How long do cucumber plants produce fruit is a matter that depends upon the variety of cucumbers you are growing in your garden. However, know that most of them come with a year’s lifespan, after which you can expect them to wilt.

How Long Do Cucumber Plants Produce Fruit

If you would like to learn more about how long do cucumber plants live and when do cucumbers start producing, then this is the article you should be reading.

We give you all the information about the life span of the crop, harvesting cucumbers and also the related plant produce.

How Long Do Cucumber Plants Produce and Stay Fruitful?

Cucumber plant produces their yield or fruits for a period of anywhere between three weeks to three months, depending upon the variety. Where marketer may produce throughout the season of growing cucumbers, others do so for a mere sixty days. Proper care and fertilization will ensure a bountiful yield.

A single and healthy cucumber plant could produce anywhere between ten to fifteen cucumbers as long as you have provided the right care for the plant. This yield will be during the growth period or the harvest time of the plant which is on an average about three weeks. To determine precisely how many cucumbers per plant, the number of cucumbers produced will vary depending on cucumber varieties.

– Bush Pickle

After fifty days from the seeds’ planting, this crop will be ready to be harvested. Because of this given time, the yield would only bloom and produce fruit during the days of summer, which lasts for about two months, and then the plant dies once that period has passed.

This is the best pickling cucumbers because the variety is more compact and has extremely delicate skin. If you consider how it would develop into more of a shrub than a vine, then you would see that it is an excellent choice for growing in containers.

– Straight Eight

During the three months of the growth phase, it is reasonable to anticipate that the straight eight variety will produce a substantial crop, hence the name already gives you a clue. This robust cucumber variety gives significant crop output, exemplified by the fact that this variety of fruit is open-pollinated. They produce the best results when they have been given the proper nutrients and the correct requirements to grow on a vine that receives adequate sunlight.

Straight eights typically reach full maturity anywhere from fifty to seventy days after being planted, which is a great time period. Not only that, but due to the fact that it is an annual plant, once it has finished bearing its fruit and gone into a dormant state, it needs to be replanted and allowed to start growing all over again, and this must be done as soon as possible.

– Marketer Variety

The marketer variety or otherwise also known as the market-more, and it is one that would be producing fruits for up to three months. The interesting fact about this variety is that with an extended harvest period, it has a comparatively higher yield and the dark green fruit takes fifty days to mature, after which the plant will wither away.

It has an annual life cycle and the fruit is nine inches in length. These are the ones that are popular for their use in culinary purposes, because of the flavor that they would add a rich flavor. 

– National Pickling

This interesting type takes about sixty days to mature and only produces fruit for fifty days after it has been planted. It prefers to grow under full sun and requires a very good drainage set up to sustain its yield and life, and this is why you will see them growing in summer, mostly. 

National Pickling resistant to cucumber beetles

It is typically consumed as a snack or mixed into salads. National pickling is resistant to pests such as cucumber beetles, powdery mildew and bacterial wilt, apart from fungal diseases. It is a favorite among gardeners who love the fruit and want to grow them in abundance. 

How To Determine When Cucumber Plant Has Finished Producing?

To determine when the cucumber plant has finished producing, you must try to observe the leaves that have turned yellow, and the reduction of the total number of flowers. In addition, check the number of leaves that have died back, and the reduction of the produced fruit.

You should be mindful about a few distinct signals that the plant presents, you will be able to determine whether or not the cucumber plant you have is finished producing its fruit. However, it is essential to remember that the actual harvest and yield are heavily impacted by the care provided, such as the temperature, soil, and humidity levels.

– Leaves Become Yellow

The fact that the plant’s leaves have started to turn yellow is the very first sign that it has finished producing fruit for the cucumber season months. When you are nearing the end of the life cycle of a cucumber plant, the nutrients begin to deplete because there are no longer any cucumbers growing on the plant. 

This indicates that you will no longer have the opportunity to harvest cucumbers from that particular crop, because as you would see, the leaves are degenerating slowly. In addition to taking on a yellow hue, the leaves would get wilted simultaneously.

– Total Number of Flowers Reduce

Flowers are produced in abundance when the cucumber crop is being grown. When the plant is in its growth phase, the blooms will be in abundance. As you approach the end of its life cycle, these very flowers will begin to reduce in numbers, because if you think about it, the flowers would determine the bloom of the new fruit that are going to be produced. Which means that this is a clear-cut indication to you that the plant will no longer be producing fruits for you. 

Hence, it is recommended that if you want to pick cucumber seeds, the right time to do it is when the flowers are produced in abundance, You have to source several seeds and this why you should be hoping for a higher success rate in germinating your next batch.

– Leaf Dieback

Leaf dieback is a classic indication that your cucumber plant will no longer be producing any more fruit and here is why. The vining cucumber plants in their active growth phase produce leaves that stretch outwards. Now as the plant begins to reach the end of its life cycle, there isn’t going to be much energy left for the leaves to thrive, they will start to degenerate, and this means chlorophyll won’t pass through anymore, as a result they will become much weaker.

The outcome is that they die back, wither and eventually fall off the vining stems. You will not notice any further growth of the plant and obviously, there could be no further production of the fruit. 

– Reduced Fruit Production

An obvious but often overlook indication of the end of the life cycle of the cucumber plant is the reduction in fruit plants. If your plant is known to produce in abundance, as it nears its end, this production quantity will see a decline.

Reduced Cucumber Fruit Production Problem

Not only will there be a decrease in quantity, you will also notice that the fruit will reduce in size, and this would be a clear sign for you that the production season has ended.


1. Will Cucumber Plants Continue To Produce Throughout the Summer?

Yes, cucumber plants continue to produce throughout the summer as long as their life cycle is intact. The plant only withers once it stops producing the fruit. Summer months are warm and long for this subtropical fruiting plant and with abundant sunshine and moisture it can grow well producing a steady harvest.

2. Do Cucumbers Continue To Grow After They Have Been Harvested?

No, in contrast to other fruits, cucumbers do not continue to grow after they have been harvested as other fruits do. Once you have harvested and the fruit has been detached from the vines, you aren’t going to have them thriving in a robust manner or for that matter, produce in abundance. Monitoring the plant and harvesting at the right time is the key to getting the best possible yield from the cucumber plant. 


In this article, you have learned everything there is to know about how long cucumber plants produce a yield.

The following is a synopsis of everything that was discussed above:

  • It depends on the type of cucumber you are growing to determine how long it will take for the plant to produce a yield. Most of them have a one-year lifespan, after which you can anticipate they will wither away.
  • The national pickling cucumber has a maturity time of sixty days but does not begin to bear fruit until fifty days after it has been planted.
  • Marketer varieties have a more extended harvest phase, which enables them to provide a significantly high yield for up to three months before the plant begins to wither. This is because the harvest phase of marketer varieties is more extended.
  • During the entire growth cycle of cucumbers, the plants yield a sufficient number of blooms, which is considered acceptable. When you get closer to the end of the life cycle, you will notice that the blossoms stop appearing.
  • The weakening is a sign that indicates how there will be no further active production of fruits. You might also see that the leaves are turning yellow and falling off.

Because you now know everything there is to know about the fruit yield of cucumbers, you can harvest your crop effectively to obtain the highest possible produce. Take proper care of it and fertilize it in order to extend the period over which it will give you the fruits of your labor!

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