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Potato varieties are different and growing them is an excellent choice. With all the wonderful types available out there nowadays, it may not be an easy decision. We bring a carefully constructed list of potato types of the Solanaceae family to choose from.
You will learn basic care and troubleshooting tips and tricks through the following guide. Keep reading this article as we have covered all about the different potatoes of the Solanum genus and how you could grow them!
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List of Potatoes Varieties
Potato varieties differ, some of them are butterball German potatoes, norkatah, bintje, purple majesty, red Pontiac, Viking purple, ratte, all blue, and Australian Crescent potatoes. They differ by color, texture, flesh type, and even with the vitamins that they have.
1. Butterball German Potatoes
Butterball potatoes are a type of potato that is popular for their buttery flavor and smooth texture. These potatoes are medium in size and have light brown skin with pale yellow creamy flesh.
These potatoes were first at the end of the 19th century and are now grown in different parts of Europe and are typically harvested in the fall. Growing them is a treat especially when your homegrown large-sized potatoes are harvested. These are excellent vitamins and minerals sources. These potatoes contain high levels of vitamin C, potassium, and fiber. These starchy potatoes are also a good source of iron and magnesium.
These potatoes are low in calories and fat; one medium potato contains about 110 calories and zero grams of fat. Butterball potatoes are a good choice for people trying to lose or maintain a healthy weight.
You can store butterball potatoes in a cool, dark place for up to two months. You should wash these potatoes before eating. These potatoes can be boiled, baked, mashed, or roasted. You can serve these potatoes with butter, sour cream, or gravy. You can also use Butterball potatoes in soups, and stews.
These potatoes were first brought at the end of the 19th century and are now grown in different parts of Europe and are typically harvested in the fall. Growing them is a treat especially when your homegrown large-sized potatoes are harvested.
2. Norkotah Potatoes
Norkotah potatoes are a type of potato grown in the northern United States. They are a popular choice for home gardens and farmers’ markets because they have a short growing season and are relatively easy to grow. Norkotah potatoes are typically medium-sized, with smooth, light-colored skin and flesh.
These sweet potatoes are suitable for baking, boiling, and roasting because of their soft texture.
Norkotah potatoes are a good choice for gardeners who want to grow their potatoes but don’t have a lot of space. They can be grown in containers or on the ground and don’t require much care. Norkotah potatoes are also relatively disease-resistant, which means they are less likely to be affected by pests or diseases. Norkotah potatoes typically mature in about 60 days.
If you are interested in growing Norkotah potatoes, choosing a variety that suits your climate and soil type is essential. Norkotah potatoes are typically planted after the last frost date in the spring. You should plant them in a sunny spot with well-drained soil. When it comes to harvesting Norkotah potatoes, you can begin digging them up when the plants start to turn yellow and die back.
3. Bintje Potatoes
Bintje potatoes are a type of potato grown in the Netherlands. These potatoes are known for their yellow skin and flesh, as well as their shape, which is slightly flattened.
Bintje potatoes are a waxy type of potato, which means they have a lower starch content and are therefore less likely to become mushy when cooked. This makes them perfect for dishes such as salads or roasts.
If you are thinking about growing Bintje potatoes, you will need to ensure they have plenty of space to grow. They also prefer full sun and well-drained soil. If you live in an area with a short growing season, you can start Bintje potatoes indoors about six weeks before the last frost date. Bintje potatoes typically take between 75 and 85 days and can be harvested from late summer through early fall.
Once they are planted outdoors, water them deeply about once a week. You should start to see the first potatoes developing after about two months. When the potatoes are ready to harvest, you will need to carefully dig them up so as not to damage the plants.
You can store Bintje potatoes in a cool, dark place for up to six months. Fresh seed potatoes can be grown or used as cured seeds later.
4. Purple Majesty Potatoes
Purple Majesty sweet potatoes are a type known for their deep purple skin. These potatoes are native to the Andes Mountains and have been grown in South America for centuries. The Purple Majesty potato was first introduced in the 16th century, and since then, it has become a popular choice for home gardeners and commercial growers.
These potato plants are herbaceous perennial plants and can be grown throughout the year. The spuds are relatively small, about two to three inches in diameter. They have smooth, thin skins ranging from deep purple to almost black. The flesh of these potatoes is creamy white and has a delicious flavor with a hint of sweetness.
Purple Majesty potatoes usually require some extra care to gain a bountiful harvest. They can thrive in moderate temperatures with one inch of water per week to grow. However, you should not exceed the required limit; otherwise, you will harm your potato plant.
These are very versatile and can be used in various recipes. They can be baked, boiled, mashed, or fried. They also make excellent chips and roasted potatoes.
5. Red Pontiac Potatoes
Red Pontiac potatoes are a type of potato that is commonly grown in North America. This potato variety is known for its red skin and white flesh.
