Types of trees in Kansas are wide-ranging, with this state being home to over 120 different types of native trees. Kansas has a diverse landscape and thus accommodates a variety of trees with one thing in common – they are beautiful and provide shade.

Types of Trees in Kansas

This can make it hard for a gardener to figure out the best ones for you. Here, we will discuss the best options you can add to your landscape while living in Kansas.

A List of Types of Trees in Kansas

1. White Oak

Majestic White Oak Tree

  • Distinctive gray bark with deep ridges
  • Broad crown providing shade
  • Produces acorns
  • Can grow up to 100 feet tall
  • Their width reaches up to 60 feet wide
  • Excellent shade tree
  • Shallow roots that do not damage homes in storms
  • Acorns feed the wildlife
  • Construction purposes
  • Flooring
  • Furniture and cabinets

Quercus alba is a standard tree growing in half of the United States. It is commonly found in the Mississippi River valley, growing tall and majestic. It has distinctive gray bark with deep ridges that makes it look scaly.

Most people love white oak as it’s shallow-rooted and barely causes damage during storms. This tree is a gentle giant that grows as tall as 100 feet and has lived for many years long.

However, in order to do this, you should give it the right requirements, which are moist but well-draining soil, and make sure that you wouldn’t water it more than the requirement because over-watering would harm the roots.

2. English Oak Trees

Ancient English Oak Trees

  • Large, deciduous tree
  • Has a broad crown with sturdy branches
  • Round-lobed leaves
  • Reaches up to 60 feet high
  • The spread is about 50 to 60 feet wide
  • Excellent shade tree
  • Home for many wildlife and birds
  • Hardwood timber for construction
  • Used in flooring
  • Makes wine barrels

Quercus Robur is a familiar oak tree with a lifespan of over 500 years. It is native to Europe and widely cultivated in the United States. It grows huge and wide, covering a wide area. This oak tree features many rugged branches and a wide-spread crown.

In spring, it blooms with yellow catkins, later bearing acorns. This tree can grow and tolerate some partial shades of sun, and as long as the soil is a well draining and moist one, it will grow well and mature.

3. Bur Oak

Towering Bur Oak

  • Variable-shaped leaves
  • Produces huge acorns
  • Blooms with greenish-yellow catkins
  • Grows to a height of 90 to 160 feet tall
  • The spread is about 10 feet wide
  • Resistant to air pollution and heat stress
  • Provides food for squirrels
  • Used for hardwood flooring
  • Makes cabinetry and fence posts

Quercus Macrocarpa is a long-standing tree with a lifespan of about 200 to 300 years. It is native to the eastern parts of North America and grows among the largest deciduous trees in Kansas City.

Although, the bur oak grows slowly, taking a long time to mature, it would be able to grow so tall and spread so well throughout its journey. On the same topic, this tree grows along waterways or a break in the canopy in dense forests, which is the ultimate environment for it to grow.

4. Northern Red Oak

Majestic Northern Red Oak

  • A deciduous tree
  • Bright red foliage in the fall
  • Produces acorns
  • Reaches a height of 60 to 75 feet high
  • The crown spreads to about 45 feet wide
  • Provides ample shade
  • Feeds birds and wildlife
  • Timber production
  • Used in flooring
  • Makes furniture

Quercus Rubra is a member of the red oak group native to Kansas and other parts of North America. It is a long-growing tree with a lifespan of over 300 years in gardens and lawns. This tree provides ample shade in the spring and summer, keeping you cool, and you will see it grow to 60 and even 75 feet tall.

The leaves are a breathtaking bright red in the fall, and this is a significant characteristic that this tree is known to have. Also, it is prone to tolerate different types of soil but prefers well-draining and fertile soils.

5. American Elm

Graceful American Elm

  • Smooth, gray bark
  • Graceful green leaves
  • Reaches up to 60 to 80 feet tall
  • The width is about 60 to 120 feet
  • Valuable for wildlife and birds shelters
  • Common choice tree for parks and public places
  • Used for paneling
  • Makes furniture

Ulmus Americana is a beautiful tree that features smooth gray bark and leaves (Check out our identification guide about all Elm tree types). It grows fast, covering large areas around quickly. It is commonly grown for shade as it has a broad crown. One major problem with this tree is that it hosts Dutch elm disease, which kills trees by clogging up their vascular system with fungi.

You will need to eliminate this disease immediately after you notice it to save your trees. Together with this, remember to provide it with the right care, which is having soil that will not let water clog because this tree does not thrive when the roots are placed in wetness.

6. Sugar Maple Trees

Vibrant Sugar Maple Trees

  • Dense, ovate to rounded leaves
  • Three to five lobed medium green leaves
  • The foliage turns orange, yellow, and red in the fall
  • Grows up to 50 to 80 feet tall
  • The spread is about 35 to 50 feet
  • Provides food for squirrels, deer, porcupines, etc.
  • Provides shelter for wildlife and birds
  • Makes furniture
  • Flooring
  • Makes tools handles

Acer Saccharum lasts a lifetime of about 130 years. It is one of the fastest-growing trees in Kansas. It tends to shimmer anytime there is a breeze making it look even more beautiful. The sugar maple tree also has other common names, including soft maple, water maple, swamp maple, or silver leaf maple.

