Peperomia nivalis which originates from Peru is a beautiful succulent suitable for your tables and desks. Peperomia plant has a fragrant sap in its stem and beautifies its surroundings.
Read this article for everything you need to know about peperomia nivalis including its care and propagation tips.
- What Is Peperomia Nivalis?
- Peperomia Nivalis Care
What Is Peperomia Nivalis?
Peperomia nivalis is a beautiful succulent with boat-shaped leaves which originates from Peru, Ecuador, and other nearby regions. This unique-looking succulent plant has anise-scented sap in its stem and grows upright or crawling. Even though Peperomia nivalis looks very beautiful, it is easy to grow so long as it is growing in the right conditions.
Peperomia nivalis is a perfect plant for your desktop and dish gardens because of its size, shape, and color. It is also an evergreen plant, so you get to see it in its fresh green state for as long as you can. You and your visitors get to enjoy the beautiful sight of Peperomia nivalis while trying to understand the unique shape of its leaves.
You surely want to grow some Peperomia nivalis plants, don’t you? Even though Peperomia nivalis looks very special and is a beautiful plant, it is also very easy to grow.
Peperomia Nivalis Care
The specific requirement to care for Peperomia nivalis will vary according to the variety and region, so you should ask the shop owner or an experienced Peperomia nivalis grower nearby.
The care tips listed below will guide you to grow healthy Peperomia nivalis plants, but for the most optimum growth, you should ask questions when buying yours.
Here are recommended ways to care for your Peperomia nivalis plants.
– Soil Requirements
Peperomia nivalis needs a special potting mix or substrate. You can make it by yourself, but if you can’t, you should buy it from a gardening shop. The suitable Peperomia nivalis soil can retain moisture but is also well-drained, note that the substrate should also be nutritious, but light and air.
You can make a humus-rich substrate for your Peperomia nivalis or a peat-based substrate. To make a potting mix substrate, mix two-part peat moss with one-part sand or perlite. If you choose to add other ingredients such as compost, you should increase the amount of sand or perlite in the potting mix.
Remember that your Peperomia nivalis pot should have some drainage holes so that excess water can drip off the pot from the holes. You will probably keep your plant on your desk or table, hence you should get a tray or saucer and place the pot on top so that the excess water does not ruin your documents.
Mulch is so useful for indoor plants such as Peperomia nivalis because it prevents pets from entering the substrate while also preventing the substrate from becoming fully dry. Mulch can also prevent some types of weeds from competing with your Peperomia for space and nutrients.
Using mulch is highly beneficial and very beautiful, so you should get some rocks and other types of inorganic mulch for your Peperomia nivalis plants. You can also use organic mulch such as wood shavings and barks, but they are not as beautiful as inorganic mulch. Remember to mulch your Peperomia nivalis with colors to match your design.
– Water Requirement
The watering need of your Peperomia nivalis plant is not so different from that of other succulents. Most succulents including Peperomia nivalis hate overwatering as they are well-adapted to arid soils or substrates where they do not quickly get moisture.
You should only water your Peperomia nivalis plants when the substrate is dry. Make sure that the top three to four inches of your Peperomia nivalis substrate is dry before you water the plant again. Do not wait until the substrate is completely dry before you water the plants so that you do not kill them.
According to the size of the pot, light exposure, and the number of plants in a pot, you may water your plant every five to ten days. Make sure that you always check the substrate to confirm if it is dry or not before you water your Peperomia nivalis plants.
– Light Requirement
Even though Peperomia nivalis plants prefer full sun, you can grow them in partial sun and even under an inflorescent light. Note that your Peperomia nivalis plants will grow faster and healthier when you keep them in a place where they can receive six or more hours of direct sunlight daily.
The minimum amount of daily sun to grow Peperomia nivalis plants is four hours daily. Insufficient light can weaken or even kill succulents because they are well-adapted to growing with more sun and less water. Your plants are telling you that they need more sun if their leaves turn yellow or pale, they also need more sun if they are growing in just one direction.
To help your plants stay in shape, you should rotate the pot regularly so that each part of the plant will get exposed to the sun or source of light.
Humidity helps your Peperomia nivalis plants to regulate their water and nutrients better. If you do not grow your Peperomia nivalis in an environment with suitable humidity levels, you may be harming the plant, they needs at least 50 percent humidity in their environment.
You should make sure that the room has humidity levels way above average. If the humidity is low, you can place your Peperomia nivalis pot on a pebble tray with a little water in it. The water will increase the humidity level around your plant while it evaporates.
You can also collect a spray bottle and use it to mist water droplets around the Peperomia nivalis leaves. If you want a more automated approach to help your plants, as you can install a humidifier close to the Peperomia.