Red Pontiac potatoes are medium-sized potatoes that are oval. These potatoes are good for a variety of dishes. Red Pontiac potatoes typically mature within 75 days after planting.
Red Pontiac potatoes need full sun and well-drained soil to grow properly. You should plant these potatoes in hills that are about 12 inches apart. When planting Red Pontiac potatoes, it is essential to plant them about two inches deep.
This potato variety requires about one inch of water per week. Red Pontiac potatoes are a good choice for home gardens because they resist pests and diseases.
When harvesting Red Pontiac potatoes, it is vital to wait until the plants have died. You can store these potatoes in a cool, dark place for up to six months. Red Pontiac potatoes are a good source of vitamins and minerals, including vitamin C, potassium, and iron. You can enjoy these potatoes in various dishes, including mashed potatoes, roasted potatoes, and potato salads.
6. Viking Purple Potatoes
Viking Purple potatoes are a type known for their purple skin and bluish flesh. The pigment responsible for this compelling purple color is anthocyanins, present in other blue plants and vegetables. These potatoes are native to Peru and were first introduced to Europe in the early 1900s. Viking Purple potatoes have a nutty flavor and are often used in salads, soups, and stews.
Viking Purple potatoes require full sun and well-drained soil to grow. These potatoes are susceptible to frost and should be planted after the last frost date in your area. Viking purple potatoes take approximately 70 to 80 days to mature.
When harvesting Viking Purple potatoes, be sure to wait until the plants have died back completely. The latter will ensure that the potatoes are fully mature and have the best flavor. Potatoes harvested too early may be small, immature, and not as flavorful.
7. Ratte Potatoes
Ratte or La Ratte potatoes are a variety of prized potatoes for their flavor and firm texture. These potatoes are native to Denmark, France, in the late 1800s. These potatoes are small, round, and have a thin, light-colored skin. Ratte potatoes are typically harvested in late summer or early fall.
Ratte potatoes are best grown in cool weather conditions. They prefer full sun but can also tolerate partial shade. These potatoes need well-drained, loose soil to thrive. You should plant Ratte potatoes about 12 inches apart. It takes about 60 to 90 days for Ratte potatoes to mature.
Once they get harvested, they can be stored in a cool, dark place for up to six months. When cooking Ratte potatoes, they can be boiled, baked, or roasted. If you are searching for a delicious and sweet-flavored potato, then Ratte potatoes are a great option! With their firm texture and small, round shape, these potatoes are perfect for any dish.
8. All Blue Potatoes
All blue potatoes are 100-year-old heirloom potatoes that are naturally blue. These potatoes are not dyed or otherwise altered to achieve their unique hue – they are simply a variety of potato that has blue skin and flesh. The blue color of the potato is due to a high concentration of anthocyanins and antioxidants.
All blue potatoes have a slightly nutty flavor and can be used in any dish where you usually use a white or yellow potato. They are deliciously roasted or mashed and make a beautiful addition to any plate. Blue potatoes are relatively easy to grow and will thrive in most climates. They typically take around 80 days to reach maturity, at which point they can be harvested.
All blue potatoes are a relatively new variety of potatoes, and as such, they are not yet widely available. However, you can find them for sale at some specialty grocery stores or online, and above all, you can grow them in your home garden
9. Austrian Crescent Potatoes
Austrian Crescent potatoes are tubular potatoes with smooth, thin skin that is white. They are native to the tropical Mountains and require mild temperature conditions to thrive. The flesh of the potato is also white and has a firm texture. Austrian crescent potatoes are medium in size and have a slightly nutty flavor which makes them suitable for gourmet recipes.
Austrian Crescent potatoes are versatile potatoes that you can use in a variety of recipes. They can be boiled, mashed, roasted, or baked. Austrian Crescent potatoes are also a good source of Vitamin C and potassium. These potatoes typically take about 80 days to mature. You should plant them in early spring in an area that receives full sun.
You should plant the potatoes in well-drained soil high in organic matter. When harvesting Austrian Crescent potatoes, it is essential to wait until the plants have died before digging them up. To elaborate further, it will ensure that the potatoes are fully mature and have the best flavor. Store the potatoes in a cool, dark place until you are ready to use them.
The article tells us about some widespread varieties of potatoes with their origin, taste, and care requirements.
Below are the key points that we covered throughout this article:
- Most potatoes are usually drought tolerant and can bear moderate to low temperature ranges.
- They require five to six hours of direct sunlight, high humidity, and slightly acidic soil to thrive.
- Generally, you can harvest the potato crop in the fall once the potato skins have toughened up.
- Solanums can be vulnerable to several problems, including early blight, late blight, colorado potato beetles, and fusarium wilt.
- You can grow your own potatoes at home and store them for cooking or planting them the next season.
Whether you are looking for a new potato variety in your garden this year or just want to learn more about the different types of potatoes available, we hope you have found this list helpful!