a pungent smell. The leave and flowers are also used for making tea and can quickly be grown indoors and outdoors.

Oregano can be found as young plants or in the form of seeds, and both forms allow you to grow it in your home. They can be sown in indoor pots at the start of the year. After sowing the seeds, they can be watered and germinated. When the plant is visibly large, pick out these young plants and plant them in a pot of multipurpose composite for further growth.

The plants start as low-growing but can reach up to two feet in height after their maturity. Spring is typically the time of year when you plant the seeds, and it proliferates to provide you with leaves suitable for use in cooking due to its culinary importance. Which means that you do not have to wait long to use this unique herb.

– Growth Requirements

Sandy soil with a lot of drainage is the best mixture for growing oregano. A lot of moisture and nutrients may lead to the herb not growing very well as it will in well-draining, slightly dry soil. The soil can be acidic or neutral.

Most varieties enjoy their time under the full sun as it will help them grow to their full potential, but some types, such as golden oregano, prefer partial shade to avoid leaf scorching.

Oregano can thrive easily with moderate watering cycles and does not require a lot of water. In fact, soggy soil can lead to root rot and will harm the plant.

4. Marjoram

Marjoram is a perennial herbaceous plant that is closely related to oregano. But although the resemblance can be tricky to decipher, marjoram is sweeter in comparison and has a light but spicy floral scent.

Small Flowers of Marjoram

This herb is a wonderful option for companion planting with hot peppers because it allows you access to a list of tasty dishes.

– Characteristics

This plant can also be grown as an annual in some areas. Moreover, it is a low-growing plant has a shrubby appearance with gray-green foliage of inch-long leaves. In addition to the aroma and taste, the plant also produces tiny flowers that can be white or pink, but they are not especially showy, and if you invest your time, they will spring up beauty in your garden.

Another great advantage of choosing marjoram as a companion planting option in your vegetable garden is its ability to enhance the taste of veggies. So, if you plant this herb among hot pepper plants and other vegetables, it will help enhance their flavors and enriched your dishes. This makes it a good pepper companion in the literal sense of the word.

Marjoram is a slow-growing herb that is best planted in spring. It will eventually grow and spread as a ground cover. These plants produce stomach irritants, so use them according to the needs of various dishes. Another thing to consider while growing marjoram is that they are challenging to grow from seeds, as a result it is better to grow them from nursery plants.

– Growth Requirements

Like other plants, marjoram grows best in the sand and well-draining soil that is either slightly acidic or alkaline in nature. Excellent drainage is crucial for this plant as its roots are susceptible to root rot.

Marjoram plants love sunlight and need their time under the sun, so you should choose a spot accordingly. If you are growing them inside, place them beside your brightest window, on another note, you may even have to move them constantly throughout the day to chase sunlight.

They require regular watering in the early stages of growth, so try to keep the soil evenly moist but not soggy. Once they establish their roots, the plants are somewhat drought-resistant, but it is not a good idea to let them dry up completely.

5. Rosemary

Rosemary is an edible herb that can work as an excellent companion for hot pepper plants. Rosemary is native to the Mediterranean region. Their leaves and oil are essential components for medical and culinary purposes.

Growing Rosemary on Pot

For medical uses, rosemary is good for hair growth, and rosemary extract can be used as a sunblock.

– Characteristics

In the world of cuisines, rosemary is used primarily for its flavor, this is due to its aroma and blend of richness in the taste that gives it this characteristic. It is used as stuffing in roasted lamb, chicken, and turkey. 

The leaves can be used to make herbal tea. They are also cooked alongside meats and vegetables to give the dish a strong aroma. Growing rosemary in your garden allows you to try new dishes right at home.

The culinary benefits are not the only ones rosemary will introduce to your garden. It is good for pest control as it repels slugs, beetles, and many other harmful insects. They are also a great way to enhance the visuals of your garden. 

The plants have straight stems filled with thin, needle-like leaves that are gray-green in color. The plan also produces tiny white or light blue flowers that are a beautiful sight every time to enter your garden.

Rosemary is a low-maintenance plant. It requires trimming, especially after the flowers bloom, to encourage growth. You can replant these trimmings to grow more plants instead of throwing them away. This characteristic will help you propagate the growth of your plants without much hassle or the need to buy more seeds.

– Growth Requirements

Rosemary prefers moist but well-draining soil. They also like soil that ranges from acidic to neutral in nature. Well-lit places are the best ones to grow rosemary as they require abundant light. They do not tolerate shade, so keep this in mind when planting your seeds.

Rosemary has good drought tolerance once it is mature but requires water during its growth, but water logging is very dangerous, especially for young plants. It is better for the plant to be under-watered compared to over-watering.


Hot pepper companion plants are low-maintenance vegetables, flowering plants, and shrubs that have a mutually beneficial relationship with each other. They are a great way to add variety, security, and visual appeal to your garden.

Keep in mind the following points when planting these companion plants:

  • Many of them are low maintenance, but some may require special care.
  • Getting your garden soil tested before sowing any seeds is a good idea.
  • Most plants require full sunlight for proper growth, but some need partial shade to avoid leaf scorch.

From this list, which plant will be the one to make it to your vegetable garden?

5/5 - (18 votes)