Peperomia pepperspot plant is a tropical plant that has the cutest tiny foliage that you can have decorating your house. It is also fairly simple and straightforward to look after.
Learn the best way to grow and propagate this gorgeous tiny plant from our comprehensive guide.
What Is Peperomia Pepperspot?
Peperomia pepperspot is a semi-succulent tropical plant that has springy, bronze-tinged intertwined stems. The leaves are coin-sized, thick and deep emerald green in color. Peperomia pepperspot size is average and compact. It is not a fast-growing plant and will attain a maximum size of only 12 inches after years of growth.
Peperomia Pepperspot Care
Care for the vining peperomia plant by providing it with bright or dappled sunlight, frequent watering, and moderately high humidity levels and temperatures.
Read all the details in the upcoming sections.
– Light Requirements
Peperomia pepperspot light needs are very simple. It is accustomed to dappled or partial sunlight in its natural habitat. Keep it from intense direct sunshine and provide plenty of indirect light.
– Growing Pepperspot Plant Indoors
Keep your pepperspot plant under conditions of bright partial light indoors. It will grow successfully when put under indirect bright light all day long, but it is even better if you give this plant some direct sunlight during the early morning and evening hours.
Put your plant near an eastern or western side window for best results. This way, it will receive very mild sunshine for only a limited time during the day. Keep it strictly away from the southern-facing window because this window lets in the most intense midday light that then leads to the development of intense sunburns.
Very low light is also not encouraged when keeping this plant indoors. A room without windows or one with only the northern-facing window is not the best place to keep it. You will need to install artificial grow lights in such a case.
– Growing Pepperspot Plant Outdoors
Place your pepperspot plant under a larger tree when grown outdoors. This will provide it with the dappled shade that it is accustomed to in its natural habitat. You can put it in a hanging basket and hang it from a tree branch so that the peperomia pepperspot vine can hang freely.
– Watering Requirements
Your pepperspot houseplant needs regular watering when the top one inch of soil dries up. Find out more by reading ahead.
– How Often Should I Water
This plant should be watered whenever its top two inches of soil becomes thoroughly dry. Depending on how dry and hot the weather is in your region, this would mean that you need to water this plant once every week or once every two weeks.
– How Should I Water
Always direct the beam of water towards the base of the plant and the soil. There is no need to wash the peperomia pepperspot leaves and stems each time. Water slowly so that it soaks through the soil at a normal pace and doesn’t get clogged up.
Collect the water coming from the drainage hole and remove it from the bottom. Always use soil that drains properly
– What Type Of Water Is Most Suitable
As rainforest species, all Peperomia plants love to be given rainwater, which is the best type of water for them. You can make a habit of collecting rainwater and using it on a weekly basis. Filtered water is your next best option because it is also free of minerals and toxins that are detrimental to this plant’s growth.
– Soil Requirements
The potting soil for your pepperspot must be loose enough to allow their epiphyte roots plenty of space to grow freely. Add perlite, gravel, bark and wood chips to improve the gloominess of the soil.
The soil also needs to be able to retain moisture. Add organic manure, peat, and compost for this effect.
– Temperature Requirements
Average warm temperatures around 65 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit are needed by this tropical plant in order to thrive. Luckily, most homes have ambient temperatures that fall within this range. Take care not to let this plant be exposed to temperatures below 59 degrees Fahrenheit. It will get cold shock and begin to die.
– How To Save Your Plant From Cold Shock
Moving your plant inside when the weather starts turning cold is a wise move. In fact, we totally endorse keeping pepperspots as an indoor plant.
Indoors, choose a spot that is away from cold drafts of air from vents and air conditioning units. Take care not to let the window near this plant open during the cold evening hours and nighttime.
– Humidity Requirements
The ideal range for Peperomia pepperspot humidity is 40 to 90 percent. The stem and leaves of this plant store moisture, which is why they can tolerate fluctuations in their surrounding humidity levels.
– How To Improve Humidity
Place a humidity tray under the pot if you are growing this plant in one. Mist this plant very lightly, preferably during midday hours. In fact, this plant really seems to love rainwater misting.
If you have more plants like this, then move them all close together, but do make sure that air circulation is not compromised.
– Fertilizing Requirements
Luckily, your pepperspot house plant doesn’t need to be fertilized very often. You only need to fertilize it once every month during the growing period.
Learn about the different types of fertilizers you can use in the upcoming sections.
