If you wonder what do coffee plants look like, we’re here to help and then some! Coffee plants are a unique species of plants that are known for their aromatic coffee beans and beautiful flowers. 

Guide of Beautiful Coffee Plants

In this guide, we will explore everything you need to know about these plants, from types of plants to how to care for them and even how to roast them at home.

So let’s dive in and discover the amazing beauty of coffee plants!

What Does a Coffee Plant Resemble? 

A coffee plant resembles a small Christmas tree with its small and waxy leaves that grow along the stems in pairs. These leaves are dark green, but can sometimes be purple and yellow as well. Small red fruits that look like cherries grow alongside the plant’s branches.

– Leaves

These plants are a species of evergreen shrubs in the Rubiaceae family. They are natively located in the tropical and subtropical regions of the earth and can grow up to 10 feet tall. Coffee plants can remind us of small Christmas trees.

Leaves of Cofee Plants

These plants are covered with green and luscious leaves growing in pairs. Some coffee plant varieties can produce yellow and even purple foliage. 

– Flowers

Coffee plants produce fragrant white flowers and are best known for their cherry fruits. These small cherries grow in heaps on the coffee tree and give way, or contain coffee beans that are used to make coffee.

Although there are more than 100 coffee species, the cherries almost always look the same! The coffee tree has been cultivated for centuries and is now grown in many parts of the world.

– Coffee Beans

Inside every cherry on your plant, you’ll find two or more seeds. These seeds are usually nested inside the pulp and other protective skin layers, which need to be carefully removed to reveal the precious coffee beans. 

Caring Coffee Beans

The very coffee bean consists of five skin layers! 

  • Exocarp: The outer skin of the coffee cherry. This is what you can see when you look at the cherry on the tree of the coffee plant. It usually starts as a green pod that slowly changes colors and hues as the fruit matures. 
  • Mesocarp: This is a thin layer of pulp or fruit meat that is found directly below the exocarp and provides protection for the seed.
  • Endocarp: This is a thin envelope that covers the actual coffee bean. Its consistency can be described as parchment-like. In the ending phase of the bean’s growth, this layer hardens up to limit the size of the bean.
  • Spermoderm: This is another thin layer that envelops the bean and usually gets lost in the end phase, but is there to provide the initial protection of a baby bean.
  • Endosperm: This is the coffee bean itself. Before the beans enter the roasting process, they actually have a wonderful green color to them. 

How Do You Grow Coffee Plants for Beautiful Looks?

You can grow coffee plants for beautiful looks by providing them with plenty of sunlight, a well drained soil with a pH level of 6 to 7, and lots of water. There are two types of coffee plants you can grow, which are Arabica and Robusta.

How fast does a coffee tree grow?

Coffee plants usually grow a few inches in the first month, but the plant can reach two feet in its first year of growth. After this, the growth is somewhat lowered but it will take up to four years for the tree to reach maturity.

It’s very easy to grow coffee plants. You should provide enough light, water, and temperature, but once you get these three ingredients right, you’ll have a lovely thriving plant in your garden. 

– Light Requirements

Coffee plant care is not difficult, but it does require some basic knowledge. Coffee plants need plenty of sunlight, so make sure to plant these beauties in a location that gets plenty of direct sunlight each day.

Light Requirements for Coffee Plants

Either allow for full sunlight in weaker latitudes, ie. morning or high afternoon, or draped sunlight. Coffee plants are shrubs, meaning they thrive in harsh areas in forests so you should never allow them to be hit with too much, as this can cause their leaves to turn brown.  

These plants bloom delicate, white flowers. Once the plant reaches its maturity, these blooms will give way to red cherries. If you’d want to get your own plant to bloom, you should allow the right temperature around the plant. Coffee plants will enjoy 70 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit and four to five hours of sunlight each day! 

– Soil Requirements

They also need soil that is well-drained and has a pH level of six to seven. They love rich potting soil which is slightly on the acidic side. If your plant struggles, you can always add some moss mixture to lower the pH of the soil.

Coffee plants thrive in temperatures of 65 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit, so make sure to plant them in a spot that is protected from extreme weather.