– Temperature Requirement
Peperomia nivalis plants prefer higher temperatures, as the suitable USDA hardiness zone to grow Peperomia nivalis is zone 10a-11b. Try to grow your Peperomia nivalis in a room or place with temperatures ranging from 65 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit.
If you grow your Peperomia nivalis plant in lower temperatures, you can slow or even stop the growth of the plant as you will be forcing it into a period of dormancy. Growing the Peperomia nivalis in higher temperatures can weaken the leaves or even kill the plant, remember that you might also notice that some leaves are dropping in high temperatures.
You should keep your Peperomia nivalis pot far from air conditioners, heaters, and other appliances that can quickly alter room temperature. Moreover, Peperomia nivalis plants do not respond well to drastic temperature change stress.
– Fertilizer Requirements
Remember that your Peperomia nivalis substrate is light and airy. This means that there are not enough nutrients for the plant in the substrate and you will need to feed your plants. Therefore, Peperomia nivalis is not a heavy feeder and you can use diluted fertilizer to feed it.
You should get a houseplant balanced fertilizer from gardening shops for your Peperomia nivalis plant. Feed the plant once every month in summer and spring, additionally you can also feed the Peperomia in autumn if you want, but never in summer.
Moreover, overfeeding your Peperomia nivalis plants can burn their beautiful leaves and kill the plant. Hence, make sure that you do not use a highly concentrated fertilizer for your Peperomia nivalis plants.
Pruning is important for your Peperomia nivalis to keep it in shape. You may get new stems growing towards directions that you do not want or even some leaves growing taller than what you want. Nonetheless, pruning your Peperomia nivalis regularly can help you to keep it in shape and size.
You should prune your Peperomia nivalis plants in spring. To prune your Peperomia, use a clean finger to pinch the tip of the stem or wherever you choose to prune, additionally you can also use pruning knives and scissors. Just make sure that you properly sterilize your pruning tools.
Note that pruning your Peperomia nivalis can make it appear bushier as there are multiple buds in each stem and these buds will grow into new branches when you cut the tip of the stem.
Peperomia nivalis plants do not mind growing in a tight substrate, hence you may not repot the plant for a long time even if they look root-bound. Therefore, you still need to repot Peperomia nivalis plants so that you can change their substrate and allow them to grow.
Their substrate may start deteriorating after a year, thereby you need to change it so that the Peperomia nivalis roots do not suffocate. You can also change the pot to one immediately above the size of the current pot.
You should repot your Peperomia nivalis in spring or early summer. While repotting your Peperomia nivalis plants, carefully inspect their roots to make sure that they look healthy, it is recommended to use a sterilized knife to prune off unhealthy Peperomia nivalis roots.
The major ways to propagate Peperomia nivalis plants are by division, stem cutting, and leaf-cutting. Every method is easy, but the easiest is the division method. Here’s how you can propagate Peperomias:
You can easily divide the roots of your Peperomia nivalis plants while repotting them. When you remove the Peperomia from its current substrate, dust off the roots so that you can see them. By using a sterilized knife, you should divide the plant so that every section will have an equal amount of roots.
Note that different stems originate from the roots, so your main purpose of the division is to separate the stems and not to cut through a stem. After dividing your Peperomia, wait for two or three days until the cut is dry.
When the cut is dry, you can plant your Peperomia nivalis in a suitable potting mix and water it. You should divide your Peperomia only in spring.
– Stem Cutting
This method of propagation is similar to dividing the plant, but in this case, you are collecting the stem or a part of it and not the roots, in addition, you can use your hands to snip off a stem from the plant. Nonetheless, when you collect the stem cutting, wait some days until it is calluses.
You can start your Peperomia stem cutting in the substrate immediately, but to be sure that it will grow, you can start it in water. Dipping the bottom parts of your Peperomia stem in water will encourage root growth and you can easily know the progress of your growing Peperomia nivalis.
When you have enough roots, you can then transfer the juvenile Peperomia nivalis into a suitable potting mix.
– Leaf Cutting
This is a fun method to propagate Peperomia nivalis plants, you may collect the part of a Peperomia stem where the leaves densely cluster. Make sure that the base of the Peperomia leaves is well-attached to the stem.
Plant the bottom part of the stem in a nutrient-rich substrate such as compost and then cover some parts of the stem (including the base of the bottom leaves) with more substrate. Continue watering your Peperomia nivalis leaf-cutting until you see new growths occurring from the base of the leaves.
