Mottled Syngonium of the Araceae family is a rare plant to get your hands on; to make the most of this opportunity, you need top-class knowledge.
Reading this Syngonium genus plant guide is going to help you precisely with that. Read this complete to raise the perfect Syngonium vine.
JUMP TO TOPIC
- What Is Mottled Syngonium?
- Mottled Syngonium Care
- Water Requirements
- Light Requirements
- Soil Requirements
- Temperature Requirements
- Humidity Requirements
- Fertilizing Requirements
- Pruning Requirements
What Is Mottled Syngonium?
Mottled Syngonium is a tropical plant well known for its arrow-shaped leaves. These leaves have the most exquisite variegations ranging from dark green and light green to cream splotches. It is also sold under the alternate names Syngonium mojito and podophyllum.
Mottled Syngonium Care
Syngonium mojito care involves putting it somewhere indirectly bright and warm all year round. Water with filtered water when the top two to three inches of the soil become parched. We have explained more Mojito care requirements in the coming sections.
Your Syngonium podophyllum mottled plant needs regular watering all through the year. Never allow the soil to dry out. If the top one-quarter has dried, this is when you need to water the soil.
How can you tell when it’s time to water the plant? By putting something like your finger or pencil into it. Insert it at least two to three inches deep, then check if it comes out dry. If not, then wait a day or more before watering.
Use lukewarm or room temperature water that is preferably filtered via reverse osmosis. This warm-loving plant hates cold water and will react badly to it. If you must use tap water, put it in a bucket exposed to air overnight before using it.
This plant is easily adaptable to various light conditions ranging from medium to low. This makes it one of the best plants for first-time plant parents.
It is better if you can avoid placing this plant under the direct sun. Outside the house, a patio or a shaded spot would suit it more. You just need to make sure that no natural light falls on it. This is especially important during mid-day when sunlight is particularly intense.
Inside the house, this plant would do well in any brightly lit room of your house. Even if you don’t place it immediately next to a window, it will still carry on growing. If the plant lacks adequate light, it will first lose its variegations and then turn yellow instead. When placed right next to a window, cover it using medium-thickness curtains, especially when direct light is coming through them.
You will need help from artificial lights if there are no windows within the room. LED lights come at very reasonable prices and are pretty effective too. You will have to keep them running for 13 to 14 hours straight.
When moving Syngonium podophyllum from low to more intense light, conditioning is essential. What this means is that you don’t place the plant under brighter light immediately.
Start with half an hour of exposure and then increase this duration by half an hour each day. Allow it to become used to this new light before putting them under it indefinitely.
An ideal Syngonium mojito soil needs good drainage, adequate nutrition, and a pH from 5.5 to 6.5. You can buy any regular potting mix and add more additives. Here are some of the additives that your soil must have.
- Perlite is an inorganic mineral that is manufactured as white-colored round balls. You can mix it through your soil. It will increase porosity and make it easy for water to flow out of the soil.
- Coco coir is another very commonly used podophyllum soil additive. It is made up of fibers and husks of coconut. It also adds to the porosity and drainage of the soil. Because it is an organic additive, it will break up over time and contribute nutrients to the soil.
- Your soil also needs moss, whether it is sphagnum or peat moss. It too contributes nutrients to the soil and the roots. It absorbs water from the soil and slowly releases it back little by little. This makes it an important constituent that prevents water logging.
- Besides moss, you need another source of organic matter. If you are into composting, there is nothing better than regularly adding your compost to the soil.
A syngonium mottled plant needs 65 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit temperature all year round. Temperatures lower than 50 degrees are downright detrimental to its health. If you see your plant dropping leaves suddenly, check to see if it is placed someplace cold.
During summertime, maintaining a warm environment is relatively easy. Inside the house, if the room is chilled too much, move the plant someplace warmer. At least don’t place the plant directly under the vent or an air conditioner.
Winter time can be tricky for tropical plants such as this one. Your safest bet is just to move the plant indoors. Be a little mindful of this plant during this time even then. A window cracked open all night might force it into hibernation and rapid leaf loss.
Air humidity levels above 50 percent will keep your plant the happiest. Luckily, the air in most US regions has this much air moisture both within and outside the house. Still, it doesn’t hurt to check your plant’s humidity using an instrument called a hygrometer.
Sometimes, humidity levels fall below 50 percent during hot summer days. Inside the house, the air conditioning had been known to dry the air moisture significantly. So what can you do in such a case to help your plant? Below are some methods that experts swear by.
Investing in a humidifier is a feasible option if you have more humidity-loving plants like the arrowhead plant. You can install this humidifier in the room and set it to 50 percent humidity.
A humidifier can sense the moisture levels in the air. It shuts off by itself when they exceed more than 50 percent. If the classes start falling again, it automatically turns on.
Take any shallow tray from your kitchen and fill it with clean, filtered water. You cannot place your pot directly on the water. Fill the tray with large pebbles and use them as support for the pot. Don’t forget to change the water in the tray every seven days.
If you move all your high humidity-loving plants together, the air around them will become moister. Similarly, your kitchen, laundry room, and washroom are the most humid areas of your house. You can place this plant there too.
