Philodendron xanadu care infographicPhilodendron Xanadu is a houseplant for gardeners who doubt their growing skills. Grow it in a moist potting mix in indirect light. Also called Winterbourn, the refreshing green foliage brightens up any dull corner.

Our carefully compiled guide will give you the essential information needed to grow your Philodendron Xanadu plants at home.

What Is a Philodendron Xanadu?

The Philodendron Xanadu is an indoor plant with toothed foliage from Brazil. It spreads six feet wide quickly and looks impressive. Xanadu Philodendron has a tropical lineage that flourishes indoors and outdoors in warm weather. It is perfect for someone who feels he does not know much about gardening.

Philodendron Xanadu Care

Philodendron Xanadu is a perfect plant for you if you are looking for an easy-to-grow plant. Its care requirements are not complicated. The best part is that it can be placed anywhere around your home.

Grow it in a potting medium that retains moisture and also drains well. It needs bright indirect light, like other philodendrons. Since it is a plant from temperate climates, it likes temperatures between 65 to 85 degrees Fahrenheit.

A treat of fertilizer during spring or the growing season will keep it happy. Water it when needed, and the plant will grow beautifully. Philodendron Xanadu spreads 6 feet wide quickly and looks impressive. It is perfect for someone who feels he does not know much about gardening.

Here is an essential guide on how to care for a Philodendron Xanadu:


Philodendron Xanadu watering needs to be moderate. It likes to be moist and never overwatered. The key is to give it the right-sized pot and perfect potting mix that drains water well. Next, maintain its watering pattern. Water only when the soil dries out.

Water Management in Xanadu

Never water while the soil is already wet. Ideally, you should maintain moist soil for potted Philodendron Xanadu plants. If there was rain, or overwatering, and the soil is wet, wait a few days before the next watering. On the other hand, if the soil feels dry, the plant needs watering.


Here are some tips to help you get the watering right:

  • Seasons, temperatures, size of the pot, growth of the plant, soil mixture, and access to sunlight, are some factors that affect the water consumption of Philodendron Xanadu.
  • In winters, the plant will need less watering.
  • A very large pot of Philodendron Xanadu will take longer to dry out because of all the extra soil around it.
  • Low light will prevent fast evaporation of soil.
  • Heavy and compact soil mixture will prevent water drainage.
  • A pot without enough drainage holes will cause poor drainage and lead to root rot.

Keep these points in mind when learning how to water your plants. Success is guaranteed if you manage the right watering pattern for Philodendron Xanadu.


Philodendron Xanadu is a compact plant, unlike other Philodendrons. This is the reason why it needs adequate light to sustain this structure. Too much light and too little light can harm the plant.

Philodendron Xanadu will need lots of indirect sunlight. Direct exposure will burn its leaves, while shade will make the foliage pale and weak. The stems also begin to get leggy in low light and lose their vigor. 

If there are limited options to place this plant, think about a spot that gets early morning or evening sun. The light gets softened at this time of the day, and it is safe for Philodendron Xanadu plants.

– Soil

Philodendron Xanadu is a plant from the tropics and needs well-drained soil that also has rich organic content. In the forest, the leaves that decompose around it turn into plant food. That keeps the soil rich and water retentive too.

If we have to recreate such soil, we can choose peat moss, coco coir, or vermicompost mixed with perlite. Such soil will not keep the soil wet, it will keep it moist and well-drained. The best thing about peat moss is that it also stores plant food and releases it when needed.

Soil Structure

The structure of the soil is loose. Compact, heavy soil will suffocate this plant and will restrict its growth. Such soils retain a lot of moisture which is deadly for some plants, including Philodendron Xanadu. 

Adding ingredients like vermiculite and perlite improves the aeration and drainage of the soil for Philodendron Xanadu. Also, be mindful of the containers having enough drainage holes to assist in drainage.

– Temperature

Philodendron Xanadu’s temperature is another important factor that you should consider when growing it indoors. Remember, it needs to be warm and cozy since it comes from temperate regions.

You want to sustain a relatively warm temperature similar to the condition in the wild. More specifically, maintain temperature somewhere between 65 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit. A very low winter temperature is also not good for the plant.

Tips During Winter Season

This is easy to maintain for most home gardeners. If you are in cooler regions, you may have to make an effort. Here are some tips for you to keep your Philodendron Xanadu nice and warm during cooler months:

Tips for Xanadu During Winter

  • A thermostat set at 60 degrees Fahrenheit will do the trick.
  • If you do not have one, you can move your plant to the warmest place in your house.
  • Do not put the Philodendron Xanadu plant on the windowsill when temperatures drop if the windows are not double glazed.
  • Create a barrier between the plant and a cold window. You can do it by placing a bubble wrap around the plant too.
  • Keep the Philodendron Xanadu indoor during winters and avoid exposure to the cold breeze.
  • Maintain good lighting for the plant, which is essential for its survival .
  • Remember, in low temperatures and dark, shady environments, plants die. Do your best to maintain its growing environment.

