The philodendron will look lovely in your garden, patio, living room, or yard. The modern plant “Philodendron Furcatum” is a prime illustration of why Philodendrons are so well-liked worldwide.
With its beautiful leaves, Philodendron deserves a spot in your home. If you are confident that you’ll do fine owning this plant, we would love to make this as easy as possible for you by providing you with all the plant care information you could need in this article.
- What Is Philodendron Furcatum?
- Philodendron Furcatum Care Guide
What Is Philodendron Furcatum?
The Philodendron Furactum plant is considered high maintenance because it can be challenging to provide it with the ideal atmosphere. Plant your Philodendron in well-draining soil for spectacular growth. This type can’t withstand heat, so steer clear of placing this Philodendron in areas that receive harsh, direct sunlight.
Philodendron Furcatum Care Guide
Here’s how you may take care of this beautiful plant, all the details are in this guide, from the water requirements, all the way to the pruning guide.
– Water Requirements
This Philodendron was discovered by plant collectors growing close to forest stream banks, which indicates that it prefers to flourish in wet environments.
From this, we can gather that this plant needs a lot of water to survive as a houseplant. Therefore, you should water young plants with developing roots every second or third day.
This plant is sensitive to the quality of the water, which is why you should use water with soluble calcium as fertilizer.
If heat waves are frequent in your area, water them twice or three times daily to help them survive the heat wave.
However, only a plant with strong roots can withstand frequent watering; your plant will develop a root rot infection if the roots are not strong enough to withstand constant watering.
– Light Requirements
For the optimal leaf size, color, and structure, grow the Philodendron furcated in some shade, away from direct sunlight that can dry the plant out and cause crunching of the foliage. You may also grow it inside in dimly lit regions inside your home.
– Soil Requirements
In-ground and in pots, Philodendrons should be grown on an organically rich, well-drained substrate. Doing so will also prevent the soil from compacting with each watering session if you use a well-draining soil mixture.
Philodendrons can typically only be grown in sphagnum moss. But this particular variety can also be grown with a peat-based mixture containing perlite and vermiculite.
This plant needs a moist growing medium, so the soil you pick must retain moisture. Increase the fertilization if you’re using a soilless mixture due to the lack of nutrients in the soilless mix.
– Temperature Requirements
This tropical houseplant requires lower temperatures than typical tropical houseplants. Keep at temperatures no above 86 degrees Fahrenheit since it cannot withstand prolonged exposure to heat (30 degrees Celsius).
It will thrive if you give this plant a cool environment at night. This plant can be kept close to a fan, but you might need to water it more frequently because it dislikes growing in a dry atmosphere.
– Humidity Requirements
The high humidity needed for this Philodendron makes it a challenging indoor plant. Maintaining air humidity values of 85 percent or more is required. The optimal environment for this plant’s growth is a heated indoor greenhouse. However, even the greenhouse may need a humidifier to ensure this plant’s health.
Your plant needs more humidity if the surface of its leaves has yellow haloes and the tips are brown. To prevent these on new leaves, raise the humidity levels. The Furcatum can be kept next to a humidifier, a pebble tray, or misted foliage.
Rare tropical leaves with veins, color, and lobes can be seen on these plants. This tropical beauty may be grown outdoors in USDA hardiness zones 11 through 13.
– Fertilizing Requirements
Because it is not a heavy feeder, this houseplant is simple to take care of in terms of feeding. However, feeding it during its growing season can offer it an edge in handling stress.
In the spring and summer, it’s preferable to fertilize it twice a month. Later, during the winter and fall, don’t add anything. For the specific type of fertilizer you are using, follow the manufacturer’s directions given on the fertilizer.
– Pruning Requirements
On this Philodendron, pruning is done to remove stunted, yellow, malformed, or dead foliage. When pruning, be careful not to harm any healthy leaves.
Additionally, you can eliminate any bruised leaves that give your plant a bad look. If you prune closer to a leaf node, new growth will rapidly appear on your plant.
The best way to propagate this plant and to see it grow is through stem cutting. The plant will thrive once it is cut and placed in a good environment so that it prospers, blooms, and thrives
A failed cutting could arise from propagating this Philodendron at the incorrect time if it is propagated during any season other than spring. Prevent cuttings from propagating in the winter or fall since they will root slowly or not.
Additionally, an important consideration is the cutting’s size. Small cuttings lack the accumulated nutrients and energy necessary to force new growth.
Cut the cuttings around the leaf node after taking them from an established plant. Sprinkle some rooting hormone on the mother plant now, and the cuttings will mend and grow roots.
The cutting should be between four and six inches long. When taken from mature growth, the cuttings have a better chance of taking root. A minimum of one healthy leaf should be present on your cutting.
To plant the cutting, make a peat-based propagation mixture. It is not advised for the mature or immature Philodendron to be in an environment with dry soil and intense sunlight.
To help the cutting root take root more quickly during the first few weeks, you must keep moist soil. To seal the moisture around the cutting, you can alternatively wrap it in a clear plastic bag. Make holes in the bag so that air can flow through. The leaves will aid the cutting in absorbing moisture up until the plant’s root system is well-established.
– Yellow Leaves
Some of the causes that the plant’s leaves are turning yellow from their beautiful green color would be because of not keeping the potting mixture dry between waterings. Hence what you can do is have a watering routine with the plant so that it doesn’t turn the leaves yellow.
Furthermore, the yellowing may be the result of making use of cold or chlorinated water, because this plant doesn’t thrive and doesn’t feel safe if the water it is being nurtured with has chlorine or is at a cold temperature.
Other reasons may be inadequate light or putting the plant in an area with no light, hence the plant will feel stressed and turn yellow. In addition to having inadequate fertilizing, this would decrease the nutritional sufficiency of the plant.