These maple trees are famously known for changing color from orange to yellow, and even red and shades of purple. This would have to do with the change of seasons and the climate.

7. Flowering Dogwood

Delicate Flowering Dogwood

  • A woody, deciduous, flowering tree
  • Flowers in spring
  • Produces red fruits
  • Grows to about 15 to 25 feet tall
  • The spread can reach up to 20 feet wide
  • Does not take up much space
  • Can grow on your lawn with ease
  • Commonly used in herbal medicine
  • Used to make golf club heads and weaving shuttles

Cornus Florida is famous for producing big pink and white flowers during spring. It commonly grows in the Eastern half of the United States, including Kansas.

The flowers of this tree are the highlight as they attract bees and butterflies, providing adequate food for them, and they would also be the agents of pollination in spring when the tree is blossoming.

This is the type of tree that most people like to cultivate in their garden because of the way that it blooms multiple flowers and adds aesthetics to the garden.

8. Eastern White Pine

Stately Eastern White Pine

  • Needle-like blue-green leaves
  • Produces tiny cones
  • Grows very tall to about 230 feet
  • The spread is as broad, reaching nearly 100 feet
  • Excellent shade tree
  • Best for herbal medicine
  • Widely used timber for construction
  • For boat building, lumbar, and carving

Pinus Strobus is a long-growing tree lasting as many as 250 years, and as the tree grows in its best-given conditions, it would also thrive and grow to its utmost potential, which would be 230 feet tall. It is known as soft pine or white pine, and it is native to North America and is a valuable tree for commercial purposes.

It thrives in direct sunlight areas and takes about three to five years to produce cones; moreover, the soil of this tree should be a moist one, that has well-draining properties, and make sure you water it when the soil feels dry.

9. Eastern Red Cedar

Hardy Eastern Red Cedar

  • Has scale-like adult leaves
  • Young leaves are needle-like
  • Produces purple berry-like cones with a white wax
  • Has a spread of about 40 to 60 feet wide
  • Reaches up to 50 to 100 feet high
  • Fruits and young branches contain aromatic oils
  • For herbal medicine
  • Makes furniture
  • Used in interior paneling
  • Makes fence posts

Juniperus virginiana is a tree with the longest lifespan of about 1000 years. It is a slow-growing tree that remains a large bush for many years. It is the best tree to grow when reclaiming barren land, and when it grows, it has fragrant wood but is more fire intolerant.

When this tree is growing, it will produce cones that have some white wax in them. In addition to the latter, the tree would produce little berries as well, but you must make sure that no child nor pet would ingest them because they are intoxicating to the human body.

10. Bald Cypress

Majestic Bald Cypress

  • Deciduous conifer tree
  • Forms cypress knees on the main trunk
  • Needle-like green leaves
  • Reaches up to 35 to 120 feet tall
  • The spread is about 25 feet wide
  • Excellent rot-resistant trees
  • Increase their population that is dwindling
  • Makes fence posts and caskets
  • Used in flooring and cabinetry

Taxodium distichum is a massive tree with a lifespan of about 600 years, and it is a slow-growing cypress native to the southeastern parts of North America. It thrives in different soil conditions, and as it matures, it forms cypress knees on the main trunk.

It has needle-like green leaves that turn copper red or yellowish in the fall, which would add such a nice vibrancy to your landscape. In addition to this, the tree would grow as tall as 120 feet high and spread up to 25 feet wide, which is why it would provide some proper shade.

11. Eastern Redbud

Vibrant Eastern Redbud

  • Large, deciduous tree
  • Multi-stemmed
  • Broadly heart-shaped leaves
  • Grows to about 30 feet tall
  • The crown is about 20 to 25 feet wide
  • Takes up a tiny space
  • Can grow among other tall tees
  • Best for medicinal purposes
  • Flowers are edible in salads

Cercis Canadensis is a beautiful tree with broad heart-shaped leaves that are deep red-purple. The foliage turns into shades of orange, bronze, and red-purple in autumn. This tree is commonly grown for its striking, gorgeous foliage.

It is native to North America, growing to about 30 feet tall. It has a smaller, rounded crown that often survives beneath taller trees. When you add it to your landscape, it will grow in a beautiful manner, especially in spring, when it starts to bloom small pink flowers appear on bare stems and get pollinated by bees and birds.

12. Kentucky Coffee

Robust Kentucky Coffee Tree

  • Has scaly bark with ridges
  • Alternately arranged leaves
  • Dark reddish to green-brown leaves
  • Grows to 60 to 100 feet in height
  • The spread reaches up to 40 to 50 feet wide
  • Grown as a coffee substitute
  • Medical herbal tea is made of the leaves
  • Makes fine furniture, fence posts, railway sleepers, etc
  • Used in cabinetry
  • The bean is used to make coffee

Gymnocladus dioicus is one of the most beautiful trees to grow in Kansas. It is a legume family member and common in the eastern part of Kansas. This tree is mainly grown for ornamental purposes as it has beautiful dark reddish to green-brown foliage.