– Humidity

Philodendron Xanadu will thrive in moderate to high humidity. A regular indoor environment offers this easily. If you feel it is a little dry and want to bring up the humidity levels, here are a few things you can do:

  1. Install a humidifier.
  2. Place a pebble tray under the post.
  3. Mist your plants regularly.
  4. Keep it close to other plants so that they create a microclimate and increase humidity for each other.

Note: You will have to reduce humidity levels if the plant suffers from root rot or root decay. If the pot was over-watered, then also stop using a mister or humidifier. It is best to let the water dry out before resuming.

– Fertilizer

Philodendron Xanadu soil fulfills its fertilizer requirements, and this is enough for it. You can always give it an additional boost to make up for the missing nutrients.

Spring is the right time to begin fertilizing it with a balanced plant feed. Pick a liquid fertilizer and dilute it before using it. You can spray it on the foliage once a month during the growing season. Reduce the frequency in autumn and stop in winters.

– Repotting

Change the pot of Philodendron Xanadu only when the plant overgrows its roots. The best time to do that is in spring and never in winter. The new pot must be:

  1. Two inches bigger than the last one
  2. Container has plenty of drainage holes.
  3. Ideally, made from natural material like terracotta or clay 

Other things to keep in mind are:

  1. Always transplant in spring or summer.
  2. Water plant a day before doing it.
  3. Choose evening for making the shift.
  4. Water well afterward and place it in semi-shade for a day to two to settle down.


Philodendron Xanadu is easy to propagate. There are two ways to do that: do stem or root cuttings during spring. Both methods work just as efficiently. Plants grown from stem cuttings develop fast.

The following guide will help you propagate Philodendron Xanadu step by step:

– Root Cutting

  • Water your plant a day before deeply.
  • Carefully take out the entire plant from its container.
  • Use a small shovel to divide its root cluster into sections.
  • Transfer each division to a new pot with fresh soil, which is well-draining.
  • Water thoroughly and keep in partial shade until the plants settle in their new pot.

– Stem Cutting

  • Water Philodendron Xanadu plant a day before doing this step to make sure the plant is hydrated.
  • With a sterilized garden knife, cut a section of a mature Philodendron Xanadu stem.
  • It should be around three inches in length and have at least two leaf nodes.
  • Remove bottom leaves.
  • Prepare your pot and fill it with fresh potting mix.
  • Plant the new cuttings into it.
  • Place in partial shade and water.
  • Your plant will begin rooting within two to three weeks.
  • Once you see roots and shoot, you can expose them to more light.


Although the Xanadu is a low-maintenance plant, it is sensitive to bacterial diseases. Most of these show signs on the foliage, and some start from the roots. In any case, the key to success lies in making sure that you do not overwater this plant. 

Troubles with Planting Xanadu

Overwatering causes most of these symptoms and the ones that are deadly for the plant. From bacterial growth to root decay, wet soil can ruin Philodendron Xanadu plants. Do not worry. We have made a simple guide to help you.

– Leaf Spot

This disease causes brown, yellow, or black spots. The spots appear on the foliage. They are made by a fungus, which grows in soggy soil conditions or highly humid environments.

Isolate your plants as soon as you see black spots. Next, cut down watering. It could be because the plant is overwatered. Also, stop misting the plant and turn off that humidifier.

– Erwinia Blight

This disease invades your Xanadu Philodendron soil. From its roots, it creeps up to the foliage. Wet soil is also a reason for this blight. So to counter it, withdraw overwatering. Also, pay heed to your watering method. 

Keep the potting mix evenly moist but never wet and soggy. Besides the bacterial diseases, Philodendron Xanadu can also get infested with pests. These include mealybugs and aphids. Fortunately, these are easy to deter by using insecticidal soap. You can make your own too.

Tips To Keep Philodendron Xanadu Healthy and Problem-Free

The Philodendron Xanadu needs less maintenance and basic care. Here are the main points to keep in mind to keep it healthy and happy.

  • Place your plant in a location that gets bright, indirect light.
  • If growing outdoors, look for a shady area.
  • You may have to shelter plant in winter if it gets very cold outdoor in your area.
  • Give the best potting mix to your Philodendron Xanadu plants.
  • Start feeding the plant after four weeks of the plantation.
  • Prune if needed.

Mainly, water needs to be managed well for this plant to thrive and stay problem-free. If you master the art of keeping the soil evenly moist, you may avoid most of the problems that Philodendron Xanadu faces.

Stats and Facts

Mature Height Four feet
Mature Width Five feet
Sunlight Requirement Indirect Light
Soil Requirement Well-drained, rich soil
Humidity Requirement Moderate
Growth Rate Moderate; Grows well outdoors in Zones 10-11 
Botanical Name Philodendron Xanadu

Philodendron Xanadu Features

Xanadu was produced in late 1980 from the Tree Philodendron called Selloum. It was named Winterbourne. Its present name Xanadu was trademarked in Australia. Here are some interesting facts about it:

  • Xanadu Philodendron has a tropical lineage that flourishes indoors and outdoors in warm weather 
  • Unlike other types of philodendrons, they spread in clumps rather than as mounting vines.
  • This plant is simple to grow, and a variety called Philodendron Xanadu Dwarf is also available.
  • Its green rugged leaves can grow as big as 16 to 18 inches and seven to 14 inches tall.
  • Xanadu Philodendron is best grown in containers that are two to three inches wider and deeper than the root ball.