– Water Requirements

Coffee plant care involves a lot of water. These trees simply love water and need to be watered regularly. Water them in the morning and make sure the soil is moist but not soggy. Never allow for the soil to go dry completely in between waterings.

Water Requirements for Coffee Plants

Coffee plants also need to be fertilized once a month with a balanced fertilizer. Make sure to carefully follow the instructions on the fertilizer label.

– Common Diseases

Coffee plants can be susceptible to pests and diseases. Common pests include aphids, spider mites, and mealybugs. To prevent pests, make sure to keep your plants well-watered and fertilized. If pests become a problem, you can use an insecticidal soap or even neem oil to get rid of them.

Common diseases include leaf spots, root rot, and coffee rust. To prevent these diseases, make sure to plant your plants in well-drained soil and water them regularly. If diseases become a problem, you can use a general fungicide to get rid of them.

Leaf spot is the most common fungal disease that can give your coffee plant brown spots. If spotted, you should remove all the affected leaves and stems at once and trim the branches so there’s better air circulation in the plant canopy. 

Brown leaves are another common problem. Usually, this happens when the plant is given too much sun and the leaves get burned and fall off. If brown leaves occur, just move your plant to a more indirect sunlight position, or if it’s buried in the ground, hang a screen over it. 

– Pruning

Being a shrubby tree, your coffee won’t ever grow high enough that you won’t be able to manage it. That’s why they don’t require heavy pruning — you can simply cut them back in the spring with sharp shears and shape your plant a bit.

Pruning Coffee Plants on Spring

It will respond with vigorous growth, which you can tend to in the autumn or spring. 

– Types of Coffee Plants

There are many different types and species of coffee plants. The two main coffee species are Coffea Arabica and Coffea Robusta. Arabica coffee is the most popular and highest quality species, while Robusta is lower quality but also less expensive. In addition to Arabica and Robusta, there are several other species of coffee plants, including Liberica, Maragogype, and Excelsa.

Arabica and Robusta coffee plants are two of the most popular species of coffee plants. Arabica is known for its sweet and complex flavor, while Robusta is known for its strong and bitter flavor. When choosing between Arabica coffee plant and Robusta, it’s important to consider your budget and your taste preferences.

If you’re looking for a sweet and complex flavor, then Arabica is the best choice. But if you’re looking for a strong and bitter flavor, then Robusta may be the better choice. Now let’s get onto how the coffee plant grow

– Benefits

Having a coffee plant in your garden can provide many benefits. Not only do they look attractive, but they also provide a source of fresh, organic coffee. Coffee plants can also help to attract beneficial insects and provide food for wildlife.

Benefits of Organic Coffee in Daily Life

These beautiful plants also provide an excellent source of shade and can help to reduce temperatures in your garden. In addition, they reduce soil erosion and provide natural mulch, which helps to keep the soil moist and healthy.

Growing coffee is a great way to enjoy the unique beauty and fragrance of these plants while also producing your own beans. Growing coffee plants can be a rewarding and enjoyable experience.

Here are some of the benefits of growing coffee plants:

  • You can save cash by growing your own coffee beans.
  • You can enjoy the unique beauty and fragrance of the coffee plants.
  • You can enjoy the unique flavor of the coffee beans.
  • You can have control over the quality of the coffee beans you produce.
  • You can enjoy the process of growing and harvesting your own coffee beans.

When To Plant Coffee Trees?

These coffee plants are best planted in the spring or fall. Coffee plants grow best in a location that gets at least six hours of bright direct sunlight each day and has well-drained soil.

Plant your coffee plants in holes that are twice as wide as their root balls and water them regularly. Make sure to fertilize your plants monthly with a balanced fertilizer.

After your plants have been planted, prune them regularly to keep them healthy and to encourage new growth. Coffee plants can take up to three years to produce coffee beans, so be patient with them and enjoy the process!

How a Coffee Plant Develops?

Coffee trees are blooming plants, and it usually takes up to nine months for a coffee cherry to grow from a flower to a fully developed fruit. This cherry has a deep red color and inside we find the coffee bean or the seed for the new coffee plant. Every cherry contains up to two beans enclosed in a thin layer of cherry pulp.  

