Philodendron melanochrysum care can be a bit tricky, but don’t worry, we have compiled an easy-to-follow guide to make it all simple for you! The Philodendron melanochrysum plant is by far the finest species of Philodendron and is considered one of the best climbing plants.
The velvety blackish-green leaves create a striking display and the heart-shaped foliage grows big. Younger plants have copper-red leaves and grow into spectacular plants.
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- Philodendron Melanochrysum Plant Care Guide
- Frequently Asked Questions
Philodendron Melanochrysum Plant Care Guide
Let us look at each segment in-depth and learn what Philodendron melanochrysum loves and hates.
Philodendron melanochrysum soil needs to have good drainage. A well-drained soil mixture avoids root rot, controls fungus, and keeps plants happy; drainage holes in the pot help remove the excess water from the containers.
Water must also not drain too fast. To make a perfect texture of the soil for Philodendron melanochrysum, use sphagnum peat moss. It is considered the best growing medium for this plant. It helps in the aeration and drainage of water and keeps roots healthy.
Peat moss is also an organic growing medium for Philodendron melanochrysum. It supplies balanced food and essential plant nutrition to the plants too. But watch out; it may work as a sponge and store water. Be careful while watering the peat moss.
Gardeners use a hydroponic net pot to grow Philodendron melanochrysum in peat moss. There is excess space for the water to drain. The hydroponic pot also increases the evaporation and keeps the root safe.
Philodendron melanochrysum will not like dry and sandy soil. Use a good quality of peat moss for best results.
Philodendron melanochrysum needs the kind of light that is best described as a bright shade. You read it right. Bright shade means filtered sunlight or indirect light. It means you want the light to shine on your Philodendron melanochrysum indirectly.
Direct exposure to light can quickly burn the plant leaves. Discoloration of leaves also occurs when sunlight hits the leaves. The key is to create a tropical environment for your plants.
In their natural setting, Philodendron melanochrysum lives under the shade. The sunlight spread above them on the sheltering plant.
As a houseplant, it needs indirect light and needs to be sheltered from direct light. You can also grow Philodendron melanochrysum under grow lights placed six inches away from the plants.
Philodendron melanochrysum watering needs are quite basic. A healthy plant needs to be hydrated. Furthermore, Philodendron melanochrysum will not like to be overwatered. It is best to let the soil dry out before the next watering.
You can master this skill by observing the soil. You can use your finger to check the soil if it is dry or wet. Observe how fast it dries out. Insert your finger two inches deep.
If it comes out dry, then it is time to water. If it is wet, then allow it to dry for the next few days. Make sure there is not a prolonged dry period between watering. In the same manner, soggy soil will be more harmful to the plants.
Philodendron melanochrysum likes breathable soil. Overwatering will cause root rot and cause a lack of oxygen supply and weakens the roots. The roots of Philodendron melanochrysum decay and rot in such conditions.
Philodendron melanochrysum thrives between the temperatures of 70-80 degrees Fahrenheit.
The lowest acceptable temperature for these plants is 60 degrees Fahrenheit. Temperatures lower than this can harm the plant.
The Black Gold Philodendron melanochrysum doesn’t need highly humid conditions to grow. It will enjoy more humidity, but it is not essential. A humidity level of 60 percent is ideal for your vines to grow lush and healthy.
You can always increase humidity in your growing area using different methods.
- Group plants together to increase moisture
- Install a humidifier
- Mist your plants
- Place a pebble tray under the pot
In an outdoor setting, you will be lucky if it rains often and the plant has a perfect sheltered place to grow.
Philodendron melanochrysum will love a treat of nitrogen-rich natural or synthetic fertilizer. This fertilizer ensures lush growth of the foliage. Make sure the soil is moist when you feed your plants. Dry soil will burn the roots of Philodendron melanochrysum.
Also, avoid fertilizing in winters because this is the resting time for your plants. Spring is the best time to fertilize your plants.
Philodendron melanochrysum plants will grow up to five feet high in the best growing conditions indoors. Outside, it can grow up to twenty feet long. The plant has leaves that can grow up to two feet in length. These are large plants. You need to have a room that can comfortably fit both the height of the plant and the length of the leaves.
Philodendron melanochrysum needs to be repotted when it outgrows the existing pot. It depends on the growth rate of the Philodendron melanochrysum. Sometimes it takes two years for these plants to grow big enough.
Repot only in spring and choose a pot that is bigger than the previous one. Water generously afterward. You mustn’t untangle the roots of Philodendron melanochrysum.
Propagating Philodendron melanochrysum can be a fun activity. Who doesn’t want more than one of such gorgeous plants? Here are a few things to remember before you sharpen your pruning shears:
- If you are a beginner gardener, then use the stem cutting method.
- Air layering is a bit of an advanced way to propagate your plants.
- The best time to propagate Philodendron melanochrysum is in spring.
- Never propagate during the winter months when the plant is resting.
Propagating Using Stem Cuttings:
- Always use sterilized pruning shears for cutting the stems for propagation.
- Clean your shears using isopropyl alcohol.