– Using Organic Feed
Add organic nutrient-rich ingredients to your soil at the beginning of each growing season. These ingredients are comprised of manure, compost or worm castings.
– Using Commercial Fertilizers
Commercial fertilizers for this plant need to have a balanced ratio of all the nutrients. Always dilute these fertilizers before use. It is best if you water the plant’s roots first and then apply fertilizer. Watering will protect your roots from developing nasty fertilizer burns.
You can occasionally prune your pepperspot plants, especially if they are looking too bushy or leggy. Pruning helps the plant conserve energy and makes it look its best.
Propagate Peperomia pepperspot using either stem or leaf cuttings. Out of these two methods, the former one has been found to have better chances of success than using leaf cuttings.
Find out all about propagation in detail below.
– Stem Cuttings
Always choose a healthy-looking stem for propagation. Use clean and sterile gardening scissors to cut off three to four inches of stem. Place this piece of stem on a paper towel to dry for a couple of hours. Apply rooting hormone on both ends of the cutting.
Fill a jar or a glass with clean, filtered water, then place your cutting in it. In a couple of days, new roots and shoots will begin to grow out of your cutting. Wait until the new roots and shoots are at least two inches long before taking the baby plant out of the water and putting it in the soil inside a pot or a basket.
– Leaf Cuttings
You can also propagate this plant using leaf cuttings! Simply take healthy leaves that are neither too old nor too young. Pluck them off the stem by twisting gently with your hands, then take a scissor and cut the leaf into two halves.
Apply rooting hormone on the leaf-cutting. Rooting hormone greatly increases your chances of getting a successful propagation. Fill a basket or a pot with the appropriate soil substrate. Make a hole in its center and place your cuttings inside such that they are half-submerged in the soil.
If your propagation goes successfully, you should have new roots and shoots growing out in a couple of weeks.
June is the time when this plant ideally should be propagated. The temperatures around that time are just right for the growth of new roots and shoots.
Some common problems with this plant include attacks by pests and root rot because of overwatering.
Read all the details below.
The Pepperspot plant is often attacked by sap-sucking insects like aphids and mealybugs.
– Signs of Pest Attacks
When undergoing a pest attack, the leaves of the affected plant will begin to exhibit yellow spots on it. The pests usually leave a sticky substance on the surface of the leaves. This stuff attracts mold and produces a fungal infection.
In severe cases, you will notice that the leaves will turn completely yellow. They will then begin to fall off. Larger bugs, like mealybugs, can also be seen sneaking about under the leaves.
– How To Get Rid of Pests
Regularly washing the plant each month and pruning extra leaves will prevent a bug attack. You can use organic methods to get rid of bugs. These include vinegar mixed with water, neem oil, and milk spray to remove them.
An insecticide is another option for killing sucking bugs off. Use one with low concentration and spray sparingly.
– Root Rot
Peperomia pepperspot root rot occurs when it is watered even when the soil hasn’t started drying up. It also occurs when the soil isn’t draining well enough. Poor drainage of the pot or basket is the third major cause.
– Signs of Root Rot
The leaves will begin to turn yellow and appear more swollen than usual in the initial stages of root rot. Proper brown-colored rot spots will appear on the leaves and the stems as the disease progresses. These rust spots will be wet and spongy in appearance.
– How To Get Rid of Root Rot
Remove the whole plant from its soil and inspect it carefully. Wash off the excess soil then take sharp gardening scissors and cut off all the infected parts of the roots, stems and leaves.
Repot in fresh, sterilized soil. Keep spraying with a potent fungicide for a couple of weeks afterward.
Why don’t we go over the main points of this guide once more?
- Pepperspot is a semi-succulent plant with tiny, bulbous leaves and wiry stems. It grows best under dappled sunlight and a regular supply of water. Rainwater is the most suitable for it.
- It likes to grow in moderately warm temperatures ranging from 65 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit. Although it likes high humidity, it can also tolerate moderate air moisture levels around 40 to 60 percent.
- You can propagate this plant using stem as well as leaf cuttings. Always use clean and sterile gardening tools for taking cuttings for propagation.
- In case of a pest attack, your plant’s leaves might exhibit yellow spots, generalized yellowing, or the presence of a sticky substance on their surface.
With its juicy foliage and compact size, the pepperspot plant makes the best indoor plant. Just make sure it is kept bright and warm with regular watering. Our guide is here to help you with everything!
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