Application in Urban Landscape

The unique-looking Xanadu Philodendron fits perfectly well into the modern landscape. From being an addition to cafes and restaurants to school buildings, the plant stars in diverse settings.

It is used as a plant for low or mid-ground plantations in subtropical gardens. Xanadu Philodendron is also used as a boundary plant and stars on roundabouts and by the roadsides. It is common to see large planters or containers in outdoor dining areas.

It is used as a plant that clumps and creates a cluster under a taller plant. Being a philodendron, Xanadu is pretty tough and competitive, which is why it grows fine under trees or in dense plantations.

Indoor Plant

Xanadu is also grown as an indoor plant, where it performs well if it is not overwatered. However, the foliage shape will be more charming and prominently lobed if grown outside in the filtered sunlight. 

Xanadu as Indoor Plant

Here are other places where you can see Xanadu Philodendrons being grown:

    • Potted gardens
    • Tropical gardens
    • School Gardens
    • Indoor dine-ins
    • Commercial plantings
    • Border plant


How Do I Water and Feed Xanadu Philodendron Correctly?

To water and feed your Xanadu Philodendron correctly, remember these points:

  • Saturate the soil letting excess water drain from the drainage holes.
  • Do not water again till the top two inches of the soil is dry.
  • Excess water will encourage yellowing leaves.
  • When it comes to fertilizing your plant, feed it every two weeks from spring to fall.
  • Use a balanced fertilizer, 10:10:10, at half-strength.
  • If new leaf growth slows down or the leaves stay small in size compared to the previous growth, you need more fertilizer.

When Should I Repot My Philodendron Xanadu?

Repotting the Philodendron Xanadu should be done every one to two years or when the plant root overgrows the pot. One sign is that the roots will begin to appear from the top surface or come out from the drainage holes. The new pot must be two to three inches bigger than the previous one.

Should I Fertilize My Plants in Winter?

No. Philodendron Xanadu does not need fertilizer in winters. It is time for the plant to rest before the growing season begins. You can start fertilizing your plants in spring, continue in summer, and all the way to fall. Remember, its growing season is in spring and summer.

Why Is Xanadu’s Foliage Turning Yellow?

The Philodendron Xanadu turns yellow when there is too much light. Consider shifting your plant to an area sheltered from direct light

It might also be because of overwatering. Another common problem is wet soil. If your potting mix is soaked with water and mushy, it jeopardizes your plant’s capacity to absorb oxygen through the roots. As a result, the foliage turns weak, yellow, and wilt.

Is the Philodendron Xanadu Plant Poisonous?

Yes. Philodendron Xanadu is poisonous and is not safe for children and pets. The plant contains calcium oxalate crystals which can cause burning sensation, itching, pain, or inflammation of the throat, lips, and tongue.

The swelling can start to other complexities, such as:

  • Heavy breathing
  • Struggle in speaking
  • Problem in swallowing
  • Profuse salivation

The sap can also irritate skin and cause allergies. It is best to wear gloves while making stem cuttings and handling the plant.

Does the Xanadu Philodendron Bear Flowers?

Yes. The Xanadu Philodendron will grow flowers when grown outdoors.

Xanadu Philodendron Bear Flowers

It rarely blooms indoors. The flowers are not attractive, and their color is usually dark red.

Is the Xanadu Philodendron Available in Other Colors?

Yes. Besides the regular dark green leaves, Xanadu Philodendron is available in other variations too. The Golden Xanadu has green and bright golden-yellow foliage.

How Do You Tell if You Are Applying Adequate Fertilizer to Your Plant?

You can tell by the growth of their leaves. If the leaves are small in size and do not show any change in growth, it could be because the plant is not getting enough fertilizer.

The color of the leaves also indicates if the plant is getting enough food. Pale leaves mean there is a lack of nutrients in the soil. Add more calcium and magnesium to turn that around. You can also try organic and natural fertilizers.


If you do not have a green thumb and doubt your skills, the Philodendron Xanadu is a perfect plant for you. The plants fill your home with greenery very fast and allow you to create refreshing corners through their lovely foliage.

Here is a quick recap of how to take care of the wonderful evergreen plan:

  • Though it will not last outside in chilly weather or frost, Xanadu Philodendron can thrive indoors and outdoors.
  • Inside, Xanadu fancies moderate, indirect light, but be careful with the brightness. Too much light can cause bleached foliage, while very low light decreases its growth.
  • This philodendron prefers daytime temperatures between 65 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit and 60 to 65 degrees Fahrenheit throughout the night.
  • Xanadu Philodendron is best planted in a loosely packed potting mix. Repotting should be done when the plant roots begin to overgrow their existing pot.
  • The plant is poisonous.

Philodendron Xanadu is a lovely plant to add to indoor space. It brings positive energy with its refreshing foliage, and it also grows fast. We hope that our care guide helped and inspired you.

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