Varieties of yucca plants are known for their large, spiky leaves that grow on thick woody stems belonging to the Asparagaceae family. Due to their beautiful palm tree look, yucca plants are ideal for ornamental landscape purposes.

Varieties of Yucca Plants

Growing them in your backyard creates a tropical vibe that you will love. Here are some varieties you can add to your collection.

A List of Varieties of Yucca Plants

1. Adams Needle

Striking Adams Needle Yucca

  • Has dramatic tall stalks
  • Produces clusters of vibrant white flowers
  • Has long sword-shaped green leaves
  • This shrub reaches up to three feet tall
  • Forms a clump that is at least three feet tall and one-foot wide
Distinctive feature 
  • Has thin filaments in their foliage
  • Has thread-like growths giving it the name filamentosa
Growing zones 
  • Thrives in USDA hardiness zones 4 to 11
  • It is cold hardy
  • Tolerates temperatures as low as 10 degrees Fahrenheit

Yucca Filamentosa is a variety of the flowering yucca that has beautiful blooms. It produces a dramatic tall stalk with massive clusters of dazzling white flowers reaching up to eight feet high. Its common name is needle and thread due to the thread-like growths on this plant.

If you wish to grow it well and see it thrive, you should make sure that you would place it in a location where it will receive proper sunlight, and water it only when the soil feels dry. To elaborate the latter even further, remember the plant does not like when the soil is wet, as the roots become weak.

2. Spineless Yucca Plant

Graceful Spineless Yucca Plant

  • Tall characteristic
  • Has no spines on the leaves
  • Has smooth leathery evergreen leaves
  • Reaches up to 30 feet tall outdoors
  • Grows to five feet tall indoors
Distinctive feature 
  • Has smooth leathery evergreen leaves.
  • They grow in a spiral rosette shape like palm tree
Growing zones 
  • Do well in hardiness zones 9 to 10
  • It tolerates as much as 90 degrees Fahrenheit.

Yucca Elephantipes is one of the tallest yucca plants you can grow, and this plant would at times start to bend when it grows so tall; hence it needs support. Its name comes from the lack of spines on the leaves. As the plant matures, its thick gray stem resembles an elephant’s foot; that’s why the botanical name is elephantipes.

This is the type of plant that is one of the best yucca plants to grow indoors as it has no spines. It grows slowly, taking many years to reach the mature height of five feet. It is one of the types that would show such a beautiful feature in the house, as long as you make sure to provide it with the right requirements, which are well-draining soil, and plenty of sunlight.

3. Spanish Bayonet

Dramatic Spanish Bayonet

  • Has long sword-like leaves
  • Has evergreen blades with sharp serration
  • Produces clusters of white flowers
  • Grows up to five to 10 feet tall
  • The flowering stems reach up to two feet long
Distinctive feature 
  • Has densely growing spike leaves
  • These leaves form crowns on multiple stems
Growing zones 
  • Thrives in USDA hardiness zones 7 to 11
  • Prefers arid landscapes in coastal regions

Yucca Aloifolia is one of the most ornamental of the yucca plant family; in addition, it is also called the dagger yucca and has long sword-like leaves. The leaves are not just sword-like, but they also have evergreen blades with sharp serration along the tip and margins, and they would show their beautiful pointy tips and smooth texture.

Though this plant prefers to grow in the coastal regions to complement other tropical trees, it also does well indoors. As long as they are in zones seven to 11 in the USDA hardiness regions, they will thrive; just make sure that you won’t overwater the plant, and do not place it under full sunlight.

4. Spanish Dagger

Sharp Spanish Dagger Yucca

  • Has sword-like narrow dark green leaves
  • It is multi-stemmed
  • Produces white flowers with a purple-red hue
  • Grows up to eight feet tall
  • The leaves can reach up to two to four feet tall
Distinctive feature 
  • Has rigid, sharp leaves
  • These leaves grow in a rosette pattern
Growing zones 
  • Does well in warmer climates
  • Thrives in USDA hardiness zones 7 to 11
  • Tolerates cold temperatures down to zero degrees Fahrenheit

Yucca Gloriosa has a similar name among other yuccas by its features and how tall it grows. This variety can grow on sandy textured soil, and under warmer climates. It also features sword-like narrow dark green leaves and is multi-stemmed, and has beautiful white flowers with a purple-red hue.

It has several cultivars like a bright star and variegata, and some people also mistake it for the white yucca plant, because their leaves look similar, and their flower colors resemble as well. However, in order to see this plant growing and developing, you must place it under direct sunlight.