This plant is a moderate feeder during the spring to the summer period. We recommend you buy a balanced fertilizer and dilute it by mixing it with an equal volume of water. A balanced fertilizer has an equal amount of phosphorus, nitrogen, and potassium.
Fertilize only once a month during summer. The fertilizer should be poured carefully on the soil and not allowed to touch the plant. You should water the soil first and then fertilize it right after. This is a trick we often use to reduce the risk of fertilizer burns.
By the month’s end, you need to flush the soil before it is time for the next fertilizing. This involves watering the soil using an enormous volume of water. This will wash away all the toxins that naturally form in the soil because of fertilizer use.
Since this Syngonium grows as a climbing vine, you must prune it every third or fourth month. Pruning means cutting off branches that are growing in random directions. Remove all deformed or discolored leaves from the vine.
This will promote further growth and improve air circulation around the plant. It is also essential to regularly clean your plant with a dry or slightly damp cloth. A layer of dirt over the leaves makes it harder for them to carry out air exchange.
Your Syngonium mottled arrowhead is best divided by using either stem cuttings or by dividing the roots. Below, we have discussed both these methods in detail.
– Propagate Syngonium by Division
Proceed by taking the plant out of its pot for this propagation method.
- Once you have washed the soil off the roots, look at the base of the stem.
- Several tiny plantlets called offsets would be growing from the base of the stem.
- Remove as many as you want by cutting them close to the stem.
- Now just plant these offsets in their pots one by one.
- Take care that all the care requirements of the Syngonium vine are being met.
– Propagate Syngonium by Stem Cuttings
This method is far easier because you don’t need to depot the plant to carry it out.
- A pair of sharp pruning shears is what you’ll need to get started. Proceed by obliquely cutting five to six inches from the growing end of the Syngonium vine.
- This cutting must have three or more nodes with a leaf or two still attached.
- You need to dry this cutting and dip its cut end in rooting hormone to promote further growth.
- Fill half a jar with clean water to put the cutting within. The leaf should be above water and the cut end below it.
- Cover the jar with something appropriate and place it someplace warm and bright.
- Keep changing the water every week so that it stays clean. Every day for a few hours, open the lid to let some fresh air in.
- Within six to seven weeks, the cutting produces roots and shoots.
- Prepare a pot with soil at this point. Transfer the cutting to this pot when the roots are about two inches long.
Your Mottled Syngonium variegated plants are generally unproblematic. Occasionally you will have to deal with spider mites or Syngonium mojito reverted variegations.
Read the upcoming section to learn how to deal with these mojito problems.
– Spider Mites
Spider mite attacks are among the most common attacks on house plants worldwide. These pests usually attack a plant that is too cluttered. The sheltered, humid areas under the leaves are their favorite hiding places. They might also get transferred from a neighboring infested plant or instruments.
Spider mites are pretty easy to identify and catch early on. They hide in large clusters under the leaves of this vine. They also weave characteristic spider webs around the vines and stems.
These are sap feeders, and they puncture the plant to suck it away. Over time your plant gets deprived of the nutrients that it needs. Yellow or brown spots develop on both surfaces of the leaves.
The leaves also become listless and start dropping down. This vine loses its vigor, and you have a dead-looking plant in your hands.
The first step to eliminating spider mites is removing most of them physically. We always do this by washing the plant with a robust insecticidal soap. The more resistant pests can be scrubbed off using a soft toothbrush.
Natural insecticides like neem oil work perfectly against mites. You can apply it directly on the leaves and mites or make a spray with it. Apply this neem oil spray on the affected plant every week for at least eight weeks.
– Variegations Reverting
Syngonium mojito losing variegation is a common problem you might encounter. Low light condition is the most common cause behind this happening. Your plant will convert its cream parts into more green parts to compensate for this lack of light.
Loss of variegation first occurs on the stem and branches. Then it moves on to the leaves of the plant. If low light conditions persist, then the leaves will start turning yellow.
If you see your plant losing its variegations, check its light conditions immediately. Immediately take action if it is placed in a dark corner or someplace where light is inadequate.
Choose a brighter place in the house that is brightly lit, albeit indirectly. However, take care to do so gradually because this plant needs some time to acclimatize to differing light conditions.
Sometimes you will have to take help from artificial grow lights. It’s better to install them overhead so that all sides of the plant get equal light.
Can Mottled Syngonium grow in water only?
Yes, Mottled Syngonium can grow in water only, making it a suitable option for hydroponic setups or water propagation.
What are the disadvantages of Mottled Syngonium?
Disadvantages of Mottled Syngonium may include sensitivity to direct sunlight, susceptibility to pests like spider mites, and potential toxicity to pets if ingested.
Is Mottled Syngonium color changing?
Mottled Syngonium’s color can vary based on environmental factors, but it does not typically exhibit dramatic color changes. It commonly features variegated leaves with green and white patterns.
The end of the article calls for a summary of how to care for the Syngonium vine.
- Take this plant and move it to a sunny, indirectly sunny location. Direct light will make the plant suffer from sunburn.
- Do not allow the Syngonium plant’s soil to dry through.
- If you want to propagate, you can use offset or stem cutting methods.
- If your plant is placed under low light conditions, it will lose its variegations.
The Syngonium vine is a great plant to start your gardening career with. With this all-encompassing guide, you will be able to become the most awesome Syngonium parent ever.