- Cut exactly above the leaf node, but leave two leaves attached to it. Stem cuttings that are two to four inches big will be perfect.
- Cure your cuttings and let them create a calloused end.
- Allow the cutting to dry out for a week.
- Once the cutting is cured, plant your cuttings in a pot.
- Add peat moss to the containers that have drainage holes.
- Make a hole in the peat moss using your fingers to place your stem cuttings into the soil gently.
- Keep the leaves above the surface of the soil.
- Water your cuttings and place them in indirect light to grow.
Propagating Using Air Layering:
- Select a sterilized knife to wound your Philodendron melanochrysum stems.
- Cut into the stem of the stem with caution. Make sure it doesn’t cut through and only reaches the middle of the stem.
- The cut needs to be two inches deep and two inches long.
- Keep it open using your fingers; now, take a handful of moist peat moss and place it around the cut on the stem.
- Quickly, take a plastic wrap and move it around the wound and the peat moss.
- Duct tape can help in keeping the plastic wrap in place.
- Once the roots begin to sprout from the wound in a couple of weeks, it is time to cut.
- Carefully separate the stem, remove the plastic wrap, and plant the cutting into a potting mix.
- Water and keep it in indirect light.
Follow this guide to grow Philodendron melanochrysum using the air layering technique successfully.
Philodendron melanochrysum may face some pest attacks or show signs of sickness. Let us learn more about the symptoms, causes, and solutions.
The little pests can be very annoying to manage. They are only interested in the sap of the Philodendron melanochrysum. An aphid invasion means that the plant is losing its nutrition. It will leave plants dehydrated if left unattended.
Aphids may also transfer disease from one plant to the other. One such disease is the mosaic virus, which leaves cloudy patches between the veins of the leaves. In most cases, the virus doesn’t cause severe damage but looks ugly.
Mealybugs also like to attack the Philodendron melanochrysum vines. They also like to feed on the sap of your plant, like aphids. Mealybugs reproduce very fast and can soon leave the plant weak. They are difficult to find initially and can be seen as a little white fuzzy pest on the plant.
A gentle blow of water can be a solution if the problem is not severe. Neem oil helps reduce the problem organically. This natural remedy works in most cases.
– Leaf Drop
If your Philodendron melanochrysum is losing leaves, you may be overwatering it. Leaf drop is a reaction of root rot that happens because of overwatering. To be sure that you don’t overwater the plant. Check the following:
- The soil must be well-drained
- You are not watering the wet soil
- The pot is not too big
- The pot has drainage holes
If the damage is serious, the best way is to repot the Philodendron melanochrysum.
To do this, gently remove the plant from the pot. Inspect the roots and cut the rotten roots. Repot in new soil and improve the drainage. Remember, do not water until the soil dries.
If the roots are damaged, it’s best to take cuttings using stem cuttings and replant propagation. This method is the best rescue operation that you can perform on your Philodendron melanochrysum.
These plants will not forgive overwatering. Spend some time getting your soil, container, and temperature right. Once these basic things are in order, you will be able to manage watering Philodendron melanochrysum like a pro.
– Brown Leaves
Brown leaves of Philodendron melanochrysum can be because of various reasons. One of the reasons could be excess salt.
Excess salt in the soil can lead to the browning of leaves in Philodendron melanochrysum plants. This problem is a sign of over-fertilization of the plants. Flush the soil with water to improve the condition. To flush the salt from the soil, put the hose on slow speed over the soil. Let it gently soak the soil and drain the water. Let the water run for ten to fifteen minutes.
– Necrotic Spots on Leaves
The necrotic spots on the Philodendron melanochrysum plant is a sign of bacterial leaf spot. Wet and highly humid conditions trigger it. The wind can spread this bacteria.
These spots begin as a small dark spot on the leaf of Philodendron melanochrysum. The foliage turns unpleasing and can also die if the problem is not treated. The only treatment is to remove the infected leaves as they appear.
Keep your eyes open for these signs, and you can save your plants before things go out of hand.
Frequently Asked Questions
Why is the foliage of Philodendron melanochrysum changing colors?
The foliage of Philodendron melanochrysum is changing colors because dust is clogging the pores of the plant, leading to changes in hue. Always make sure to keep the leaves clean from dust and debris to avoid this condition.
If the plant is turning brown or yellow, then there are other reasons behind it. Yellow leaves mean there is root rot. Brown leaves are a sign of a bacterial infection. Follow the instructions above to resolve these problems.
Why is there slow growth on your Philodendron melanochrysum leaves?
There is slow growth on your Philodendron melanochrysum leaves because plant food is absent. Add a good quality nitrogen-rich fertilizer to your plants. Always add the feed to moist soil and never dry soil as it can damage the roots. The Philodendron melanochrysum is known for its large leaves.
Are Philodendron melanochrysum plants toxic?
Yes, Philodendron melanochrysum plants are toxic. It is not safe to ingest them. It is poisonous for pets and humans alike, and the sap of the plant can also cause skin irritation and rashes if you or your pets touch it.