5. Red Yucca Plant

Vibrant Red Yucca Plant

  • Has grass-like leaves, and pinkish flowers
  • Has spineless leaves
  • They grow in a rosette shape
  • Grows up to three to six feet tall
  • The stems reach up to five feet tall
Distinctive feature 
  • The blueish-green leaves turn to reddish bronze
  • The leaves are spineless
Growing zones 
  • Grows in USDA hardiness zones 6 to 11
  • Tolerates dry climates

Hesperaloe parviflora is not a true yucca, but it does resemble one so much, but it grows from the soil and doesn’t have a trunk-like structure to stand on. It gets its name from how the bluish-green leaves turn reddish bronze during the cold season.

In addition, the red yucca plant produces dainty bell-shaped red or dark pink flowers. It is drought tolerant and best for growing in borders and pots.

On another note, it does not cause harm since it has no spines, but it can be toxic to humans and pets when ingested. When you place it under full sun, that when the plant will start to look red and brighter in its color.

6. Joshua Tree

Iconic Joshua Tree

  • Has thick, fibrous trunk
  • The trunk divides into thick branches
  • Has compact clumps of spiky sharp dark green leaves
  • Reaches up to 49 feet tall
  • The roots can go down to 36 feet tall
Distinctive feature 
  • A rare yucca tree with blue leaves
  • Has thick branches
Growing zones 
  • Grows in USD hardiness zones 6a to 8b
  • Adapts to the hot Mojave Desert weather

Yucca Brevifolia is a fast-growing desert tree symbolic of the Mojave Desert, hence you would see the Joshua tree more commonly. It has a thick fibrous trunk that divides into thick branches.

It grows as tall as 49 feet, with the roots reaching for moisture. Moreover, the plant would also produce beautiful clusters of white flowers in late winter and early spring, and it would thrive with its beautiful thick trunk standing tall.

7. Soapweed Yucca Plant

Fragrant Soapweed Yucca Plant

  • Has small leaves
  • Has long narrow spiky leaves
  • Features a globular growth habit
  • Grows about two feet tall and wide
  • The flowering stems are three feet tall
Distinctive feature 
  • Its long narrow spiky leaves
  • Unique globular growing habit
Growing zones 
  • Thrives in hardiness zones four to eight
  • Cold hardy thriving in low temperatures

Scientifically this plant is known as the yucca glauca, and it is a drought tolerant plant that commonly grows in deserts. It is also cold, and hardy, it can also withstand low temperatures.

It has small and sharp leaves and grows as a low shrub. It is also known as the Spanish Bayonet but a different species from the original bayonet.

This plant is known to grow at its full potential in zones of four to eight, and it would show its beautiful and narrow leaves when it does. Just make sure that you would water it when the soil is dry when you touch it, and the sunlight provided must be bright and direct.

8. Banana Yucca Plant

Robust Banana Yucca Plant

  • A perennial evergreen shrub
  • Has long thin spiked leaves
  • The flower stalks do not grow as tall
  • Grows to about three feet tall
  • The leaves are about one to three feet long
Distinctive feature 
  • Blooms with white flowers
  • Bears banana shaped fruits
Growing zones 
  • Grows in USDA hardiness zones 4a to 9a
  • It is a popular spiky shrub for the Mojave Desert

Yucca baccata or banana yucca plant is native to arid deserts in Mexico and the states of the US. It is one of the short spiky shrub that grows in the Mojave Desert, and this would indicate that it thrives in these locations and this type of environment.

It is distinct as it produces a banana-shaped fruit that appears after the blooms. The flower stalks of this species does not grow as tall as other yucca species.

9. Mojave Yucca Plant

Hardy Mojave Yucca Plant

  • Has dangerously sharp leaves
  • Looks like a medium-sized tree
  • Has a spiked green crown
  • Grows up to 16 feet tall
  • The flowers have a four feet flower stem
Distinctive feature 
  • Looks like a medium sized tree
  • Has sharp, stiff foliage
Growing zones 
  • Grows in USDA hardiness zones 5 to 11
  • Grows in full sun
  • Tolerates partial shade

Yucca schidigera is another type of yucca Spanish dagger. It is native to Mojave Desert and has dangerously sharp leaves. It is a type of Mojave yucca that grows up to 16 feet tall, and would also look like a medium-sized tree with spiked green crowns.

The sharp, stiff foliage is a yellowish-green or bluish-green color; of course this would vary. On the other hand, the white flowers are like the icing on the cake, with a purple tinge blossom, which would grow from 16 to 18 inches in their height.