Trimming the fading, yellowing leaves is the first step. As a result, nutrients will be concentrated on new green growth. Now examine each of the four problems mentioned above. Replace your soil with a well-draining soil mixture if it stays wet for an extended period. Philodendrons should only be watered once the top 1/3 of the soil has dried.
Use only water that is lukewarm or at room temperature. To get rid of the chlorine, let the water sit overnight. Put your Philodendron in a location with a mix of light and shade because it needs a slightly shaded setting. During the growing seasons, fertilize the soil every two to three months. By doing this, any nutrient deficits in the potting soil can be overcome.
– Root Rot
Philodendron root rot is most frequently characterized by leaf yellowing, a rotten plant base, and stunted growth. If your plant exhibits any of these symptoms, check the root system immediately for an infection of root rot.
Along with inadequate growth, high temperatures and a dry environment render your plant susceptible to mite infection and leaf shedding.
– Bacterial Leaf Spot
Your Philodendron has bacterial leaf spots if the edges of the leaves start to develop whitish spots that later turn brownish-red. Yellow haloes surround these locations as well. The pathogen Xanthomonas campestris PV. Dieffenbachia is responsible for this spotting.
Always purchase disease-free houseplants from reputable vendors because newly purchased plants are typically how bacterial leaf spot is spread. Once this bacteria is present, overhead irrigation promotes its proliferation. Therefore, you should water your plant from the base.
Cut off any diseased leaves as well. After trimming, clean everything carefully to prevent the bacterial leaf spot from infecting further plants.
Mealybugs and spider mites are two pests that Philodendron frequently battles. They consume plant cells and can seriously harm the leaves if neglected. Keep the foliage dust-free and clean to avoid pest invasion. Neem oil can also be applied as a daily spray to your plants.
Isolate and trim the diseased foliage to treat an infected plant. To get rid of any mites or mealy bugs that may be crawling on the leaves, wash both sides of the leaves vigorously with strong water streams. Apply a spray to the foliage by combining rubbing alcohol and dish soap. Once you’re certain that your Philodendron is pest-free, repeat the spraying process for a few weeks.
If your plant is seriously unwell, you must get rid of it because it could spread the infection to other healthy plants in your garden or indoor collection.
– Curling of Leaves
Curled leaves indicate inadequate moisture. Most likely, your furcatum needs more water. To aid in restoring the leaves to their original state, increase the watering frequency.
Avoid planting this Philodendron in hot climates as it is not heat-tolerant. This plant detests abrupt changes in temperature, environment, or irrigation practices. To aid in its acclimatization, have a regular plan for care. In addition to allowing for easy drainage, the soil medium should provide airflow around the roots. After all, oxygen is necessary for the roots to breathe.
– Is This Philodendron Poisonous?
Yes, everything on this magnificent plant is deadly, making it unfit for eating by either animals or people. The herb can irritate the skin as well.
– How Big Does the Philodendron Furcatum Grow?
This Philodendron will grow to a height of 6.5 to 9.8 feet if you maintain ideal growing conditions (two to three meters). Its spread ranges from one to three feet.
Water the newly transplanted plant until water begins to seep out of the drainage hole. You can repot your Philodendron every two to three years if it thrives in the right conditions.
Because of its forked veins, it is known as “Furcatum.” The leaves are semi-quilted and have a sparkly finish. They are called scandent stems because they will expand in a climbing pattern. Each leaf contains three triangular or heart-shaped veins that are bright in color.
In contrast to the upper side, the underside of the leaves is paler. Unlike other Philodendron species, this one has smooth petioles. Since this creeper grows slowly, plant growers with little room can cultivate it.
– Philodendron Lynnhannoniae Vs Furcatum?
Although these two plants appear to be identical twins, you will need to look more closely at the stem or petiole to distinguish between them.
While Lynnhannoniae has a smooth petiole, Furcatum has a fuzzy petiole. The leaves of the Furcatum are also more triangular than the other plant.
– Is Repotting Essential for Philodendron Furcatum?
Yes, Repotting is the ideal approach to maintain the root system and prevent root rot. You can move your picky companion to a new pot if it outgrows its current one.
However, as this plant does not enjoy being disturbed, this should only be done when required. To lessen transplant stress, hydrate your Philodendron a day before repotting. On the other hand, watering it on the day of repotting will make the task more challenging.
Tap the pot on the bottom and sides to release the root ball and plant. Check the root ball carefully for any indications of root rot. Dark, mushy roots typically indicate rot damage. Cut these. To promote new growth, you should also carefully separate the roots.
Do not become alarmed if you just acquired Philodendron is losing lower leaves and growing slowly. This indicates that the plant is experiencing transplant shock. Maintain ideal growing conditions during recuperation, which will take some time.
After repotting, this species’ blooms are rather unknown, and its distinctively patterned leaves are its claim to fame. It has stunning unribbed, pale green foliage. The leaf blades have lobes and are bicolored.
This Philodendron is among the most popular plants on many gardeners’ bucket lists. Growing this rare aroid and dispersing cuttings among plant enthusiasts will help protect the beauty of this threatened species. Key takeaways from this post to remember are:
- This Philodendron is not heat-tolerant; therefore, don’t grow it in hot climates.
- This plant dislikes sudden changes, hence you have to maintain a routine care plan.
- The soil media should allow airflow around the roots and simple drainage.
- Slow development and foliage loss indicate transplant shock; maintain optimal growth conditions throughout the lengthy recovery period.
- Keep in mind that this plant loves humidity, and it thrives best when the humidity range is 85 percent.
Like its cousin Philodendron Lynnhannoniae, this is a finicky houseplant, but you can figure out what works best for your plant by experimenting and watching it. Good luck looking after this beauty!