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How tight should a mower deck belt be is a worry if you have the machine to work efficiently. Are you having problems with the belt of your riding mower and want to know how to adjust belt tension yourself?
For this article, we sought out mower experts and asked them to give us tips regarding the ideal drive belt tension.
Learn all about maintaining the ideal tension in the belt and identifying signs when a belt is too tight or loose.
JUMP TO TOPIC
- How Tight Should A Mower Deck Belt Be?
- What Are Signs That The Deck Belt Is Loose?
- What Are Signs That The Belt Is Too Tight?
How Tight Should A Mower Deck Belt Be?
A perfectly tight mower belt can rotate without slipping off but not cause the engine to over-exert and overheat. If the belt does not slip off while working and is not producing unfavorable sounds that indicate wearing off of the belt, then that is the perfect tightness for it.
Of course, the belt should have an ideal level of tightness if the mower operates properly. A deranged belt affects the quality of the grass mowed and can also negatively impair the engine and the pulley system.
A loose belt is a big nuisance because the mower must be turned off repeatedly to put it back in place until it is properly fixed. On the other hand, a belt that is too tight will put undue pressure on the engine and the pulleys. When not fixed right away, this can damage these machine parts irreversibly.
Tightening a loose belt in the mower is not that difficult, and you can do it yourself at home. This will save you from unnecessary spending of money and time to take the mower to a professional mower mechanic.
– Turn The Mower off
Start this process by turning your riding lawn mower off and letting the engine cool down completely. Trust this process, because you do not want to put your hand anywhere in a hot mower.
Once it cools down fully, gain access to the spark plug by removing its cover and disengaging it using a plug wrench. Before this plug can be removed from the mower, you must clean the surrounding area, or else dirt and debris might fall into the engine. Removing this plug is crucial to prevent accidentally starting the mower up while fixing the belts.
– Disengage the Deck
Before gaining access to the deck component, you need to engage the blades. Some mowers have a lever in the control panel for engaging the blades. Otherwise, you can jam a rectangular piece of wood between the blades, so they do not move.
Disengage the deck switch to loosen the belt and make it easy to work. It is located differently in different mowers, so consult your instructions manual to find where it is.
Looking from the top towards the deck, identify the belt, the idler pulleys, and the swing arm. There will be a tension spring from the swing arm on one side to a bracket on the other.
– Remove Nuts and Bolts
Remove the nuts and bolts holding the belt using an appropriate-sized wrench. Keep them someplace secure because you do not want to lose them.
– Slightly Increase Tension
Now gently slide the bracket from the spring towards the pulley to increase the belt’s tension. Once the belt is tight enough, place it on the deck in its proper position.
– Tighten the Screws
Now screw the bolts in their new position on the bracket using the same wrench. The bolts should be tightened so much that the bracket cannot be moved anymore.
Lastly, check if the belt normally slides by disengaging the deck and the blades and turning the engine back on.
What Are Signs That The Deck Belt Is Loose?
Signs that the deck belt is loose would be from the belt feeling slipping and loose as it becomes uneven. Moreover, taking time to turn on, and as you feel excessive vibration when working. Lastly, you will head excessive noise coming from the machine.
The number one way that you can check that your mower drive belt is loose is that it will keep slipping over and over again, and you will have to stop the mower, turn it off and reinstall it back in place, as some loose mower deck belt symptoms would start to show like taking time for mower to engage
– Loose and Slipping
Remember that lawn mower belts should transfer the engine’s power to the cutting blade and make them turn. If it is loose and slipping, this is initially indicated by patches of grass that remain uncut and uneven. Note that at times the belts are so loose that they come right off, and the blade does not rotate.
– Taking Time
Have you noticed that it takes a while for the mower to engage the cutting blade once it is started, compared to earlier? This is another easily missed sign of a loose belt. A healthy mower should be able to engage the blade as soon as the engine is revved up.
– Excessively Vibrating
When the belt is not tight enough, it strains the engine and produces vibrations within the lawn mower deck. Sometimes, these vibrations are too loud and prominent to be taken lightly. If you have a riding-style mower, sitting on it can become an altogether uncomfortable task.
– Excessive Noise
A loud and high-pitched noise emanating from the deck by the belt indicates that you must tighten it now. The belt might slip, get obstructed by other machine parts, and produce weird sounds.
Look closely at the belt and try to catch signs of weariness in it. The edges are the most vulnerable and begin to fray the most. Ensure the engine is turned off and a blade choker is placed before you get near the belt.
When the belt keeps slipping off the pulleys, the problem might lie either with the belt itself or the pulleys. Check both of them to get to the root of the problem before you can get it fixed.
What Are Signs That The Belt Is Too Tight?
Signs that the belt is too tight would be spread of smell coming from the rubber, in addition to feeling excessive pressure, and having overstretched spring in the mower. When the belt is too tight, these signs will show, which means you must get to action.
A tight belt will not only get damaged easily by itself but will also damage the intricate small machine parts that make up the mower’s pulley system. You can tell the belt is too tight because of the engine’s effort in running the mower.
– Smell of Rubber
Stop your riding mower right there once the smell of burning rubber begins to come from it. This means the tires are burning, or the belt has been tightened too much. A belt that has been tightened this much is at risk of developing cracks and snapping into two parts if not corrected.
– Excess Pressure
When the belt is too tight, this puts an extraordinary amount of pressure on the pulley system. This can be identified by the mower blades turning slower than you want them to. If not corrected immediately, the nuts, bolts, and other small parts of the pulley system will get damaged and have to be replaced.
– Overstretched Spring
If you suspect the belt is a bit tight but cannot be sure about this, turn the engine off and inspect the belt system of the mower. Check the tension spring with special care because it starts overstretching foremost.
Sometimes the belt shreds up in several parts during mowing, and the mower dies. In this case, it will have to be taken to a mechanic to get the belt and the pulley system fixed up professionally.
This concludes our brief but concise guide on the right tension for a mower belt.
- The belt should be only as tight so as not to put any strain on the belt or the pulley system.
- When the right tension is not maintained in a lawn tractor, the belt will keep slipping off over and over again.
- It is very easy to fix the tension of your belt by yourself, but ensure that the engine has been turned off first and the tires are properly disengaged.
Taking care of the belt in a riding-style mower is undeniably an important aspect of its regular maintenance. After going through this guide, you can finally fix yours like a professional.