How to overwinter pepper plants is a question that every pepper plant caretaker wants to know about. Next you need to harvest and trim your peppers, taking out every leaf. Remove the root ball and all the soil, and remove the roots.How To Overwinter Pepper Plants

As your final steps you can put new soil in the pot and water it in a cool environment –read below for more details!

How To Overwinter Planted Pepper Plants Step-by-Step?

To overwinter planted pepper plants step-by-step you should start by preparing fresh soil and adding a few inches. Then the peppers need to be harvested and trimmed with every leaf being removed. Remove the root ball, soil and roots, put new soil in the pot and then water!

If you’ve ever wondered if pepper plants will come back after winter, then you are most likely looking for produce year-round. As you know, winter can be harsh on these plants and cause them to die. Overwintering peppers is key to long term produce all-year-round. The steps below should help you even if you are a beginner and could use guidance towards these kinds of plant techniques.

1. Prepare Fresh Soil

Add enough new soil to a clean mixing bowl to fill your overwintering pepper pot. Make care to wash the pot in warm, soapy water as well. The soil needs to have the moisture level of a wrung-out sponge before you add any water and properly mix it. When squeezed, the soils should not shed any water but should be moist.Prepare Fresh Soil for Pepper Plant

2. Add at Least a Few Inches of Soil to the Pot

Add one or two inches of pre-moistened soil to the new pot and lightly press. The roots will have a cozy spot to sit, thanks to this.

3. Harvest and Trim Your Peppers and Pepper Plants

Outside, pick all peppers still on the plant and trim the branches down. Although some growers only cut back to a small stump (about three to four inches tall), we recommend leaving numerous nodes on the main stem. The plant ought to be able to regenerate as long as there are at least a few nodes.

4. Take Out Every Leaf

Aphids and other insects can easily hide among the leaves. Remove every leaf from the plant to be safe. Although the plant is still alive, this stage may feel incorrect because you aren’t actually killing it. Roots and stems can later regenerate from each node since they are still alive.

5. Remove the Root Ball, Then Remove All the Soil

This is the decisive last step in preventing bugs. Many insects, including fungus gnats, have additional nesting grounds under the soil. The root ball can be removed by releasing the pot’s clamp and turning the plant onto its side.

After that, start removing the soil and loosening the soil with your hands. Spray the leftover soil away from the roots with a hose. In the end, there should be little to no soil left in the root ball.

6. Remove Roots

Cut the roots using scissors or pruning shears to roughly the size of your overwintering pepper pot. Extra roots may entangle themselves.

7. Put New Soil in the Pot

Place the bare root ball inside the pot after returning inside. Add more dirt to the area around the plant’s roots while holding it with the main stem about an inch from the pot’s surface. Gently poke the soil into the exposed roots with your fingers. Lightly compress the soil as it reaches the roots’ surface, then top it up.Put New Soil in the Pot

8. Water in a Cool Environment

Apply a light misting to the roots to hydrate them. Place the plant in a room between 55 and 65 degrees Fahrenheit with some natural light (a window is okay). The ideal places are typically a garage, shed, or mudroom, but pay attention to the temperature.

Avoid letting it get too cold because that could stress the plants out too much. If you overwinter pepper plants in a garage or overwinter pepper plants in a greenhouse,  the environment should lead to ideal growth.

9. Prune Any Extra Leaves Weekly

The plant may try to grow more branches and/or leaves as it gets used to its new environment. Try to keep the leaves clipped until the plant is ready for spring since they risk luring bugs. Plants develop much more slowly if the temperature is maintained low. If you’re wondering what temperature to bring pepper plants inside, 70-80 degrees Fahrenheit is ideal.

How to Properly Prune Pepper Plants for the Winter?

To properly prune pepper plants for the winter you will need to first of all time your trims correctly – this is crucial. Trim any dead branches and leaves, and any lateral branches. Finally, place a layer of mulch over the plant.

1. Time Your Trims

Pruning them for the winter is crucial to ensure that pepper plants survive the winter and produce their best crop the following growth season. You should wait until after the final harvest of the ideal growth season. As a result, the plant can produce fruit right up until the end of the season.Trim Stems of Pepper Plant

2. Trim the Stems

Reduce the pepper plant’s main stem to roughly half its original height. In doing so, the plant will be able to store energy during the winter and get ready to thrive in the coming season.

3. Trim Any Dead Branches and Leaves

Remove any dead branches or leaves from the plant by keeping an eye out for them. By doing this, disease and pests will be kept from spreading to the plant’s healthy areas.

4. Trim Any Lateral Branches

Any lateral branches should be pruned back to roughly one-third of their original length. The plant will be able to preserve energy and prepare for the upcoming growth season.

5. Mulch the Plant

After you have finished pruning, you can cover the plant with a layer of organic material, such as leaves or straw. This should help keep the soil moist and shield the plant from the cold.

How To Care For Overwintered Peppers?

To care for overwintered peppers you should reduce watering sessions and consider keeping your peppers indoors. Be extra careful about diseases and pests and remember to check for new growth and nip it in the bud. If all goes well your pepper plant will go dormant.

1. Reduce Watering Sessions

Reduce watering after putting the pepper plant in this situation and climate. Peppers require far less water in the winter compared to when they do in the summer if you are maintaining them. Watering the plant should only be necessary once every three to four weeks. Don’t let the soil become fully dry, but don’t let it remain soggy, either.

You will soon observe the leaves beginning to die back once you move the pepper to a cool position and reduce watering. This is typical; don’t be alarmed. It’s time for the pepper plant to become dormant.

2. Consider Keeping Your Peppers Indoors

When should I bring my pepper plants inside is a question most people will have. Bringing them in before the first frost will be ideal. When you bring your peppers inside to overwinter, you can store them in two places. The first choice is a dimly lit, cool, and gloomy subterranean location. The plants will be forced into a state of dormancy in which they are still alive but not actively developing.Consider Keeping Your Peppers Indoors

Despite appearing to be dead, they are not. Make sure the soil doesn’t become too moist or dry during this period of dormancy. Spray the soil every now and again to keep it somewhat damp.

Can you overwinter peppers in the dark? Your pepper plants can also be placed in a bright window or under grow lights. They might not become dormant in this situation, but they’re not going to start producing fruit until the next spring.

3. Be Vigilant About Diseases and Insects

Look out for any signs of difficulty because indoor plants are still prone to pests and illnesses. To stop issues from getting worse, treat them right away.

4. Trim Back Fresh Foliage That Starts To Grow When Indoors

Your plants will most likely begin to sprout new leaves after one to two weeks of being moved indoors. To keep the plants neat, you should normally cut back new foliage every two weeks, but you are free to let it grow if you want. Fewer leaves will sprout as the temperature drops.


Now you can have early harvests, larger yields, and increased hardiness in your pepper plants thanks to overwintering pepper plants techniques. Keep in mind:

  • Pruning pepper plants for winter is a huge step to help make this process of overwintering foolproof.
  • Growing peppers in winter is almost never reliable, which is why we overwinter in the first place.
  • If your peppers are outdoors, consider investing in good pots to help bring them in and make it easier for plant transplants.
  • When removing the soil from the root ball, it is crucial to be extra careful in making sure not to disrupt any of the intricate root systems and damage the plant.

With our detailed guide, you will be able to start overwintering plants in no time. Cheers to extended peppers!

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