It produces both male and female flowers in early summer and using the leaves and the flowers, some medical and herbal trees can be made out of them, which would be beneficial for different aspects.

In addition to this, the tree has little pods that would grow some beans in them; however, you must make sure that your dogs won’t chew on them because they are known to be toxic.

13. Black Walnut

Valuable Black Walnut

  • Grows exceptionally tall
  • Produces large nuts with creamy insides
  • Can yield up to 500 pounds of nuts per tree
  • Reaches between 70 and 100 feet high
  • The crown is about 30 to 50 feet wide
  • Prized for its natural beauty
  • The wood is very durable
  • Hardwood is excellent for lumber
  • Best for firewood

Juglans Nigra is planted as an ornamental tree because of its unique appearance. It is native to Kansas and can grow across this whole state. This tree grows tall and produces large nuts that are creamy inside and contain proteins and vitamins.

The nuts are an excellent source of income for farmers and landscapers, as they are edible, and have great nutritional sufficiency. When you grow these trees, make sure that you would provide them with some moist and fertile soil that has well-draining properties, and the roots will establish well when you water them regularly as the soil feels dry.

14. Green Ash

Elegant Green Ash

  • Opposite pinnately compound leaves
  • Contains seven to nine serrated leaflets
  • Smooth outlined crown
  • Reaches up to 35 to 45 feet tall
  • Have a crown that extends 30 to 40 feet wide
  • Has deep roots that prevent soil erosion
  • The best disease-resistant tree
  • Makes boats and furniture
  • Used to make baseball bats

Fraxinus Pennsylvanica is commonly found in Kansas and the entire Midwest. It is commonly grown along driveways or sidewalks as it has deep roots that prevent soil erosion. As a result, it is quite beneficial for different reasons including adding some beauty to your garden.

This tree is native to Western Central and Eastern United States, and it is widely grown in habitats like mesic woodlands, swamps, riverbanks, floodplains, and open fields. In addition, this species is the most distributed of the ash species.

15. Silver Maple

Striking Silver Maple

  • Maple-shaped leaves
  • Leaves have five lobes
  • Has fragile limbs and bark
  • Reaches 50 to 80 feet tall
  • The crown spreads to about 35 to 50 feet wide
  • Contributes to the sap industry
  • Used in flooring
  • Best for firewood
  • Makes red maple lumbar

Acer Saccharinum is a fast-growing tree with a lifespan of over 130 years, and as it grows it would reach from 50 up to 80 feet high. This is the type of tree that tends to shimmer during the windy season, and it is also known as soft maple, swamp maple, or water maple.

It has a strong root system that keeps growing even in dry conditions, and it thrives better when the soil is deeply rooted, and it has acidic properties. The pale yellow leaves are beautiful in the day but drop earlier in the season.

16. American basswood

Native American Basswood

  • Produces pale yellow flowers in late spring
  • Has large green leaves
  • Reaches up to 60 to 80 feet tall
  • The diameter is two to three feet wide
  • Attracts lightning bugs, honey bees, and cloak butterflies
  • A fantastic wildlife tree
  • Used for veneer and pulp
  • For wood carving

Tilia Americana is an excellent shade tree native to Eastern North America and found in the mountains where timber trees. It belongs to the Malvaceae family and quickly grows in well-drained soils in full sun to part shade.

This tree would attract different pollinators, such as honey bees, or even birds and butterflies. In addition, the wood is used for different purposes because it has such a thick trunk that would spread from two to three feet in its diameter.

17. Hackberry

Hardy Hackberry Tree

  • Has a straight central trunk
  • The bark has bumpy warts
  • The leaves turn yellow in the fall
  • Reaches up to 30 to 60 feet tall
  • The crown reaches 20 to 30 feet wide
  • Helps control soil erosion
  • Best shade tree
  • Used as a substitute for lead manufacturing
  • Used for firewood

Celtis occidentalis is a common tree also called sugarberry. It is commonly grown in half of the United States, with Kansas no exception. It is widely used as a shade tree or a boulevard tree. It establishes fast and grows in urban landscapes due to its soil adaptability.


Types of trees in Kansas are as many as the above list. You can add many trees to your landscape that do well in this state. Here are a few pointers to remember as you plant to grow these trees.

  • Kansas has a wide variety of tree species and does not disappoint when you are trying to add some trees to your yard.
  • You can choose from evergreen conifers and deciduous trees whose leaves change color or shed in the autumn.
  • Most of these trees thrive in full sun and partial shade, with most being tolerant of drought.
  • Our best choices include the oaks and the pines, which are best for construction and lumber and have excellent shade.

There you have it; you can start your land journey with any of these trees, and don’t forget to let us know how it’s going.

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