Developed Coffee Plants Blooming

These beans will continue developing as long as they are on the plant, and coffee growers often pick them while they’re still green. Coffee plants live as long as 40 years, so you can expect more than a few good years of harvest with each plant. 

– Tips For Growing Coffee Plants

Growing coffee plants can be a rewarding and enjoyable experience.

Here are some tips for growing coffee plants:

  • Choose the right variety of coffee plants. Arabica and Robusta coffee are two of the most well-known varieties, but there are also other varieties to choose from.
  • Find the right location. Coffee plants need plenty of sunlight, warm temperatures, and well-drained soil.
  • Plant the coffee plants in the ground or in a container.
  • Provide regular care. Water your plants regularly, fertilize them every few months and prune them regularly.
  • Monitor for pests and diseases. Check your plants regularly for any pests or diseases and take action if necessary.
  • Harvest the coffee beans. Once the coffee beans are ripe, harvest them and enjoy the unique flavor of your own homegrown coffee beans.

– Roasting Coffee Beans

Once the coffee beans have been harvested from the coffee plants, they must be roasted to bring out their flavor. The roasting process is an art form and requires skill and experience. The roasting process is what gives your coffee its unique flavor and aroma.

Roasting of Coffee Beans

This process can be done in a variety of ways, from light roasts to dark roasts. The type of roast you choose will depend on your taste preference. Generally, lighter roasts have a bright, acidic flavor, while darker roasts have a bold, robust flavor. The roasting process also affects the caffeine content of the coffee. Generally, the darker the roast is, the higher the caffeine content will be.

So what is light roast coffee?

Basically, the answer lies in the duration of the roasting process. Light roasts take a shorter time and lower heating time — the beans are usually roasted at between 380 and 410 degrees Fahrenheit.

Beans tend to pop at around 385 to 390 degrees Fahrenheit which we call the first crack — this signals that the bean has reached a light roast. Lightly roasted beans have much more moisture remaining in them, resulting in a denser coffee. It’s characterized by a light color, body, and flavor.

Dark roast means that the coffee bean stays on the roasting machine for much longer than its light counterpart. Dark coffee also means higher temperatures, as the beans are roasted at a minimum of 430 degrees Fahrenheit, which should make that second crack or pop of the bean.

These are characterized by dark and almost black color and a strong and full body of taste. These coffees usually have a smoky, strong taste since all of the original flavors of the bean are roasted out. It is also less dense since the majority of moisture in the bean has been lost. 

– Location

Coffee is best grown outdoors where it can reach its highest potential and a height of six feet, but you can grow it indoors too! Just remember to prune it more often, so you have a manageable-sized tree at one or two feet tall.

Coffee Plants Growing Outdoor

The coffee tree is native to Ethiopia and is now grown in many other countries around the world. The plant can be found in lots of nurseries and gardens, with the largest producers being Brazil, Vietnam, and Colombia. And while coffee is usually enjoyed as a hot beverage, there are many other ways to enjoy it from iced coffees to cold brews. 


Coffee plants are a unique species of plants that are known for their aromatic coffee beans and beautiful flowers. Coffee plants are not only great for making coffee, but they also add a unique and beautiful touch to your garden.

In this guide, we’ve explored everything you need to know about coffee plants, but to sum it all up:

  • Coffee is a species of evergreen shrub in the Rubiaceae family. You can recognize it by its beautiful evergreen foliage, white flowers of fragrant smell, and a bunch of red cherries that in the end produce our favorite coffee beans.
  • Coffee plants are known to resemble small Christmas trees.
  • There are two main varieties of coffee plants: Arabica coffee plant and Robusta coffee. Arabica is known for its sweet and complex flavor, while Robusta is known for its strong and bitter flavor.
  • Caring for your coffee plants isn’t difficult. All you need is plenty of sunlight, plenty of moisture, and good, rich, organic, and well-drained soil.

So if you’re looking to add a unique and beautiful touch to your garden, consider growing coffee plants!

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