10. Beaked Yucca Plant

Distinctive Beaked Yucca Plant

  • The crown is a round pom-pom
  • It has hundreds of sharp thin blades
  • Produces a large cluster of white flowers
  • Grows up to six to 15 feet tall
Distinctive feature 
  • The pom-pom crown with sharp thin blades
  • The large cluster of white flowers on the foliage
Growing zones 
  • Thrives in hardiness zones five to 11
  • It tolerates temperatures as low as -10 degrees Fahrenheit

Yucca rostrata is a spectacular single-stemmed yucca with stunning bluish-green leaves. These leaves have a way of radiating from the trunk’s top, which would add such a beautiful feature to the plant and would also add to the aesthetic of where it is located.

As if this is not enough, the flowers emerge with all royalty as a large cluster of white flowers at the top of the foliage. It can withstand very low temperatures making it ideal for cold areas.

11. Buckley’s Yucca Plant

Buckleys Plant with twisted leaves

  •  An evergreen perennial shrub
  • Grows in stemless clumps
  • Have thread-like filaments among the foliage
  • The clumps are one to three feet tall
  • The flowering panicles are at least five feet tall
Distinctive feature 
  • Its narrow twisting leaves
  • They are pale blue to dark green
Growing zones 
  • Grows in USDA hardiness zones 8 to 11
  • Does well in full-sun areas

Yucca constricta is an evergreen perennial shrub that does well in rocky, sandy soil in hot deserts. This plant is identified by its narrow twisting leaves, colored pale blue to dark green, as most of the time it would resemble the blue yucca plant because of its colors.

The Buckley’s yucca grows in stemless clumps between one and three feet tall. It is ideal for landscapes that have poor, infertile soil. The blooms rise from the middle of the plant when they appear, and they would add such a nice aesthetic feature.

12. Twisted Yucca

Twisted Yucca with unique foliage

  • Has twisting sword-shaped leaves
  • Bright green to dark green leaves
  • Have sharp cutting edges of leaves
  • Leaves are up to two feet long
  • The flowering stalk is up to five feet tall
Distinctive feature 
  • Its low-growing clumps of rosettes
  • Pointy edged leaves
Growing zones 
  • Grows in USDA hardiness zones 7a to 9b
  • Prefer to grow under the shade of other tall plants

Yucca rupicola is also known as Texas yucca or rock yucca or twisted-leaf yucca. This plant has twisting sword-shaped leaves that are bright to dark green. It is one of the most popular species outdoors as it grows easily, as it is a drought-tolerant plant, that would require partial sunlight.

On another note, the twisted yucca has some sharp pointed edges that could hurt you if you are not careful when handling the plant. This is because it would grow in such a beautiful green color by showing off its long, smooth leaves.

13. Lord’s Candle Yucca

Tall Lords Candle Yucca

  • An evergreen yucca shrub
  • Grows without a trunk
  • Have bluish leaves that are rigid and sharp
  • Grows up to ten feet tall
  • The flowering stem is at least 14 feet tall
Distinctive feature 
  • Being a shrub, it has a flowering stem of 14 inches long
  • Produces a mass of scented creamy white flowers
Growing zones 
  • Grows in USDA hardiness zones seven to nine
  • Withstands temperatures up to ten degrees Fahrenheit

Yucca Whippel is an evergreen shrub that grows on the ground without a trunk, and it is known as the Lord’s candle yucca because it looks like long white candles. It has sharp bluish leaves with piercing serrated edges.

The blades can grow up to three feet long, making them dangerous, as it would grow to the height of three feet tall. On another note, this species of yucca dies after flowering, with the mother plant growing in its place.

14. Weak-leaf Yucca Plant

Delicate Weakleaf Yucca Plant

  • Has leaves that bend over or droop
  • A low-growing shrub
  • Has sword-shaped leaves
  • Grows up to two feet tall
  • The spread is about five feet wide
Distinctive feature 
  • The sword-shaped leaves
  • They have very sharp points
Growing zones 
  • Grows in zones 4 to 11
  • Prefers dry, sandy regions with full sun

Yucca flaccida is also known as weak-leaf yucca because its leaves are always in a “tired” mood; in addition, it is related to the filamentosa and tends to have leaves that droop. It produces a mass of bell-shaped white flowers at the end of the long stems.

Cultivars of this yucca are garland gold or golden sword with a rosette growth of robust yellow and green leaves. The flowers that would bloom look like little bells, that are white in color, and soft in their texture; they often get pollinated by white yucca insects, such as moths, especially in springtime.

15. Adam’s Needle ‘Color Guard’

Variegated Adams Needle Yucca

  • Has yellow and green variegated leaves
  • The foliage grows in a rosette form
  • Grows as a clumping shrub
  • Reaches up to two to three feet tall
  • It has the same width
Distinctive feature 
  • Has distinctive curly threads on the leaves
  • The threads are pink and rose-colored in winter
Growing zones 
  • Grows in hardiness zones 4 to 11
  • Tolerates warmer growing conditions

Yucca filamentosa ‘color guard‘ is a beautiful yucca tree, this is because it features yellow and green variegated leaves. The foliage of this yucca grows in a rosette form, showing such a beautiful aesthetic.

