The Acer rubrum tree is usually grown as a specimen plant, giving your garden a pop of color thanks to its orange-red fall leaves.
Easy-to-grow tree that works for less experienced gardeners.
Medium-sized fast-growing deciduous tree sheds all its leaves by the end of the season and goes through a dormant period without any leaves.
Looks pyramid-like when young but becomes more oval and round as it matures.
In the summer, it grows beautiful red flowers that add beauty to your garden.
Thrives in full sun or some shade.
Prefers moist, well-draining soil, which should be slightly acidic.
Growing a new tree from fresh cuttings is possible. However, it’s best to take the cuttings in the late spring or early summer to guarantee better results. You can also grow it from seeds.
Although this tree isn’t toxic to humans and pets, it harms ponies and horses.
Maple shoot borers usually attack these trees.
This tree is noted for its fall color, making it an excellent addition to your native garden. It’s one of the fastest growing trees in Eastern USA, adding 18 inches yearly to its height.
The main difference between this one and sugar maple is that sugar maple has hardwood, while this one has softwood.
2. Loblolly Pine
People usually grow Pinus taeda or rosemary pine for its distinguished needle arrangement.
Considered a primary lumber source in different American states.
People use the needles to make medicinal tea but shouldn’t consume them in large quantities.
Since it’s a fast-growing tree, it will help quickly fill ample space in your garden.
A good choice for novice owners because it doesn’t require frequent fertilizing or pruning. However, pruning the lowest branches will eliminate pests and diseases before they spread to the rest of the tree and keep it healthy.
You can pair it with its relatives like white pine and eastern hemlock.
Although this tree can tolerate partial shade, it grows best in full sun.
Tolerant of different soil conditions but prefers well-draining, loamy, acidic soil. It can also grow in clay and sandy soils, which explains why it’s prevalent in South Carolina.
Adjust the watering schedule according to rainfall, and ensure the tree doesn’t sit in standing water to protect the roots from rot.
Pine tip moths and pine webworms usually attack young trees.
Some trees experience a decline characterized by crown thinning and stunted growth, eventually dying.
This South Carolina native is probably the most common in landscape designs and the second most widespread tree in the US.
It’s highly adaptable and considered easy to grow. Applying a phosphorus-rich evergreen fertilizer during the tree’s first two years will help establish its root system.
3. American Sycamore
Tolerates urban pollution and provides shade, so it’s a good choice for your landscape if you want to grow a large tree.
You can pair it with understory trees like the American hornbeam or Carpinus caroliniana.
Has dark brown bark that peels easily to reveal another layer of light-colored bark.
The large toothed leaves are about 10 inches wide, and the tree grows hairy pods about 1.5 inches in diameter.
Thrives in moist soil, so regular watering is needed.
Tolerates different types of soils and pH levels.
Growing it in full sun will keep it healthy.
Prone to anthracnose, which causes leaf loss.
Heartwood rot usually affects this tree.
The Platanus occidentalis, also known as the buttonball and buttonwood tree, grows to reach about 100 feet, becoming one of the tallest deciduous trees in South Carolina.
It grows best in organically-rich soil, and when not given enough space, the roots can damage nearby structures and sidewalks.
4. Black Tupelo
Also known as the black gum tree, the tree’s dark green foliage turns into colorful shades in the fall.
In the spring, the non-showy flowers bloom and then turn into sour fruits that attract birds and other wildlife forms to your garden.
A good companion tree for American sweet gum or Liquidambar styraciflua to create a colorful fall garden.
Takes years to reach its mature size.
The bark is furrowed and simple, contrasting beautifully with the glossy green leaves.
Prefers loamy, slightly acidic soil and can handle standing water.
Tolerates clay soil that other trees won’t tolerate and withstands moisture and drought, especially when it matures.
Thrives in full to partial sunlight.
The Nyssa sylvatica has a long taproot, and it’s difficult to move, so you’ll have to pick a permanent location in your garden.
Prone to leaf spot, rust, and scale.
This medium-sized tree grows slowly, adding only one foot or two to its yearly height. It has an alligator-like bark and grows round with a straight trunk.
There are several varieties to grow in South Carolina, including Autumn Cascades and Wildfires.
5. White Oak
Quercus alba attracts different pollinators to your pollinator garden.
Attracts birds and other fragrant trees like sassafras, known as sassafras albidum.
The bark is a medicine for fever, cough, diarrhea, and arthritis.
Grows to reach 100 feet tall in the wild, like the tulip tree or Liriodendron tulipifera. On your property, you can expect it to be about 60 feet tall.
The gray bark adds beauty to your landscape, where the tree symbolizes endurance.
Pair it with understory trees like the blackjack oak and American holly.
Easy to grow but needs plenty of space to allow its root system to spread.
Although this tree can survive in partial shade, it needs full sun exposure to achieve colorful fall foliage.
Thrives in slightly acidic to neutral deep moist soil and should be watered regularly until it gets established.
Oak leaf blister and powdering mildew usually infect this tree.
Regular pruning to remove the sick branches and leaves will keep the tree healthy.
There are almost 15 kinds of oak trees in South Carolina, but this one is the most common in landscape designs and private properties, right after cabbage palmetto.
Not only do these trees provide ornamental value, but they also preserve the native wildlife forms.
6. Bald Cypress
The needles turn to golden copper in the fall but quickly fall off the tree, creating a rich-colored mulch in your garden, benefiting your native plants.
A good specimen tree in rain gardens, where other trees won’t survive.
Represents a food source for birds, rabbits, deer, and bugs.
Has beautiful feathery jade needles.
Most people grow it for the appealing woody projections that protrude from the base of the trunk. They stabilize the tree when it grows in swamps and wet soil next to other moisture-loving trees like the river birch.
Before planting your Taxodium distichum tree, pick a permanent location.
Grow this tree in good-draining soil that retains moisture. High acidity levels are essential, so you must add peat moss if the soil is neutral.
Thrives in full sun and wet conditions but can withstand some drought. However, dry conditions will lead to mite infestation.
It grows slowly, so you should consider future planning of your landscape, thinking of how big it will get after a few years.
Requires work and maintenance, so you should amend the soil if the conditions aren’t favorable.
Removing the protrusions is too much work, so it’s better to include them in your landscape design with other types of trees in Charleston, SC, for a native garden.