After six to seven weeks, the juvenile Peperomia nivalis plants should be ready for transplant and you only need to cut them from the wilted mother plant as well as wait for them to callus before you transplant them.
You are now capable of planting, caring for, and propagating Peperomia nivalis plants. Continue reading for some fixable problems to watch out for.
Watch out for the following when growing Peperomia Nivalis:
Overwatering can cause root rot. It can also give your Peperomia nivalis some raised scab-like protrusion on its leaves. To prevent your plant from wilting and dying, you should only water them when the substrate is dry on top. Remember to check the substrate and drainage holes to make sure that excess water cannot stay in your Peperomia substrate.
Some pests that you should watch out for are mealybugs, whitefly, spider mites. These pests can destroy your plant leaves and make them unattractive, you can repel them with neem oil or other pest repellent products you find from a garden store.
– Massive Leaf Drop
Massive leaf drop in your Peperomia nivalis is a sign of sudden temperature change or too much fertilizer. Do not keep your Peperomia nivalis plants near temperature-altering appliances and only feed your plants once monthly in the growing season.
– Where Do I Buy Peperomia Nivalis From?
You can quickly find Peperomia nivalis in online stores. You can also find it from plant nurseries and gardening stores near you, additionally, if someone has some Peperomia nivalis plants near you, you can collect some cuttings from them.
When selecting your Peperomia nivalis plant, pay close attention to the leaves. Your Peperomia nivalis plant leaves should be green, thick, and have the shape of a boat. Nevertheless, check the base of each plant for weak or brown leaves, you should collect the healthiest and strongest plant when making your choice.
Your Peperomia nivalis plant will probably come with a pot, so you do not need to get another one.
– Does the Peperomia Nivalis Need Special Leaf Care?
The succulent leaves of your Peperomia nivalis need special care, note that the major way to care for your Peperomia is to grow it in suitable growing conditions. If every requirement of your Peperomia is met, you should see healthy and green leaves.
You should also check for and remove pests from your leaves since pests such as aphids and whiteflies can destroy your Peperomi leaves. If you like, you can mist water droplets on your Peperomia leaves but make sure that you do so in the early hours of the day so that the droplets will not stay for long before they evaporate.
These droplets can help your Peperomia to look fresh and green. Continue reading to learn some easy methods to propagate your Peperomia nivalis plants so that you can have more Peperomia without having to go to a garden store.
– What Are the Features of Peperomia Nivalis?
This plant has succulent boat-shaped leaves and fleshy upright stems. It can grow up to six inches tall. The evergreen leaves are densely borne from the fleshy stem and the plant looks clustered.
According to the growing conditions and variety, your Peperomia nivalis plant may grow upright or climb, but it is always a beautiful plant to see.
– What Are the Uses of Peperomia Nivalis?
Peperomia nivalis plant is popular as an indoor plant. This plants can help purify the air inside while supplying oxygen as well. You can keep this beautiful succulent on your office desk or shelf. It beautifies its surroundings and does not take a lot of space.
You can also plant Peperomia nivalis in your succulent garden, growing Peperomia plants, as well as other beautiful succulents, will always be beautiful as succulent plants have a very beautiful appearance that attracts people to them.
Some people grow Peperomia nivalis plants for the fragrant sap in its stem, they use it for various products such as soaps and perfumes. You can collect the sap and apply it on any surface which you want to smell like anise.
– How Do I Plant a Peperomia Nivalis?
When you have your Peperomia nivalis plant, substrate, and pot, you are ready to plant your Peperomia plant. Remember that you do not need to change the pot and substrate that the plant came with if they are still in good shape.
Pour some of the substrates that you bought or made earlier into the new pot to fill up to three inches of the pot, gently place your Peperomia nivalis roots on the substrate in the pot and then cover the plant roots with the substrate. You should keep the plant in a cool place with medium-light afterward until it recovers from the stress of transplanting.
When you see that your Peperomia nivalis plant is well-anchored, you can then keep it on the desk, table, shelf, or wherever you want it to be.
Peperomia nivalis is easy to grow so long as you use the right substrate and give your plant as much water as it needs. Here are more useful reminders for you:
- Suitable potting mix for Peperomia plants is humus-rich, lightweight, and air.
- Feed your Peperomia with a diluted but balanced fertilizer once per month in the growing season.
- Check for and remove pests from your Peperomia leaves as soon as you see them so that they do not harm your plant.
- You do not need to repot your Peperomia nivalis into a larger pot, but you should change the substrate occasionally.
- You can propagate your Peperomia by division, stem cutting, and leaf-cutting.
After reading this comprehensive article, you can now grow your Peperomia nivalis like a pro. What are you waiting for?
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