This plant grows as a clumping shrub with a large cluster of whitish flowers that emerge on a long stalk in June. This plant prefers growing in sandy soils and is ideal as a garden border. The sharp leaves are useful as they deter intruders and animals, which is a way that you can use to repel them out of your yard or lawn.

16. Adam’s Needle ‘Excalibur’

Stunning Adams Needle Yucca

  • Has stiff sword-shaped leaves
  • Have a bluish-green to gray-green color
  • Has curly filaments growing among the foliage
  •  Grows up to 12 feet tall
  • The flowering stem is about five feet tall
Distinctive feature 
  • A large cluster of bell-shaped creamy white flowers
  • The high flowering stem that holds the cluster
Growing zones 
  • Ideal for USDA zones five through ten
  • Perfect for warm areas with lots of sunlight

The name of this plant, scientifically, is yucca filamentosa ‘excalibur’ is a stunning yucca variety. It is also known as the thread yucca. It has stiff sword-shaped leaves that are blue-green to gray-green. The needle ‘excalibur’ has curly filaments growing among the foliage.

The bloom of this plant is the glory of this plant as it produces a large cluster of bell-shaped creamy white flowers. Plant it in the backyard, where you can create a dramatic statement, and you would see them also adding their beautiful color of blue yucca leaves around.

17. Aloe Yucca

Aloe Yucca Hybrid

  • Has very sharp pointed rigid leaves
  • The margins of these leaves are finely toothed
  • Grows as a robust shrub
  • Grows to a height of seven to eight feet tall
Distinctive feature 
  • The stems of this yucca topple over
  • They snake around the ground or over the surrounding plants
Growing zones 
  • Grows up to 8 to 11 feet tall
  • Does well in 50 to 60 degrees Fahrenheit

Yucca aloifolia is a simple densely branched yucca of an erect arborescent species. It has sharp, pointed, rigid leaves with finely toothed margins. The leaves are fairly thin, dagger-shaped, and very sharp-tipped.

The stems are covered with old dry leaves, when it produces large and showy, waxy, and white-tinged purplish flowers; as this plant is best grown as an ornamental. Moreover, you can see it thrive at 50 to 60 degrees Fahrenheit, and it needs indirect sun that is also bright.

18. Common Yucca

Common Yucca with Spiky Leaves

  • Herbaceous perennial shrub
  • Has no trunk
  • Has blue-green, strappy leaves
  • This shrub reaches three to five feet tall
  • The leaves are about two feet long
Distinctive feature 
  • The white thread filaments along the leaf margins
  • Blooms little white flowers
Growing zones 
  • Grows in hardiness zones five to eleven
  • Survives in very cold temperatures

Yucca filamentosa is a multi-suckering herbaceous perennial shrub that has no trunk. It has blue-green, strappy leaves that grow up to two feet long. It tolerates cold temperatures during winter but thrives under the full sun, and you would see it blooming little flowers that are white in their color in spring time.

19. Tree Yucca

Tree Like Yucca Plant

  • A heavily branched tall yucca
  • Straight and sword-shaped leaves
  • Grow in rosette-shaped bunches
  • Reaches up to 15 to 17 feet tall
  • The spread is about 10 feet wide
Distinctive feature 
  • It gets a massive spreading trunk base
  • This trunk grows with age
Growing zones 
  •  Grows in zones four to ten
  • They enjoy areas with full sunlight

Yucca filifera is a heavily branched yucca that grows tall. It has a massive spreading trunk that grows large with age. The leaves are straight and sword-shaped, growing in rosette-shaped bunches. It produces vibrant white flowers that hang over the plant.


Varieties of yucca plants are as many as seen in the above list, so you have no excuse now regarding how wide yucca varieties you can grow. Before you start your yucca plants, here are a few things you should remember:

  • Most of the varieties do well under direct sunlight and tolerates very cold climate meaning the plant is hardy enough to tolerate harsh climates.
  • These plants are easy to grow with less maintenance, even for new lovers who don’t know much about plants.
  • All these varieties take a little neglect as they are hardy and do not require daily maintenance, making them the top plants for a busy gardener.
  • Our favorite yucca plants include yucca gloriosa, red yucca, spineless yucca, Joshua tree, beaked yucca, and banana yucca.

Now you know all about all the varieties of these plants. As a result, you have no reason to grow the same old plants you have been growing; get some new-looking ones for that new vibe! Make sure to keep them away from your pets since it can affect your cat or dog if it gets eaten!

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